The study intended to examine the challenges facing Tanzanian Sign Language
learners. It, specifically, focused on the examination of those challenges which Sign
Language learners face while learning their language. It also focused on investigating
the causes of challenges facing TSL learners. The study also aimed at finding out
possible solutions towards eradication of the challenges. It was guided by the
Linguistic Interdependence Theory propounded by Jim Cummins (1981). The study
employed a purposive sampling method. The data were gathered through
questionnaires, semi-structured interview, lesson observation and documentary
review from two special Deaf and Hard of Hearing schools in Dar es Salaam and
The findings of the study revealed that, TSL learners were facing a number of
challenges. The language itself was neither taught as a subject to TSL learners nor
examined by schools or NECTA. The research also found that, TSL teachers and
learners were using the normal curricula which were designed for hearing pupils. The
findings revealed further that most of the challenges facing TSL learners were caused
by policies, curricula and lack of awareness of hearing community towards
Deaf/Hard of Hearing matters including their Sign language.
The study, therefore, recommends intensive awareness campaigns for Deaf/Hard of
Hearing matters including their TSL for the aim of changing the hearing
community‟s attitude towards Deaf people. It also encourages the establishment of
new special curriculum for the Deaf which would accommodate the teaching of TSL
as a subject and use it as a medium of instruction to all Deaf schools and units. It is
further recommended that, further researches should be conducted to examine
linguistic aspects of the TSL since the TSL is linguistically a comprehensive
language like normal spoken languages.
SSA, R (2021). The Challenges Facing Tanzanian Sign Language Learners: A Case Of Special Schools For The Deaf. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 10, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/the-challenges-facing-tanzanian-sign-language-learners-a-case-of-special-schools-for-the-deaf
Research, SSA. "The Challenges Facing Tanzanian Sign Language Learners: A Case Of Special Schools For The Deaf" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 25 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-challenges-facing-tanzanian-sign-language-learners-a-case-of-special-schools-for-the-deaf . Accessed 10 May. 2021.
Research, SSA. "The Challenges Facing Tanzanian Sign Language Learners: A Case Of Special Schools For The Deaf". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 25 Apr. 2021. Web. 10 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/the-challenges-facing-tanzanian-sign-language-learners-a-case-of-special-schools-for-the-deaf >.
Research, SSA. "The Challenges Facing Tanzanian Sign Language Learners: A Case Of Special Schools For The Deaf" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 10, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/the-challenges-facing-tanzanian-sign-language-learners-a-case-of-special-schools-for-the-deaf