The major aim of this project research work is to produce emulsion paint from locally sourced pigment & extenders.
The materials used for the production was of local source.
The major raw materials used for the production of the emulsion paint: water, titanium iv oxide, calcium carbonate, kaoline, calgon, natrosol, biocide P.V.A, ammonia, deformer (Ginap) kerosene, yellow iron oxide and red iron oxide.
Emulsion paint of two (2) samples was produced, and calcium carbonate locally obtained was used in larger quantity in order to reduce the cost of production of the paint with little of the expensive titanium iv oxide added.
The first sample was a creamy white colour paint, while the second sample has a result of the mixture of blending of locally sourced yellow iron oxide and red iron oxide. Pigment, that was added to it. The two (2) samples gave high quality emulsion paints in terms of its brush ability, opacity, coverage, stability etc.
Quality control test carried out on the two (2) samples of emulsion paint showed that the local pigment and extenders used (titanium iv oxide, calcium trioxocarbonate iv, kaoline, yellow iron oxide and red iron oxide) fitted in so well in the paints to give the necessary adhesion, opacity and coverage, with excellent binding effect observed.
TABLE OF CONENTS
Letter of transmittal
Table of content
CHAPTER OF ONE:
1.1Objectives of the research project
1.2Scope of research work
1.3Significance of study
2.1Historical review of paint industry
2.2Outline of paint technology
2.3.1Emulsion (water-based) paint
2.3.4Case in paint
2.3.6Linseed emulsion paint
2.3.7Gloss (oil) paint
2.3.10 Making paints
2.5Paint composition and formulation
2.5.1Resins (film formers)
2.5.3Pigments and extenders
2.6Exterior building paints - formulation
2.7Paint qualities and quality control
2.8Description of raw materials for paint manufacture
3.0Method of paint formulation
3.1Raw materials for paint formulation
3.2Raw materials for emulsion paint formulation
3.3Functions of the raw materials
3.4Formulation of emulsion paint
3.5Principles of paint formulation
3.5.1Pigment to binder ratio
3.5.2Pigment volume concentration (PVC)
3.5.4Weight per volume
3.6Process flow diagram (sheet) for production of emulsion paint
3.7Block flow diagram for production of emulsion painbt
3.8Formulea for samples selection
4.0Quality control test
4.1Equipments for quality control test
4.2Quality control tests and results
5.1Costing for sample A
5.2Costing for formulation B
The son standard specification and the test properties of the samples
Formulation for sample A
Formulation for sample B
Manufacture of titanium dioxide from its local ore (ILMENITE)
(2018). THE USE OF LOCAL PIGMENTS AND EXTENDERS FOR FORMULATION & PRODUCTION OF EMULSION PAINT. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-use-of-local-pigments-and-extenders-for-formulation-production-of-emulsion-paint-5169
"THE USE OF LOCAL PIGMENTS AND EXTENDERS FOR FORMULATION & PRODUCTION OF EMULSION PAINT" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/the-use-of-local-pigments-and-extenders-for-formulation-production-of-emulsion-paint-5169. Accessed 25 Mar. 2023.
. "THE USE OF LOCAL PIGMENTS AND EXTENDERS FOR FORMULATION & PRODUCTION OF EMULSION PAINT". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 25 Mar. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/the-use-of-local-pigments-and-extenders-for-formulation-production-of-emulsion-paint-5169 >.
. "THE USE OF LOCAL PIGMENTS AND EXTENDERS FOR FORMULATION & PRODUCTION OF EMULSION PAINT" Afribary (2018). Accessed March 25, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/the-use-of-local-pigments-and-extenders-for-formulation-production-of-emulsion-paint-5169