Research Papers/Topics in Psychology

GENDER-ROLE ORIENTATION AND SELF EFFICACY AS CORRELATES OF ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION

The study investigated gender-role orientation and self-efficacy ascorrelates of entrepreneurial intentions. A total of 350participated in the study, comprising of two hundred and six maleand one hundred and forty-four female students of Enugu State Universityof Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria. Participants responded togender-role inventory, self efficacy scale and entrepreneurial intentionquestionnaire. It was hypothesized that gender-role orientation and selfefficacy will not be sign...

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Mental Health and Wellbeing Among Nigerian Population

ABSTRACT  Background and Objective  The mental wellbeing of individuals has been exposed to psychological distress as a result of the COVID19 pandemic that resulted in a lockdown and hugely impacted the economy across the world. This study wasconducted to investigate the impact of COVID19 on the mental wellbeing of residents in the Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria.  Method  Using a crosssectional design, data were obtained fr...

Effects of Frustration on Performance

This paper discuss the effects of frustration on performance. The research was carried by the approved process and steps. The frustration was created by giving list of anagrams to 22 participants and the hypothesise were participant will perform better in list A in which no frustration was given and participants will take time on list B in which frustration was created.

Influence of Customer Expectations and .Service Encounter on Perception of Service Quality in Fast Food Retailing

Abstract  The influence of customer expectations and service encounters on perception of service quality in fastfood retailing was investigated in this study, using 196 patrons of three fast food outlets in Oshodi-Isolo Local Government Area of Lagos State. 

PSYCHOSOCIAL ADJUSTMENT TO EPILEPSY AMONG NIGERIANS

Introduction Research into epilepsy tends to be largely focused on neurobiological issues, but over the years a body of empirical research findings has developed that indicates that seizure di 'orders are often associated with a variety of psychological and social difficulties. Social anti psychological effect or epilepsy is basically disabling and could be more handicapping than the seizures themselves. Two models in research literature have been propounded to explain the increased psychosoc...

A Comparative Study of Burnout Syndrome among Health Professionals in A Nigerian Teaching Hospital

Summary Burnout as a measure of stress has generated research interest in the past two decades. However, there is a dearth of research on this interesting and important phenomenon in Nigeria. This study compared burnout and its associated factors in various health professionals working at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Two hundred and sixty health care providers were sampled from 5 main units: Theatre/Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Accident and Emergency (A & E), Oncology, Den...

Improving Well-Being Through Psycho-Education among Voluntary Counseling And Testing Seekers in Nigeria: A Controlled Outcome Study

Abstract The present study evaluated the efficacy of an individualized psycho-education (PE) program in reducing psychological distress and risky sexual behavior and enhancing self-disclosure associated with an HIV diagnosis among attendees of a walk-in non-governmental voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) center in Nigeria. Ninety-four consecutive individuals were asked to complete a pre-counseling, baseline questionnaire detailing their sociodemographic characteristics, psychopathology, ...

A Descriptive Epidemiology Of Substance Use And Substance Use Disorders In Nigeria During The Early 21st Century

Abstract Background: Several studies have examined the use of psychoactive substances among selected groups in Nigeria. Here, we extend the description to include the features of substance dependence. . Method: A strati lied multi-stage random sampling of households was used to select respondents in 21 of Nigeria's 36 states (representing 57% of the national population). In-person interviews with 6752 adults were conducted using the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic...

Training Evaluation: Process, Benefits, and Issues

Abstract Training is an organized approach to positively impacting individuals' knowledge, skills, and attitudes in order to improve individual, team, and organizational effectiveness. Training gives organizations access to resources that will allow them to compete successfully in a changing environment, and to plan for and accomplish set goals. Effective training helps corrects employee and organizational deficiencies. However, poor, inappropriate, or inadequate training can be a source of f...

Testing The Interrelationships among Employees in Medium Scale Enterprises

Abstracts The study examined interrelationships of emerging psychosocial problems (stress, tobacco and alcohol use, HIV/AIDS, and violence as addressed by ILO's SOLVE program) In medium scale enterprises They constitute major challenges to employees health and orqamzauona! outcomes. Unlike other countries. where sirong evidence e"'sls to show the interrelationships, there is paucity of literature involving the SubSaharan Africa sample, mere attempts to promote the knowledge and application o...

Free Speech Attitudes of Nigerian University Students at National Universities Games Association Event in Benin, Edo State, Nigeria

Abstract This research adopted a descriptive survey design with the use of self-reported instruments to generate data and responses from the research participants. The setting of the study was the main campus of the University of Benin, Edo State, Nigeria where the 23rd edition of the Nigerian Universities Games (NUGA)took place in 2011. The independent variables of the research were socio-economic status, political orientation, age, and gender. The dependent variable was desire for freedom o...

Profile, Comorbidity and Impact of Insomnia in the Ibadan Study of Ageing

Abstract Objective—To provide information on the profile, comorbidity and impact of insomnia among an understudied group of elderly Africans. Method—Using the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), the 12-month prevalence of three forms of insomnia was assessed in face-to-face interviews conducted with a regionally-representative sample of elderly Nigerians, aged 65 years and over (n=2152). The association of insomnia with quality of life, rated with the WHO Quality of...

Psychosocial and Seizure Factors Related To Depression And Neurotic Disorders Among Patients With Chronic Epilepsy In Nigeria

Summary To establish the effect of psychosocial and seizure factors on Depression and Neurotic Disorders among clinically diagnosed Nigerian patients, with epilepsy. This study utilized the multivariate statistical design to evaluate the associations between some psychosocial and seizure factors on increase depression and neurotic disorders. The Neurology outpatient clinics oftwo tertiary facilities inNigeria: Aro Neuro-psychiatric Hospital/World Health Organization Collaborating Centre, Abe...

Gender Differences and Entrepreneurial Factors in Psychological Adjustment During Organizational Restructuring

Abstract Typically, organizational restructuring come with change and the challenge of what to do when there is job loss. This can impact psychological well-being for both male and female employees. Hence, the study with a sample of 496 [233 (46.9%) males and 263 (53.1%) females]. Their mean age was 39.1 years (sd=10.31). Questionnaires were used for data collection. Two hypotheses were tested with ‘Pearson r’ and t-test. Results showed positive and significant correlation between entrep...

Perceived Self-Competence as a Consequence of Gender, Socio-Economic Status and Birth Order

ABSTRACT The focus of this study was the main and interaction effects of gender, socio-economic status, and birth order on the perceived self-competence of young adolescents.  One hundred and twenty Junor Secondary School one, two, three, and SS one students randomly selected from two schools in Ibadan participated in the study. There was no significant interaction effect of gender, socio-economic status and birth order on overall self-competence, no main effect of birth order was also foun...


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