Technology

Research Papers/Topics in Technology

Conflict Management in Nigerian Construction Industry: Project Managers’ View

Abstract Conflict is a natural phenomenon in the construction project management as in other areas of human activities as its importance being accepted if positively managed. . Despite different types of conflict resolution, arbitration and mediation conflict in construction projects remained unending and project abandonment flourishes in Nigerian construction industry, however the involvement of Project Managers as a leader who should maintain conflict within the project is worthy of precise...

An Analysis of Determinants of Accident Involving Marine Vessels in Nigeria’s Waterways

Cases of marine vessel accident involving personal injury, deaths, property and environmental damage have grown in tandem with increased oil prospecting and other commercial seaborne transportation activities in Niger-Delta/coastal regions of Nigeria. The incidence of marine vessel casualties and associated risk factors generate serious concern as further empirical evidence suggests that between 75-96% of marine vessel casualties are caused at least in part by some form of human error. This s...

The Roles And Impacts Of Transportation In Nigerian Society

ABSTRACT Transportation is the basis for economic, social and political development in most societies as it exhibits a close relationship to the style and quality of living of the society. Transportation plays an important role in the day-to -day activities of the society. Some of the roles it plays in our societies are the subject of this paper. This paper therefore attempts to illustrate the roles and impacts of transportation in Nigerian society by considering such roles as social, economi...

Study Of Factors Affecting Construction Cost Performance In Nigerian Construction Sites

ABSTRACT                                                                                               Maintaining steady cost projection on construction projects had been until recently an issue of serious concern, both to the client and project contractors. Cost deviation from initial Cost plan, had been prevalent on Construction sites. However, little or no efforts has made to curtail the phenomenon, it is against this background that this re...

Relationship between Material Management Approach and Scheduled Project Completion Time

Abstract Construction projects are known to experience time delays due to various reasons. The aim of this study is to find out if the material management approach used on building projects has a relationship with the scheduled completion time of the projects. Various literatures were reviewed so as to identify the different material management techniques available and classification of time overrun. The study was carried out on building projects situated in Lagos and simple random sampling t...

Building Failure and Collapse in Nigeria: the Influence of the Informal Sector

ABSTRACT The occurrence of building failure and collapse has become a major issue of concern in the development of this nation as the magnitudes of this incident are becoming very alarming. This paper therefore examines the incidents of building failure/collapse in Nigeria. By focusing on six major states from each of the six geo-political regions of the country, the paper examined the contributory role of the informal sector to this decadence. The study indicated that the building failure an...

Project Cost Control in the Nigerian Construction Industry

ABSTRACT  The construction industry being solely responsible for economic growth of the nation will base on the government’s fiscal policy and budget the formulation of its own policy plan on how to carry out development within that budget and equally give the nation a healthy developed environment. Besides, the overall aim of cost control and management is to make sure that scarce resources are utilized to the optimum benefits of the main parties to a construction contract. That means tha...

THE USE OF HYDROGEN AS A HARMLESS SOURCE OF ENERGY

ABSTRACT Hydrogen is an energy carrier that can transform our fossil fuel dependent economy into a hydrogen economy; t can provide an emission free transportation fuel.  Hydrogen has the highest combustion energy per batter relative to any other fuel. It is more efficient on a weight basis than fuels used currently. It offers 2-3 times more energy than most other common fuels.  It combines readily with oxygen releasing considerable energy as heat and water Hydrogen storage and transport are...

CAUSES, MANAGEMENT SYMPTOMS, TREATMENT, PREVENTION, OF PROSTATE CANCER

ABSTRACT  Prostate cancer is the form of cancer that develops in the prostate.  It lead to increased death rate yearly although its specific causes are age, genetic with some environmental factors such as toxins chemical and industrial product.  The symptoms are painful and frequent lamination, painful ejaculation of blood in the urine, weakness in legs and difficult in walking.  The easiest and inexpensive way to reduce the risk of prostate cancer is by eating healthy food with adequate ...

PRODUCTS CONTAMINATION AND QUALITY CONTROL ANALYSIS

SYNOPSIS Quality control can be seen as the activities that sustain the quality of a product in order to satisfy a given requirement or meet certain standards. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary, 2003). It is applicable in all phases of the production cycle. In food products, qualities such as composition, structure (molecular, microscopic and macroscopic), physicochemical and sensory attributes are all analyzed.  These analyses are carried out both to satisfy customers’ and meet regulatory standards...

Challenges construction estimators encounter when estimating construction projects

In a construction project as in any other projects, one of the first steps is to obtain the cost estimate for the project. For a construction project to be successful, the contractor has to first get a cost estimate. This will be the basis (the foundation) on which his tender, and consequently his execution of the whole project will be based. A defunct cost estimate may therefore lead to a bad job execution. On the other hand over-estimation for a project may prevent the contractor from winni...

ASSESSMENT OF MARITIME SECURITY, INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION IN MARITIME

ABSTRACT Information Communication Technology (ICT) refers to several forms of information exchange between two or more devices like computers, mobile PDAs and hi-tech devices through which any of the several methods of interconnection, principally through the Internet can be initiated to perform a defined task. These technologies provide speedy, inexpensive, secure and convenient means of communication.  Therefore, in developing countries Nigeria precisely, the impact of ICT in the maritime...

A STUDY OF THE APPLICATION OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE PREVENTION OF POLLUTION IN THE MARITIME INDUSTRY

ABSTRACT Over the years there have been stories of notorious oil spillages in the Niger Delta regions of the country, deposition of deadly industrial wastes into the seas at Lagos Lagoons and beaches, deposition of Biological and medical wastes in the Nigerian sea borders etc. which have led to death of sea and land animals including man in most cases as well as other environmental hazards; yet the perpetrators’ of such dastardly acts are most times not apprehended or adequately punished. ...

THE IMPACT OF MAINTENANCE OF BUILDINGS AND INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITIES TO THE NATIONAL ECONOMY (A case study of Shell Camp Housing Estate, Owerri, Imo state, Nigeria)

The aim of this research work is to discover how maintenance of buildings and infrastructures can be effected, effectively to help increase the workers output thus increasing labour efficiency and increasing the income of the nation leading to increased income per capita of the populace. The objectives of this research work are as follows: (a)Have a proper look at the level of maintenance attention that buildings and infrastructures within Nigeria receive.  (b)Now the current building and...

ANALYSIS OF COST OPTIMIZATION OF PORT OPERATIONS (A LINEAR PROGRAMMING APPROACH)

ABSTRACT It is very fundamental that man’s main aim of venturing into businesses of all kinds is to make profit. Though profit tends to grow with time, a better planning, analysis and implementation strategy can in a least expected manner bring efficiency, stability and the much needed profit. The maritime sector of the Nigerian economy is one that has a lot of resources that are been utilized in the course of its day to day operations. The resources engaged in this sector ranges from human...


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