Tiv Transformational Generative Grammar

Wayas David 13 PAGES (1204 WORDS) Project
Subscribe to access this work and thousands more





"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">ABBREVIATIONS AND TONE MARKING CONVENTION






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB"> The work adopted Welmer’s tone marking

convention which states that only the first of the sequence of syllables on the

same pitch level is marked leaving the subsequent ones unmarked until a

contrasting pitch is reached and get marked. Secondly, two consecutive acute

marks are to be interpreted as high followed by down step in the same word or

across word.(Welmer, 1973).






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">Realised as






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">   

AUX-      Auxiliary






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">    

VP      -  verb phrase






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">    

NP     -   noun phrase






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">So      -  

initial stage






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">Si      -  final

stage






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">   

FSG-  finite state grammar






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">  

PSG      -  phrase structure grammar






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">  

TGG      - Transformational

generative grammar






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">   

SA        - structural Analysis






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">   

SC-  structural change






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">  

SD        -  structural description






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">X / Y      -

variable






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"" lang="EN-GB">










mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-ansi-language:EN-US">TABLE OF CONTENTS






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Title Page       …………………………………………………………………….  .i






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Certification

……………………………………………………………………..   ii






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Approval Page

…………………………………………………………………..   iii






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Dedication     …………………………………………………………………….  iv






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Acknowledgements ……………………………………………………………….. v






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Abbreviations

and Tone Convention………………………………………………...vi






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Table of Contents...………………………………………………………………     vii






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Abstract         …………………………………………………………………….   viii






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-ansi-language:EN-US">CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">1.1     Background to the Study      …………………………………………………..1






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">1.2     Statement of the Problem     ………………………………………………….5






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">1.3     Research Questions …………………………………………………………….5






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">1.4     Purpose of the Study……………………………………………………………6






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">1.4     Significance of the Study     ……………………………………………………7






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">1.5     Scope/ Delimitation of the Study    …………………………………………… 7






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-ansi-language:EN-US">CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.1      Conceptual Approach to Generative Grammar:

An Overview   …………    8






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.2     Theoretical Framework …………………………………………………...   15






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.2.1   Transformation …………………………………………………………      18






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.2.2   Generative ………………………………………………………………… 19






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.2.2.1

Generative Rule ………………………………………………………….. 

20






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.2.2.2

Transformational Rules ………………………………………………… …21






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.2.3    Grammar……………………………………………………………………23






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3       Types of Transformation    ………………………………………………….23






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3.1    Deletion Transformation…………………………………………………….23






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3.1.1Imperativisation…………………………………………………………....25






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3.1.2

Dative Deletion …………………………………………………………… 26






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3.1.3

Deletion under the Condition of Identity …………………………………..27






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3.1.4Relativisation………………………………………………………………..28






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3.1.5

Deletion under the Condition of  Indefiniteness……………………………..28






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3.1.6

Conjunction Reduction……………………………………………………..29






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3.1.7

Affix Hopping………………………………………………………………30






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3.2

Adjunction Transformation …………………………………………………..30






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3.2.1

Extraposition………………………………………………………………..31






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3.2.2 Do

Support………………………………………………………………….32






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3.2.3

There-Insertion………………………………………………………………32






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.3.2.4

Focus and Topicalisation……………………………………………………33






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.4    Relationship between Move Alpha and

Adjunction/ Substitution…………35






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.5      Empirical Studies…………………………………………………………   41






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">2.6       Summary of Literature Review……………………………………………

42






mso-ansi-language:EN-US">CHAPTER THREE: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.0   Preamble………………………………………………………………………   43






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.1   Deletion Transformation in Tiv Syntax………………………………………43






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.1.1  Imperativisation……………………………………………………………… 46






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.1.2   Equi NP Deletion………………………………………………………….   49






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.1.2   Equi VP Deletion……………………………………………………………52






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.1.3   Deletion under the Condition of  Indefiniteness……………………………54






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.1.4   Relativisation………………………………………………………………..54






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.1.5   Affix Hopping…………………………………………………………… …56






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.2    Adjunction Transformation in Tiv Syntax…………………………………….56






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.2.1

Extraposition………………………………………………………………..  

58






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.2.2

“kwagher/or er” Insertion……………………………………………….. ….59






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.2.3 Yes/No

Question in Tiv………………………………………………………60






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.2.4

Reflexivisation………………………………………………………………..61






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">3.2.5

Focusing and Topicalisation………………………………………………….63






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-ansi-language:EN-US">CHAPTER FOUR: FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">4.1  Findings…………………………………………………………………65






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">4.2  Recommendation……………………………………………………......65






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">4.3  Contributionof the Study………………………………………………65






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">4.4 Conclusion……………………………………………………………   66






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> References…………………………………………………………………    






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US"> 






mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Abstract






mso-ansi-language:EN-US">This research examines Tiv Transformational generative

syntax with focus on deletion and adjunction. Deletion and

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more
Overall Rating

0

5 Star
(0)
4 Star
(0)
3 Star
(0)
2 Star
(0)
1 Star
(0)
APA

Wayas, D (2018). Tiv Transformational Generative Grammar. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 06, 2020, from https://afribary.com/works/tiv-transformational-generative-grammar-7155

MLA 8th

David, Wayas. "Tiv Transformational Generative Grammar" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/tiv-transformational-generative-grammar-7155 . Accessed 06 Apr. 2020.

MLA7

David, Wayas. "Tiv Transformational Generative Grammar". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 06 Apr. 2020. < https://afribary.com/works/tiv-transformational-generative-grammar-7155 >.

Chicago

David, Wayas. "Tiv Transformational Generative Grammar" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed April 06, 2020. https://afribary.com/works/tiv-transformational-generative-grammar-7155