Post-Junctional Alpha Adrenoceftors in the Anococcygeus Muscle and VAS Deferens: A Comparative Study in Normotensive and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more

ABSTRACT

The characteristics of the post-junctional -aarenoceptors in the isolated anococcygeus muscle and vas deferens were compared in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive rats (NCR).

Responses to CK —adrenoceptor agonists were obtained in the absence and presence of cocaine and of antagonists, Noradrenaline I (NA) and phenylephrine (PE) produced concentration related contrac— tions of the preparations which were antagonised by phentolamine5 prazosin and yohimbine in both rat strains, indicating ^(-adrenoceptor mediation« The effects of cocaine revealed the relative efficiency of the uptake mechanism in each preparation.

In the anococcygeus NA was equipotent in the NCR and SHR in the absence of cocaine whereas it was less‘potent in the SHR in the presence of cocaine, PE was less potent in the SHR in the absence and presence of cocaine.

Antagonism was assessed by pAg and Kdiss determinations, Potencies were compared only when antagonism was competitive in both strains» ln the anococcygeus low concentrations of prazosin (L-Praz) non—competitively antagonised NA but antagonised PE equally and _ competitively in both strains. Higher concentrations (H-Praz) competitively antagonised NA in both strains, Pherrtolamine was competitive against NA in NCR and against PE in both strains, However, it was non-competitive against NA in SHR, Low concentrations of yohimbine (L— YOH) competitively antagonised NA and PE in both the NCR and SHR but the Kd^ss values were significantly different. Higher concentrations (H—YOH) was competitive against NA in the NCR and PE in both strains. In the vas L-Praz competitively antagonised both NA and PE in the NCR but gave non—competitive antagonism of both strains in the SHR, Phentolamine antagonised NA cornpetitively in the NCR but non-competitively in the SHR« It was eauipotent and competitive against PE in both strains, L— YOH non-competitively antagonised NA and PE in the NCR but in the SHR it was competitive, H-YOH antagonism was non—competitive against both NA and PE in both strains, It is suggested that there rrdght be both the O^.j— and post—junctional adrenoceptor in the NCR anococcygeus muscle, Prazosin and yohimbine seem to be able to differentiate between the two receptor subtypes at low concentrations.

It is suggested further that the (X 2~ subpopulation might not possess identical characteristics in the NCR and SHR anococcygeus. Also, there might be an alteration in NA uptake properties in the SHR, In the NCR vas deferens there seems to be a predominance of post-junctional O^-adrenoceptors, In the SHR vas, there might be an increase in the post-junctional 0(, -adrenoceptor Population and/or sensitivity, Furthermore, it seems that the post— 0 junctional (X^-adrenoceptor characteristics are somewhat different in the SHR, Uptake^ is suggested to be less efficient in the SHR vas.

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more
Overall Rating

0

5 Star
(0)
4 Star
(0)
3 Star
(0)
2 Star
(0)
1 Star
(0)
APA

The Public Access, L (2021). Post-Junctional Alpha Adrenoceftors in the Anococcygeus Muscle and VAS Deferens: A Comparative Study in Normotensive and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 10, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/post-junctional-alpha-adrenoceftors-in-the-anococcygeus-muscle-and-vas-deferens-a-comparative-study-in-normotensive-and-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats

MLA 8th

Library, The Public Access. "Post-Junctional Alpha Adrenoceftors in the Anococcygeus Muscle and VAS Deferens: A Comparative Study in Normotensive and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 01 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/post-junctional-alpha-adrenoceftors-in-the-anococcygeus-muscle-and-vas-deferens-a-comparative-study-in-normotensive-and-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats . Accessed 10 Apr. 2021.

MLA7

Library, The Public Access. "Post-Junctional Alpha Adrenoceftors in the Anococcygeus Muscle and VAS Deferens: A Comparative Study in Normotensive and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 01 Apr. 2021. Web. 10 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/post-junctional-alpha-adrenoceftors-in-the-anococcygeus-muscle-and-vas-deferens-a-comparative-study-in-normotensive-and-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats >.

Chicago

Library, The Public Access. "Post-Junctional Alpha Adrenoceftors in the Anococcygeus Muscle and VAS Deferens: A Comparative Study in Normotensive and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 10, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/post-junctional-alpha-adrenoceftors-in-the-anococcygeus-muscle-and-vas-deferens-a-comparative-study-in-normotensive-and-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats