Technology

Research Papers/Topics in Technology

Design And Implementation Of Wireless E-Menu Restaurant Ordering System Final Year Project Report Submitted In Partial Fulfilment Of The Requirements For The Award Of The Degree

ABSTRACT Automation plays a very important role in every field of human life. This project presents a simple design and implementation of a Wireless E-menu Restaurant Ordering System in which the traditional paper-based menu isreplaced by a user friendly Matrix keypad-based menu. The system has Atmega 328P microcontroller which is interfaced with the input and output modules. The input module is the matrix keypad sensor which is placed on LCD (Graphical Liquid Crystal Display) to have a...

Prevalence And Co-infection Of Cassava With Cassava Mosaic Geminiviruses And Cassava Brown Streak Virus In Popular Cultivars In Western Kenya

Cassava mosaic geminiviruses (CMGs) and Cassava brown streak virus (CBSV) cause diseases of major economic significance to cassava in Kenya. The Western region of Kenya contributes about 60% of cassava production in the country. Currently CBSD distribution is being newly reported in the Western region where over 90% CMD incidences have been observed. Transmission studies have confirmed that B. tabaci transmits both CMGs and CBSV. The co-occurrence of the vector, CMGs and the newly rep...

Regenerability And Transformability Of Selected Kenyan Farmer Preffered Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Ecotypes

Cassava (Manihot esculanta Crantz) is a perennial shrub grown mainly for its tuberous roots and provides food for over 500 million people in developing countries. The crop is affected by various biotic and abiotic stresses such as diseases, low protein content and presence of cyanogenic glycosides that result in low production. Management strategies against these stresses rely upon conventional improvement programs, but these are not effective owing to vast limitations inherent to such ...

In Vitro Antiproliferative Activity Of Aqueous Root Bark Extract Of Cassia Abbreviata (Holmes) Brenan

Cancer is referred to as uncontrolled abnormal proliferation of body cells. It is a leading cause of death in developed world and second leading cause of death in developing world. Currently cancer treatment and management is a challenge due to complexity of the disease, toxicity of chemotherapy and unaffordability of treatment. Therefore, it is imperative to investigate complementary and alternative medicine for leads and development of anticancer drugs. Cassia abbreviata has traditio...

Evaluation Of Efficacy Of Coartem And Dou Cotecxin In Clearance Of Gametocytes In Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria

Malaria is a global life-threatening disease in human beings caused by four species of Plasmodium parasites, P.vivax, P.ovale, P. malariae   and P. falciparum.  Among these, P. falciparum is the most deadly form affecting about 240 million people worldwide every year, with 1 million deaths annually, 85% of which occur in children below 5 years of age. Malaria is a health problem in more than 90 countries and each year, between 300 and 500 million new cases are reported w...

Genetic Diversity Of Populus Ilicifolia Populations In Kenya Using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (Aflp) Markers

ABSTRACT Many species in the genus Populus and their hybrids are economically valuable, fast growing, short rotation woody trees for producing wood, fiber, and biofuels, as well as sequestering atmospheric carbon in large plantations and agroforestry settings. Industrial facilities to produce liquid transportation fuels from Poplar feedstock are currently being built in the USA. Populus ilicifolia locally known as Tana River Poplar is the only species in the Populus genus that falls wit...

Optimization of in vitro regeneration and genetic transformation protocol for selected banana and plantain (musa spp.) Cultivars and generation of transgenic banana resistant to bacterial xan

ABSTRACT Banana and plantain (Musa spp.) are important staple food crops for rural and urban consumers and provide a source of income for resource poor farmers in the humid tropics of sub-Saharan Africa. However, banana production is severely limited by both biotic and abiotic factors. Application of conventional breeding for both disease and pest resistance has resulted only in limited success due to the long generation times and the high sterility and triploidy of most cultivated ban...

