Research Papers/Topics in Crop Protection And Environmental Biology

Effects Of Some Cultural Practices And Some Plant Extracts On The Wilt Disease Of Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum Mill) Grown In Owerri Metropolis In Imo State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT The effects of some cultural practices and some plant extracts on wilt disease of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) in Owerri, were studied. The experiments were conducted in 2010, 2011 and 2015 at the Teaching and Research Farm and in the Crop Science and Technology Laboratory of the School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria. The investigation consisted of three (3) different experiments and each ...

Response Of Jatropha Curcas L. To Fungal Pathogens In Southwestern Nigeria

ABSTRACT Cultivation of Jatropha curcas L. for production of biodiesel as an alternative source of energy is crucial for sustainable development in Nigeria. Pests and pathogens especially fungi have been reported to be a major constraint to commercial cultivation of J. curcas in Asia and some West African countries. However, this is yet to be fully investigated and documented in Nigeria. Fungal pathogens infecting J. curcas in southwestern Nigeria were therefore investigated. Two hundred plan...

Genetic Analysis Of Mutants From Irradiated Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata [L.] Walp.) Seeds And Pollen

ABSTRACTCowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is an important human and livestock protein sourcein Nigeria, but its production is constrained by ravages of pests and climate change.Conventional breeding efforts used to fortify it against these constraints had resulted intoits narrow genetic base. In order to overcome this challenge, other mutation proceduressuch as physical and chemical mutagens could be used. Nevertheless, information ongamma and ultra-violet (UV) irradiated cowpea seeds and pollen has...

Field Persistence Of S-Metolachlor And Pendimethalin In Maize-Based Cropping System And Impact On Earthworm Activities In Ogbomoso, Nigeria

ABSTRACTApplication of chemicals on weed has been an effective method of weed control. However, this is withproblems of persistence and hazardous effects on non-target organisms like arthropods. Commonherbicides used in maize fields in Ogbomoso include atrazine, primextra, Lasso/atrazine, diuronpendimethalin, and S-metolachlor. Information on S-metolachlor and Pendimethalin persistence underfield situations is inadequate. Therefore, persistence of S-metolachlor and Pendimethalin in maize fiel...

Evaluation And Inheritance Of Single And Multiple Resistance To Viral Diseases Of Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata (L.) Walp)

ABSTRACTViral diseases usually occur as multiple infections and significantly reduce yield incowpea. Planting resistant cowpea varieties is economical and effective in controlling viraldiseases. However, information on mode of inheritance of virus resistance required forcowpea breeding programmes is limited. Thus, single and multiple resistance andinheritance patterns of resistance to viral diseases were investigated in some selectedcowpea breeding lines.Nine cowpea genotypes comprising eight...

Bio-Control Of Cercospora Leaf Spot Disease Of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogeae) Using Extracts Of Moringa Oleifera Lam. And Jatropha Curcas L.

ABSTRACT The study was conducted in the School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology (SAAT) research farm. The Experiment was laid out in a RCBD form. Extracts from roots and seeds of Moringa oleifera and Jatropha curcas were tested at 10% concentration and sprayed after 2,3 and 4 weeks in three different growing periods of groundnut; 2, 3 and 4 weeks. Some plant extrated were mixed with 3ml of an emulsifier made from castor oil known as RIMULGAN and then separately added to e...

Interaction Of Meloidogyne Incognita With Botryodiplodia Theobromae On Manihot Esculenta (Cassava) And Its Biocontrol

ABSTRACT The Root-Knot Nematode (RKN), Meloidogyne incognita and fungus Botryodiplodia theobromae, are important pests that cause yield losses in cassava and other crops. Chemicals have been used to manage these pests but with undesirable side effects. Information on pathogenicity of M. incognita, its interaction with B. theobromae and its biocontrol in Nigeria is very little. Therefore, pathogenicity of M. incognita on cassava, its interaction with B. theobromae and management with biocontro...

Efficacy Of Selected Botanicals And Microbial Agents As Eco-Friendly Protectants Against Fusarium Verticillioides (Sacc.) Nirenberg Ear-Rot Disease Of Maize, Zea Mays L.

ABSTRACTFusarium verticillioides is a major fungal pathogen of maize causing rots in seed, root,stalk and ear; seedling blight and fumonisin mycotoxin contamination of grains. Use ofchemicals is being discouraged due to its human and environmental health hazards.Information on eco-friendly control method against the pathogen is scanty. Therefore, theefficacies of selected botanicals and microbial agents as eco-friendly control against F.verticillioides were determined.Six Quality Protein Maiz...

Predicting Toxicity of Metal Mixtures to Pseudomonas Fluorescens Using Fixed Ratio Rays And Central Composite Experimental Designs

ABSTRACT The toxicities of binary (Ni(II) + Co(II) and Zn(II) + Cd(II)), ternary (Zn(II) + Cd(II) + Ni(II) and Ni(II) + Co(II) + Cd(II)) and quaternary (Ni(II) + Co(II) + Zn(II) + Cd(II)) mixtures of metals, as well as the individual metal ions to Pseudomonas fluorescens, were assessed by using inhibition of dehydrogenase activity as an endpoint. Uniform design concentration ratio (UDCR) and equieffect concentration ratio (EECR) mixtures were designed to evaluate the combined toxici...

RESPONSE OF Jatropha curcas L. TO FUNGAL PATHOGENS IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

Cultivation of Jatropha curcas L. for production of biodiesel as an alternative source of energy is crucial for sustainable development in Nigeria. Pests and pathogens especially fungi have been reported to be a major constraint to commercial cultivation of J. curcas in Asia and some West African countries. However, this is yet to be fully investigated and documented in Nigeria. Fungal pathogens infecting J. curcas in southwestern Nigeria were therefore investigated.&...

GENETIC ANALYSIS OF MUTANTS FROM IRRADIATED COWPEA (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp.) SEEDS AND POLLEN

Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is an important human and livestock protein source in Nigeria, but its production is constrained by ravages of pests and climate change. Conventional breeding efforts used to fortify it against these constraints had resulted into its narrow genetic base. In order to overcome this challenge, other mutation procedure such as physical and chemical mutagens could be used. Nevertheless, information on gamma and ultra-violet (UV) irradiated cowpea...