Myths and socio-cultural significance of Oloolu masquerade festival in Ibadan






Chapter one


1.1Background to the Study

1.2Statement of the Problem

1.3.Research Questions

1.4Objectives of the Study

1.5Significance of the Study

1.6Scope of the Study

1.7    Operationalization of Terms


2.0Literature Review

2.1 Culture

2.2Masquerades In Yoruba Land

2.3Socio-Cultural Significance of Masquerades in Yoruba Land 

2.4 Oloolu Masquerade

2.5Theoretical Framework

2.5.1 Symbolic Interactionism 

2.5.2Social Action Theory


3.0 Introduction

3.1 Research Design

3.2 Study Location

3.3 Study Population

3.4 Sample Size And Sampling Techniques

3.5 Instruments and Methods of Data Collection

3.5.1 Questionnaire

3.5.2 In-Depth Interview

3.5.3 Key Informant Interview

3.6Data Analysis

3.6.1 Quantitative Technique

3.6.2 Qualitative Data

3.7 Ethical Consideration


4.0 Introduction

4.1Socio-Demographic Information of Respondents

4.2 Historical Background Of The Masquerade Festival

4.3 Taboos Associated With Oloolu Masquerade

4.4The Significance of the Masquerade in Contemporary Terms

4.5 Experiences of Women Along the Route of Oloolu During the Masquerade       Festival

4.6 Factors Sustaining Oloolu Masquerade despite Modernisation, Westernisation and Metropolitan Nature of Ibadan 

4.7 Theoretical Discussion Of Findings


5.1 Introduction

5.2Historical background to Oloolu masquerade festival

5.2.1Taboos associated with Oloolu masquerade

5.2.2The significance of the masquerade in the contemporary times

5.2.3The Experiences of Women along the route of Oloolu during the Festival

5.2.4Factors Sustaining Oloolu Masquerade despite Modernisation, Westernisation and the Metropolitan Nature of Ibadan




Appendix A – In-depth Interview Guide

Appendix B - Key Informant Interview Guide

Appendix C - Questionnaire

Masquerade festivals constitute a very important aspect of the cultural heritage of the Yoruba people. Oloolu masquerade who is worshipped in Ibadan is believed to possess supernatural powers, hence there are various taboos associated with the masquerade. Previous studies on the Oloolu masquerade have neglected the socio-cultural significance of the masquerade in contemporary times, therefore this study investigated the myths and socio-cultural significance of Oloolu masquerade festival in Ibadan. 

Symbolic Interactionism and Social Action provided the theoretical framework. The research design was cross- sectional survey, while both quantitative and qualitative techniques were adopted. Multi stage sampling technique was used to adopt the appropriate sample size of 215 respondents for the quantitative element while in-depth interview and key informant interviews were used to collect qualitative data. The quantitative data were analysed at univariate level, using simple frequency, tables and graphs while qualitative data were manually content analysed.

The respondents were 52% Female, 50.2% were Muslims, 26.7% were Civil Servants, 65.8% were married and 33.7% had SSCE. Oloolu is a war masquerade who was brought to Ode Aje by Ayorinde, the name Oloolu transcends to power and strength. The taboos associated with him are; he must not see women, he must not prostrate for someone, he must not carry load on his head among others. There is no difference in the way the festival was celebrated in the past and the way it is in contemporary times, as new religion, new system of government, education and technology has not affected the festival in any way. Hence the masquerade still fosters peace, unity and even brings blessings. Also women rarely play any role in the masquerade festival as Oloolu’s routes are neglected by women during the festival because of his taboo. The celebration of the masquerade has been greatly sustained by the government, some individuals and cultural tradition among others.

Oloolu masquerade has remained the same despite various social changes that have occurred in Ibadan metropolis and has continued to offer socio-cultural benefits to the society. The masquerade should be promoted beyond the Ibadan proximity and the populace should be re-oriented on the rich cultural heritage as an important part of their identity.

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Tiamiyu, A. (2019). Myths and socio-cultural significance of Oloolu masquerade festival in Ibadan. Afribary. Retrieved from

MLA 8th

Tiamiyu, Atinuke "Myths and socio-cultural significance of Oloolu masquerade festival in Ibadan" Afribary. Afribary, 31 May. 2019, Accessed 19 Jul. 2024.


Tiamiyu, Atinuke . "Myths and socio-cultural significance of Oloolu masquerade festival in Ibadan". Afribary, Afribary, 31 May. 2019. Web. 19 Jul. 2024. < >.


Tiamiyu, Atinuke . "Myths and socio-cultural significance of Oloolu masquerade festival in Ibadan" Afribary (2019). Accessed July 19, 2024.

Document Details
By: Atinuke Tiamiyu Field: History Type: Project 84 PAGES (20417 WORDS) (docx)