Project Management Practices And Performance Of Nongovernmental Organizations Projects In Nairobi City County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Achievement of a project means that a number of its perceived factors were attained. It is not guaranteed that project management practices will result to success of funded projects by Micro finance institutions. However, the success of projects largely depends on the way it is managed and controlled. The challenges met during the execution of project management practices has been during project planning, exceeding the set budget and going beyond its set schedule and poor quali...

Characterisation Of Txndc5 As A Biomarker Of Humoral Immunity To Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections In Infants In Kilifi County Kenya

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the single largest cause of severe respiratory illness in infants and children globally. Worldwide, RSV pneumonia is the second biggest cause of post neonatal infant mortality, after malaria, causing an estimated 137,000 deaths/year (6.7% of all deaths in infants). There are currently no licensed vaccines against RSV infection as well as specific treatments for RSV pneumonia. The immunological correlates of severe disease following primary or repeat...

Anti-acetylcholinesterase Activities Of Leaf Extracts Of Carphalea Glaucescens And Gnidia Glauca From Mbeere North Subcounty, Kenya On Chilo Partellus Larvae

The stem borer (Chilo partellus) is one of the major constraints in maize and sorghum production worldwide. Control of Chilo partellus is mainly done through synthetic insecticides which are very expensive and have negative effects to environment and non-target organisms. Farmers in Mbeere use Carphalea glaucescens and Gnidia glauca in control of Chilo partellus because of the high cost of conventional insecticides. However, there is lack of scientific informatio...

Strategies Employed In Uptake Of Youth Enterprise Development Fund Loans In Embakasi South Constituency, Nairobi City County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Although majority of the youths in Kenya know about the YEDF, they still lack essential details about the facilities on offer, especially how to access and property utilize the borrowed funds as there’s no data on loans uptake and performance of youth business enterprises. Against this backdrop, the study sought to determine the strategies employed in uptake of youth enterprise development fund loans in Embakasi South constituency. The study was underpinned by both social net...

Genotype-Independent Regeneration Of Hybrid Maize Cultivated At The Coastal Region Of Kenya

ABSTRACT Maize (Zea mays L.) is the most important cereal food crop in many tropical and subtropical regions. Though the demand is steadily increasing, the productivity of maize has been declining due to several production factors over the past years. Statistics have shown that the world population is expected to double by 2050. With this population growth, food insecurity in the tropics is expected to increase. Therefore, reliable technologies that ensure enhanced production of food cr...

Risk Management Practices and Completion of Women Group Projects in Kitui County, Kenya.

ABSTRACT Projects face hurdles ranging from cost overruns, inefficiency, delays, compromised quality and ineffectiveness in meeting set objectives. The main threat to a project are mainly the expected and unexpected risks. Diligent project management dictates that all risks involved are identified, managed, controlled, mitigated or avoided to ensure a project succeeds. Women groups are mainly composed on interest groups whose background in project and risk management knowledge, skills a...

Antipyretic and antinociceptive properties of dichloromethane: methanolic leaf and root bark extracts of carissa edulis (forssk.)Vahl in rats

ABSTRACT Conventional medications are expensive, not easily available and arguably associated with various severe adverse effects hence the need to develop herbal agents that are effective as a complement. Carissa edulis (Forssk.)Vahl is the herb that has previously made thousands of people flock to a remote Loliondo village in Northern Tanzania, for its cure said to apply to all diseases such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, ulcers, hypertension, and diabetes. Although C. edulis (Forssk.)Vahl is ...

Government And Program Implementation Bodies Policies On Performance Of Women Empowerment Projects In Dagoretti Area, Nairobi County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Women’s social, political and economic empowerment is a prerequisite for sustainable improvement and seasoned terrible growth. Accomplishing women’s economic empowerment calls for sound public regulations, a holistic method and lengthy-time period dedication and gender-specific views have to be incorporated on the layout level of policy and programming. Accordingly, this study was designed to investigate the influence of government and program implementation bodies’ polic...


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