Research Papers/Topics in Zoology

Comparative study of the common protozoan parasites of 𝘊𝘭𝘢𝘳𝘪𝘢𝘴 𝘨𝘢𝘳𝘪𝘦𝘱𝘪𝘯𝘶𝘴 (African catfish) from wild and cultured environments in Bauchi metropolis

This project work studied and compared the common protozoan parasites of Africa cat fish (Clarias gariepinus) from wild and cultured environment within Bauchi metropolis, a total of 48 samples of C. gariepinus comprising 24 each from both wild and cultured environment were examined for protozoan parasites and only 18 and 13 fishes were infected by protozoa parasites respectively. Ichthyophthirus multifiilis was the most common protozoan parasites found in C. gariepinus from the wild and Trich...

Life Expectancy and Lethal Effect of Culex Quinquefasciatus Larvae due to S-Hydroprene and Leaf Extracts of Azadirachta Indica

AbstractCulex quinquefasciatus is a dorminant mosquito species in Nigeria and a major cause of several diseases. The study seeks to determine the effects of S-Hydroprene and leaf extracts of Azadirachta indica on life expectancy of third instar larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus. Concentrations (ranging from 10 mg/L to 60 mg/L) were tested on the larvae for mortality, survival and life expectancy of the medically important Cx. quinquefasciatus mosquito species under laboratory conditions of tem...

Application of Water Quality Index in the Drinking Water Quality Assessment of a Southeastern Nigeria River

Abstract: The physico-chemical parameters of Ikwu River were studied between January and June 2016 in 3 stations to assess its drinking water quality using water quality index. Weighted arithmetic water quality index (WAWQI) method was used. Thirteen parameters were evaluated which included temperature, pH, electrical conductivity (EC), dissolved oxygen, total dissolved solid (TDS), chemical oxygen demand (COD), nitrate, alkalinity, phosphate, sulphate, chloride and calcium. The physico-c...

EVALUATION OF DELTAMETHRIN ON SITOPHILUS ZEAMAIS

ABSTRACTLaboratory experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of deltamethrin dust as a protectant of maize against Sitophilus zeamais under ambient laboratory conditions of 27 ± 3°C and 70 ± 5% relative humidity. Four sets of fifty grams of disinfested maize grains were measured into jars in four replicates. Each replicate was infested with ten 0-7days old adult S.zeamais. Each set of three replicates were treated separately with 0.25g, 0.187g and 0.125g of deltamethrin while the ...

ANALYSIS OF THE NUTRITIONAL VALUES OF FEED COMPOUNDED FROM LOCALLY AVAILABLE MATERIALS (UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR FISH FARM AS A CASE STUDY)

ABSTRACT This project details the results of a research work carried out to develop fish feed compounded from locally available materials in the institute of oceanography fish farm and analyzed its nutritional values, in the biochemistry department all in the University of Calabar. On the basis of the feed production, it is recommended that the  feeding regime of the animal (fish) for intended culture is known, a dry diet formulation of two distinct feed lines was produced (fingerli...

A SURVEY OF NYMPHALID SPECIES OF BUTTERFLIES IN ABRAKA CAMPUS OF DELTA STAT-1

ABSTRACTNymphalid butterflies are excellent ecological indicator and portray a good picture of the ecological status of an area. Study on Nymphalid butterflies were carried out in the Delta state University, Abraka campus from five (5) different habitats (Grassland, Farmland, Riverside, Flowering shrub and Moderately disturbed habitat), for the period of four (4) months (May-August, 2015) using baited traps and Pollard sampling method. A total of 167 individuals of Nymphalid butterflies belon...

Maternal vitamin A supplementation delays time to first episode of parasitaemia and reduces malaria parasite densities among infants in rural communities in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

The study was a randomized mother –infant dyad placebo controlled field trial that evaluated the effect of maternal vitamin A supplementation on time to first episode of parasitaemia and on malaria parasite densities among infants in three rural communities in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. One hundred and fifty-two (152) pregnant women with pregnancies that had mature to at least six (6) months were equally randomized into supplemented and placebo groups. Ten thousand international unit (10,0...

