Research Papers/Topics in Linguistics

On the origin and spread of languages: Propositioning Twenty-first century axioms on the evolution and spread of languages with concomitant views on language dynamics

This paper purports to be a starting point to revisit existing approaches dealing with the origin and spread of languages in the light of the changed circumstances of the Twenty-first century without in any way undermining their applicability across space and time. The origin of spoken languages is intricately and inseparably interwoven and intertwined with the origin of human species as well, and in this paper, we propose a ‘Wholly-independent Multi-Regional hypothesis of the origi...

Towards a comprehensive compendium of factors impacting language dynamics in post-globalized scenarios: Presenting principles, paradigms and frameworks for use in the emerging science of l

The objective of this paper is to present comprehensive principles of language spread that are applicable in post-globalized scenarios, by expanding upon and consolidating our already-published works in which had we studied different aspects of diachronic and synchronic linguistics and language dynamics including language dynamics in India. Admittedly, these principles and theories cannot be comprehensive, inclusive or wide-ranging enough to account for all dimensions of language spre...

The reconfirmation and reinforcement of the Indus script thesis: A logical assessment and inquiry as to the elusive and enigmatic nature of this script

The earliest known example of an Indus seal dates to 1873 in the form of a drawing published by Alexander Cunningham. Since then, thousands of examples of the Indus script have been discovered, and the Indus script has been subject to very serious analysis by many scholars from all over the world and still continues to fascinate, enchant and frustrate innumerable researchers who have made many a vain attempt to understand its true nature and meaning. The nature of the Indus script re...

Why the Indus Script WAS true writing and why a larger corpus of texts existed in the Indus Valley civilization: Simple proof addressed to mainstream researchers & archaeologists

This paper is meant to read together with the paper ‘The reconfirmation and reinforcement of the Indus script thesis: a logical assessment and inquiry as to the elusive and enigmatic nature of this script‘, which was published in the ICFAI Journal of History and Culture in January 2011. In the aforementioned paper, we had clearly shown that the Indus script used in the Indus Valley civilization which flourished from 2600 BC to 1900 BC, was a logo-syllabic script. In this paper, we...

Observations on language spread in multi-lingual societies: Lessons learnt from a study of Ancient and Modern India

The objective of this paper is to formalize and document observations on language spread in multilingual or polyglot societies as understood from a study of spoken and written language in various phases in Indian history starting from the Indus Valley Civilization of Ancient India, the mature phase of which began in 2600 BC, to modern Post-independent India, and formalize them into principles wherever possible,so that these can be used as a basis to make further observations and draw f...

Investigation On The Applicability Of Communicative Approach In Teaching English Language In Primary Schools In Tanzania

ABSTRACT The study aimed to investigate the applicability of the communicative approach (CA) in teaching English language in primary schools in Tanzania. Particularly, the study investigated the attitudes of the primary school English language teachers toward the CA, the adherence to the CA’s principles by the English language teachers and the involvement of the pupils in performing various communicative activities. The research was done in two districts of Kagera Region namely Bukoba...

Technological Devices In Teaching English Vocabulary In Tanzanian Primary Schools: The Case Of Chake-Chake District

ABSTRACT In the recent global educational development, the successful integration of technological devices in English language teaching and learning has proved to be something innovative and potentially beneficial to teachers and learners. In various developing countries including Tanzania in particular, accessibility of technology in language teaching is witnessed although at a small pace. This study has attempted to assess the uses of technological devices in teaching English vocabula...

Challenges Of Using English Language In The Tanzanian Agricultural Sector Case Study: Maswa And Bariadi Districts

ABSTRACT The study investigated the challenges of using English language in the Tanzanian agricultural sector and examined the effectiveness of English – Swahili translation of agricultural information. It was conducted in Maswa and Bariadi districts. It covered farmers, pastoralists, agricultural officers (AOs), veterinary officers (VOs) and agricultural input suppliers/sellers (AIS). Semi structured interviews, questionnaires, in depth interviews and documentary reviews were use...

Genealogical Reconstruction Of The Proto -Luluhyia Language

ABSTRACT A genealogical reconstruction of any language is geared towards the formulation of a protolanguage. The reconstruction of a target language is largely dependent on the current use of its presumed varieties or dialects. In this case, the genealogical reconstruction of the ProtoLuluhyia language was possible through consideration of its dialects. The existing literature shows that genealogical reconstruction of a proto-language for all Luluhyia dialects had not been done. It was, ...

The Role Of Reinforcement On Second Language Learners’ Performance In English In Selected Secondary Schools In Nakuru Town, Kenya

ABSTRACTReinforcement of learners’ performance has been regarded as of little or no consequence in Second Language Acquisition theory and practice. On the contrary, it has always been considered important in education theory and practice. The study investigated how reinforcement of learners may be a powerful tool in the improvement of performance in the English language in secondary schools hence increasing the opportunity of acquiring competence in the language. The study involved describi...

Jinsia Na Kabila Katika Muundo Wa Mazungumzo Na Utendaji Wa Unyenyekevu: Mfano Wa Biashara Ya Miraa Miongoni Mwa Wasomali Na Wameru Mtaani Eastleigh, Nairobi-Kenya

ABSTRACTConversations surround our daily encounters and its the successful conversations that we undertake, that help us conquer the challenges that we face. However, for an interaction to be successful, co-operation while doing turns is needed amongst the participants. Interactants involved in a conversational exchange should try to maintain each other’s self-esteem by employing politeness strategies since social interactions are geared towards co-operation. Therefore, this study aimed at ...

Analysis Of The Morphosyntactic Structure Of Utterances In Dholuo/Kiswahili Codeswitching

ABSTRACT Code switching, the use of any two or more languages or dialects interchangeably in a single communication context, is a common linguistic practice owing to the trend of multilingualism in the world today. The study identified and described the morphosyntactic structure of utterances in Dholuo/ Kiswahili code switching. It was conducted in Nyangeta Zone, Winam Division of Kisumu East sub county, Kisumu County. The study determined the suitability of the MLF Model proposed by My...

Kuingiliana Na Kujalizana Katika Fumo Liyongo, Kifo Kisimani Na Mstahiki Meya

ABSTRACTThis research focuses on establishing the interrelationship of texts in Kiswahili literature which touches on allusion, pastiche and parody in interpretation of Kiswahili literature. The selected texts which facilitated this study are Fumo Liyongo(1950), Kifo Kisimani(2001) and Mstahiki Meya(2009). The objective of this reseach was to demonstrate pastiche, parody and allusion in characterization, plot and thematic structure. The study also aimed at examining the impact pastiche, parod...


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