Nadph Dkf’endknt Cytochrome P-450 Reactions R Mode of Inhibition by the N—Butanol Fraction of Desmodizjm Adsctehdens

ABSTRACT

The n-butanol fraction (nBF) of Desmxhvw adscendens , a plant used for the management of asthma, is' an inhibitor of NADPH-dependent cytochrcire P-450 (CYP) reactions. Its mechanism of action as an inhibitor is however net knewn. In this study, flavoprotein reductase activity, spectral changes associated with binding and spectral properties of reduced cytochrcme c and CYP were used to investigate the mode of inhibition. nBF reduced cytochrcme c but not CYP directly. In the presence of NADPH, the rate of forrration of CYP2* (the reduced form of CYP) was enhanced fcy the addition of nBF. These effects were observed in reactions without substrate, indicating that in the absence of a substrate, nBF does not prevent the NADPH reduction of CYP, but rather enhances it. In the presence of a substrate, as exemplified b/ a spectrophotorretric assay of the ERCD reaction, nBF was found to change the spectrum of oxidized CYP. The results indicate that in the presence of nBF, the binding site of CYP is altered to prevent substrate binding. Therefore, the node of inhibition of nBF relates to substrate binding. nEF could be inhibiting the NADPH-dependent CYP reactions by binding to CYP and preventing substrate binding. nBF could also inhibit the flew of electrons frcm NADPH to substrate-bound CYP fcy interfering with the flavoprotein reductase activity whan it is bound to CYP. On the other hand, nBF could have the same effect cn the rate of reduction of CYP to CYP^’ in the presence of a substrate as it did in the absence of a substrate, leading to the formation of the CYP-Qj-substrate ternary ccrrplex, in which case the effect of nBF would be to prevent the breaking up of the ternary complex to form products, the build-up of viiich causes the substrate to rorem unmetabolized.

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APA

KU, A (2021). Nadph Dkf’endknt Cytochrome P-450 Reactions R Mode of Inhibition by the N—Butanol Fraction of Desmodizjm Adsctehdens. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/nadph-dkf-endknt-cytochrome-p-450-reactions-r-mode-of-inhibition-by-the-n-butanol-fraction-of-desmodizjm-adsctehdens

MLA 8th

KU, AUGUSTUS "Nadph Dkf’endknt Cytochrome P-450 Reactions R Mode of Inhibition by the N—Butanol Fraction of Desmodizjm Adsctehdens" Afribary. Afribary, 07 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/nadph-dkf-endknt-cytochrome-p-450-reactions-r-mode-of-inhibition-by-the-n-butanol-fraction-of-desmodizjm-adsctehdens. Accessed 12 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

KU, AUGUSTUS . "Nadph Dkf’endknt Cytochrome P-450 Reactions R Mode of Inhibition by the N—Butanol Fraction of Desmodizjm Adsctehdens". Afribary, Afribary, 07 Apr. 2021. Web. 12 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/nadph-dkf-endknt-cytochrome-p-450-reactions-r-mode-of-inhibition-by-the-n-butanol-fraction-of-desmodizjm-adsctehdens >.

Chicago

KU, AUGUSTUS . "Nadph Dkf’endknt Cytochrome P-450 Reactions R Mode of Inhibition by the N—Butanol Fraction of Desmodizjm Adsctehdens" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 12, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/nadph-dkf-endknt-cytochrome-p-450-reactions-r-mode-of-inhibition-by-the-n-butanol-fraction-of-desmodizjm-adsctehdens