Research Papers/Topics in Food And Nutrition

Evaluation Of Antimicrobial And Antioxidant Properties Of Tanzanian Honey From Two Agro-Ecological Zones

ABSTRACT A study was conducted to assess the quality of Tanzanian honey based on antioxidant properties and antimicrobial activities on bacteria and fungi in relation to its physicochemical properties. Two types of honey samples (stinging and stingless bees’ honey) were collected from central zone (Singida and Dodoma) and western zone (Tabora and Shinyanga). Honey samples were analysed for anti-microbial activities, anti-oxidant properties (total phenols, vitamin C) and physico-chemica...

Factors Influencing Aflatoxin Contamination In Maize At Harvest And During Storage In Kongwa District, Tanzania

ABSTRACT The factors influencing aflatoxin contamination in maize at harvest and during storage in three villages of Manungu, Mlanga and Kongwa in Kongwa district, Dodoma region, Tanzania, were investigated in the year 2015/2016. The villages were chosen as they were major maize producers and suppliers to the international Kibaigwa grain market located in this area. The number of maize samples analyzed were 91. Twenty three samples were taken during harvest and stored for 90 and 180 day...

Comparative Study On The Effectiveness Of Sodium Metabisuphite, Acetic Acid And Lemon Juice In Preservation Of Dried Mangoes And Tomatoes

ABSTRACTMango and tomato are widely grown in the World. The present study was carried out to compare the effectiveness of three preservatives in retaining their quality attributes of mango and tomato and substituting the use of sodium metabisulphite with either the lemon juice or acetic acid. The three preservatives were sodium metabisulphite (0.1%), acetic acid (0.5%) and lemon juice (0.5v/v) studied at the respective level in bracket. Mango and tomato slices were dried in the walk - in sola...

Determinants Of Milk Market Participation And Viabilty Of Community Milk Cooling Plants In Bungoma And Kakamega Counties, Kenya

Several community milk cooling plants were constructed and equipped in Western Kenya counties through joint funding of the World-Bank and the Government of Kenya between the years 2008 to 2016 to promote milk production and marketing. A recent study revealed that utilization of these milk cooling plants and farmer participation was low. Market participation in sub-Saharan Africa has been assessed mainly based on already producing households without considering decision to produce by non-produ...

Prevalence And Predictors Of Vitamin A Status Of Children Aged 6-23 Months In Bungoma And Busia Counties Of Western Kenya

ABSTRACTSubclinical vitamin A (VA) deficiency (VAD) continues to be a global problem widely affecting children within 1,000 days of life. Western Kenya experiences high infant mortality partly attributable to VAD. A community based cross-sectional survey among children 6-23 months was undertaken in Western Kenya. Socio-demographic and dietary intake information were collected. Analysis of retinol-binding protein (RBP) and C-reactive protein (CRP) was undertaken to estimate VA and sub-clinical...

Consumption Patterns, Perceptions And Total Carotenoids, Iron And Zinc Contents Of Yellow Flesh Cassava

ABSTRACTBackground: In Ghana, more than 60 % of under 6 year old children are estimated to suffer from sub-clinical vitamin A deficiency. Bio-fortification is the process of breeding nutrients into crops and it provides a relatively economical, sustainable way of giving out more micronutrients. Cassava is also the leading crop in terms of energy intake and per capita consumption in Ghana thus bio-fortifying cassava with provitamin A can improve the vitamin A composition of this staple food an...

Prevalence of Zinc Deficiency Among Ghanaian Adolescents Versus Food Components of Zinc And Phytate

ABSTRACT Zinc is an essential micronutrient found in almost every cell in the body. Nutrient needs are highest during adolescence, surpassed only by needs during pregnancy and lactation. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of zinc deficiency among adolescents in Ghana and to relate this with dietary intake of zinc and phytate. A total of 300 adolescents between ages 13-19 years were recruited from the Greater Accra and Upper East Regions for the study. Questionnaires ...

Eating Out: Nutrition And Health Implications

ABSTRACT Background: Eating out (EO) has been identified as a significant driver to the poor quality of diet due to the high fat, sodium and energy content of meals which have a negative consequence on nutritional health, resulting in overweight/obesity and related non-communicable diseases. The study sought to assess EO lifestyle and associated factors; assess the nutrient content of some selected meals from fast-food restaurants (FFRs) in Accra; and associations of EO lifestyle with...

The Association Between Nutrient Intake, Body Anthropometry And Quality Of Life Of Hiv/Aids Patients In Ghana.

ABSTRACTHIV/AIDS is a public health problem that is increasingly having its toll on human resources, particularly given the fact that the most vulnerable age group is the youth. Even though tremendous achievements have been chalked through the use of antiretroviral drugs, these drugs are expensive and unaffordable by PLWHA in Ghana. Good nutrition has therefore been deemed as a complement to anti retroviral drugs for maximum benefit to this group of people. Ironically, most studies into...