Research Papers/Topics in History

The Indo-Europeanization of the world from a Central Asian homeland: New approaches, paradigms and insights from our research publications on Ancient India

In this paper, we bring together the concepts put forth in our previous papers and throw new light on how the Indo-Europeanization of the world may have happened from the conventional Central Asian homeland and explain the same using maps and diagrams. We also propose the ‘Ten modes of linguistic transformations associated with Human migrations.’ With this, the significance of the proposed term ‘Base Indo-European’ in lieu of the old term ‘Proto Indo-European’ will become ...

Alphabetic scripts and other forms of literacy in PostHarappan India: A logical assessment and inquiry as to the origin and extent of literacy in Post-Harappan India

This paper brings together all available evidence for literacy in Post-Harappan India, still popularly known as Iron age Vedic India, most of which have been endorsed by mainstream researchers in some way or the other in the recent past and brings into attention the need to revise all earlier models dealing with literacy in Post-Harappan India to bring them in line with latest acculturation models and mainstream models of the development of alphabetic scripts. More importantly we refu...

Syncretism and Acculturation in Ancient India: A new Nine Phase Acculturation Model explaining the process of transfer of power from the Harappans to the IndoAryans Part Tw

The concluding part of this paper extends the concepts presented in Part One and provides a century by century view of how the transformation of Harappan India to PostHarappan India took place with maps so that readers can evaluate for themselves how different aspects of Indian culture got formed. Everything in this paper is presented using a figure-it-outfor-yourself approach, and naturally, anyone who refutes one part of this hypothesis, would contradict himself elsewhere. That woul...

Syncretism and Acculturations in Ancient India: A New Nine Phase Acculturation Model explaining the process of transfer of power from the Harappans to the IndoAryans Part One

Part One of this paper provides a case for rejecting the Autochthonous Aryan theory and proposes an alternative to the Aryan Migration Theory, i.e. it examines why the genetic input from Central Asia may have been extremely small and how the Spread of IE language and culture in India might have occurred in trickle in scenarios i.e. when movements of IE speakers were small. It suggests that the IE speakers first migrated into and settled in the northernmost tip of the subcontinent, tr...

Demise of Dravidian, Vedic and Paramunda Indus myths

This paper argues against the Dravidian, Vedic and Paramunda Indus theories, and shows why Dravidian languages, Sanskrit or Paramunda languages could not have been candidates for the Indus Valley Civilization which flourished from 2600 BC to 1900 BC in the North-West of India and Pakistan. Supporters of these three hypotheses are welcome to provide a systematic refutation of all the points raised in this paper. This paper adopts a multi-disciplinary approach, drawing conclusions fro...

Enunciating the Core principles of Twenty-first Century Historiography: Some additional extrapolations and inferences from our studies and observations on Historiography

This paper extends the concepts delineated in our earlier paper ‘Historiography by Objectives: A new approach for the study of history within the framework of the proposed Twenty-first Century school of Historiography’ and uses them to enunciate the core principles which we believe will form a part of the proposed Twenty-first century school of Historiography. This paper therefore strives to provide the vehicular platform upon which the objectives set forth in the aforesaid paper ...

Shellfish Exploitation During The Oakhurst At Authors: Klipdrift Cave, Southern Cape, South Africa

AbstractIntroduction Early evidence for the exploitation of shellfish for subsistence traces back to at least 164 ka during the Middle Stone Age (MSA) in South Africa1 , and by 100–60 ka shellfish were systematically and intensively exploited at a handful of sites2-5. Evidence for the use of shellfish for purposes other than food, such as making containers and ornaments, appears from 100 ka to 75 ka in the southern Cape.6-8 It is, however, possible that many older sites containing shel...

History of Colonial Medical and Health Services in Ibadan 1900 – 1960

ABSTRACT The provision of modern health services was a legacy of colonial administration in Africa. Yet, little attention has been paid to the history of medical and health development in Africa, especially Ibadan, which benefited greatly from the colonial health policy. This study, therefore, examined the changing trends in the growth and development of colonial medical and health services in Ibadan between 1900 and 1960 with a view to highlighting the impact of colonial medicine in th...

Ex-Mau Mau Fighters And Land Issues In Kenya: The Case Of Ndeffo, 1968-2013

ABSTRACT One of the objective of the Mau Mau fighters was to reclaim land that had been lost to white settlers through land alienation. After independence, however, the government of Kenya was reluctant to give the ex-Mau Mau fighters and other landless people free land. Landless Kikuyu therefore formed land-buying companies such as Ngwataniro, Nyakinyua and the Nakuru District Ex-freedom Fighters Organisation (NDEFFO). NDEFFO, a land-buying company exclusively for former Mau Mau fighte...

Body Adornment Among The Samburu: A Historical Perspectives

ABSTRACT Self-adornment plays a significant role in ensuring the continuity of the political and cultural life of pastoralists. This study outlines changes in Samburu body adornment from the pre-colonial period to the present. In the study it is argued that Samburu body adornment in the pre-colonial period was influenced by interaction with neighbouring communities like the Rendille. Colonial policies and mingling of cultures in the post-independent period also shaped Samburu body adorn...

Histological And Morphological Studies Of The Endocrine Organs Of Xenopus Laevis

AbstractXeno p us Lae vis bas pro vided, during the lastten ye ars, the ba s is of a growing body ofphysiological e nquiri e s initiat e d by .Jelly'sr e s e arches on r e fl e x action. Its viability inthe laboratory and amenability to o perativepro cedure in particular, make it a pe culiarlysuitable obj e ct for inve stig a tion. It is r e gre ttable,the r e for e , tbat existing lit e rature on the anatomyof Xe no p us has be en dire ct e d to e lucida ting thosecharact e ristics...

Contributions Of Indigenous Education To Health Practices: A Case Of Bukusu Community Of Bungoma County, Kenya

ABSTRACTHealth problems as a result of changes in health practices of the people and changes inthe environment have been and are an issue of concern. While numerous efforts havebeen undertaken to curb these health problems, little attention has been given to the rolewhich Indigenous education can play in fostering health practices. This has led to gradualabandonment and even extinction of some of the traditional health practices which havebeen shown to have promoted health. This study wa...

An Analysis of Beach Debris Accumulation in Table Bay, Cape Town, South Africa

AbstractTwo sites in Table Bay, South Africa, were examined for stranded debrisbetween October and December 1994. One beach (Milnerton) is a popularrecreation area in the metropolitan area whereas the other (Koeberg) is closedto public access. Daily and weekly accumulation rates were measured for bothsites. A total of 40 041 items were collected, of which 81.7 % was plastic. Halfof this was styrofoam. The maj ority of the debris was related to floatingrecreational litter, packaging m...


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