Investigation Of The Infestation Of Dermestes Maculatus On Clarias Gariepinus At different intervals

Eating dried fish is one prevalent dietary habit for local Nigerians due to the requisite for nutritional quality, infested or not. The aim of this study is to investigate the infestation of smoked ready-to-eat dried Clarias gariepinus obtained from Oja-Oba market in Ikare, Ondo State, Nigeria and fresh catfishes processed in the laboratory by Dermestes maculatus at different intervals. A total of twenty catfish was obtained for the study. The twenty catfish were divided into 2 groups of ten ...

Edible Insects Rearing Methods And Incorporation Into Commercial Food Products a Critical Review

Insects are appealing assemblage of organisms classified under the phylum Arthropoda and considered the most diversified in nature. A sum of 2-3 million are estimated on earth constituting as much as 80% - more than 90% of all species in the animal kingdom. Varied nutritional aspects range from high quality protein, natural fat, vitamins, fibre contents and diverse minerals. That they are of great taste, confirmed delicacy and reduce to minimal the climatic change impacts from increasing worl...

Incorporated Edible Insect based Foods The How And Why

Edible insects are appealing assemblage of organisms with varied nutritional aspects ranging from high quality protein, natural fat, vitamins, fibre contents and diverse minerals. It is now a known fact that the world populace would crawl to insect-based foods after the “insect to feed the world” conference and world edible insect programmes as food shortages are alarming and climatic considerations are on the rise. With yearn for food everywhere, start-up and scaling up insect-based food...

Methodology In Production Of Local Integrated Fish Meal Our Affordability In Abraka Delta State Nigeria

Fish for food is a vital resource for indigenous people in Nigeria, known for their hyper-prolific proteins and immerse contribution in rich dietary symbolism for daily nutritional healthiness. Due to high cost and shortage in commercialized fish meal, it was deemed to design a formulated preparation and processing techniques for local integrated fish meal which would provide a guide to unmarketable production and the catalyst for commercialization of integrated fish feed production process t...

Density Diversity Assessment Of Macro invertebrates Of River Illah Delta State Nigeria

The inquiry was directed at estimating the even nature of diversity to density quotient of macro benthic invertebrates at River Illah. Macro benthic invertebrates were obtained using kick sampling techniques while water samples were quantified using standard methods of analysis. Results divulge that Odonata and Crustacea were preponderant consisting (18.45%) of total abundance. Waters from River Illah were well oxygenated (5.2 - 6.8 mg/l), contained low BOD5 (2.4 – 3.5 mg/l) and had a moder...

Floor type Characterization Temperature And Humidity Tolerance For Tunga Penetrans Infestation In Igbokoda Ondo State Nigeria

Tunga penetrans, the jigger flea is causal agent of the skin inflammatory disease so-called tungiasis which is considered common with unhygienic, poor and indigent residents of communities in the world. This study illustrates the various floor type characteristics and designated key environmental factors that buoy up infestations in endemic foci. Sand fleas were sampled using a clean white cloth laid on floors of house and verandas and environmental variables determined using EOSUN electronic...

Production Method For Some Insect based Food For Local Consumption In Ondo State Nigeria

Based on the fact that insects are highly nutritional exciting materials with no doubt as future prospects of being included in consumer’s common diet in various countries in the world, they are vital resource proven with varied nutritional aspects and rich in dietary symbolism for daily nutritional healthiness. Due to high cost and shortage in food availability, it was considered to design a local production method for the available in our local community to provide for unmarketable produc...

Physic chemistry And Littoral Macro invertebrate Of Umoni River In Delta State Nigeria

Water use for various human activities is a very high prevalent and demanding pursuit in the world. Many rustic Nigerians fetch and consume waters without proper scrutiny. The study was directed at estimating the physic-chemistry of water and macro benthic invertebrate diversity of Umoni River. Macro benthic invertebrates were obtained using kick sampling techniques while water samples were detailed using standard methods of analysis. Results disclose that Annelida, Ephemeroptera and Coleopte...

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