This study investigated the specific literacy difficulties experienced by fourth graders
who previously received instruction in the mother tongue (Otjiherero) at the lower
primary phase and at the time of the study, had transitioned to the upper primary
phase where they receive instruction in English. The mixed method design was used
to collect data. Teachers’ data were collected through open-ended questionnaires,
establishing the kinds of reading instructional methods they are familiar with, which
ones they use when teaching literacy, and their experience teaching children
transitioning from mother tongue instruction to the English medium of instruction at
the upper primary phase. The learners’ decoding, reading, spelling, and
comprehension abilities were assessed to determine the level of literacy and
comprehension skills acquired at the lower primary phase in preparation for the
upper primary phase of schooling.
Results showed that most of the learners experience difficulty with decoding,
reading, spelling, listening, and reading comprehension skills at the upper primary
phase. Furthermore, the results showed that teachers were familiar with three
different kinds of reading instructional methods, all of which they used in literacy
instruction. The teachers viewed teaching transitioning learners as a challenge in that
these learners lacked the English alphabet knowledge and English letter sound
knowledge, resulting in always having to revisit the lower primary phase English
curriculum in order to bring these learners up to standard.
The study concluded that the literacy difficulties the learners experience stem from a
lack of thorough grounding in the basics of literacy learning at the preprimary and
lower primary phases of schooling.
SSA, R (2021). Literacy Difficulties In Fourth Graders Transitioning To English Language From Otjiherero In The Otjozondjupa Region. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/literacy-difficulties-in-fourth-graders-transitioning-to-english-language-from-otjiherero-in-the-otjozondjupa-region
Research, SSA. "Literacy Difficulties In Fourth Graders Transitioning To English Language From Otjiherero In The Otjozondjupa Region" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 28 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/literacy-difficulties-in-fourth-graders-transitioning-to-english-language-from-otjiherero-in-the-otjozondjupa-region . Accessed 13 May. 2021.
Research, SSA. "Literacy Difficulties In Fourth Graders Transitioning To English Language From Otjiherero In The Otjozondjupa Region". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 28 Apr. 2021. Web. 13 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/literacy-difficulties-in-fourth-graders-transitioning-to-english-language-from-otjiherero-in-the-otjozondjupa-region >.
Research, SSA. "Literacy Difficulties In Fourth Graders Transitioning To English Language From Otjiherero In The Otjozondjupa Region" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 13, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/literacy-difficulties-in-fourth-graders-transitioning-to-english-language-from-otjiherero-in-the-otjozondjupa-region