environmental microbiology topics

There are different aspects of microbiology research. There’s food microbiology research, ecological and environmental microbiology research etc.  If you are looking to gather some research topics in ecological and environmental microbiology we hope this article points you towards the right direction.

 

What is Ecological and Environmental Microbiology research?

 

This is the research/study around microorganisms, their relationship with each other and their environment, their effects on their environment and implications for human health. That is a brief explanation as environmental microbiology basically extends a lot more.

For instance environmental microbiology looks into how microbes can be used to solve global issues such as cleaning up oil spills, creating medicines, water purification solutions etc.

 

How You Can Use Afribary to find relevant topics in ecological and environmental microbiology research.

 

If you already have specific environmental microbiology topics you want to research on, you may try searching for relevant materials on the Afribary database/research library.

finding materials for environmental microbiology topics

(a) Visit Afribary’s Microbiology research topics page

(b) If you have specific keywords, ideas or topics in mind you can use the search bar to enter your queries (see image above)

 

Research Topics in Ecological and Environmental Microbiology.

 

Also here are some quick and available research topics in ecological and environmental microbiology

Petroleum is a major source of energy in the world and Nigeria is one of the major oil producing countries. Petroleum production and operations are often accompanied with serious ecological problems. Oil exploitation, exploration, transportation, consumption, attendant spills and disposals are some of the ways in which oil pollutants get into aquatic and soil environments.

The present experiment aims at investigating the growth behaviour of different yeast strains inselected carbon, nitrogen and stress environment to obtain strains with prospects for industrialapplication.   Specifically,   the   study   is   set   to:   isolate   yeast   from   decaying   mango   fruit   anddetermine growth performance of yeast strains in different environments, carbon, nitrogen andstressors

Indigenous bacteria in the soil environment can produce a wide range of solvents and metabolites more efficiently. This study was carried out to screen Clostridium species isolated from the soil environment within Jos metropolis for solvent production. A total of 30 samples were collected from farmlands, nursery gardens, floral gardens and waste disposal sites. The pH, temperature and moisture content at various locations was determined.

Sustainable mango production will rely increasingly on alternatives to conventional chemical insecticides that are environmentally friendly for the management of fruit flies. The use of microbial control agents such as fungi in pest suppression is considered suitable since micro-organisms usually exert low environmental impact and are target specific. Application methods of bio-pesticides in the environment, which use minimal amount of inoculum is currently under improvement from inundative to auto-inoculative methods.

Fossil fuel, a main but dwindling energy source for automobiles, causes emission of environment unfriendly oxides of carbon. These contribute substantially to greenhouse gases which bring about climate change. There is therefore the need for sustainable source of energy like ethanol an environmental friendly bioenergy. Hence this study was aimed at the fermentation of cocoa pod husk for ethanol production

Effect of different carbon sources on the growth of antimicrobial producing Bacillus species in ogiri-egusi sold in Ogbeta, Orie, Artisian, Kenyatta, Enugu State were evaluated using standard microbiological and analytical methods. 12 bacteria were isolated and identified such as Bacillus subtilis,(33.33), Bacillus pumulis (41.66), Bacillus licheniformis (25) were identified based on their colony biochemical characteristics.The isolates of the highest occurrences is bacillus pumilus.

Presence of Escherichia coli from water supplied by water tanker suppliers in Enugu City was determined.  Out of eight different water tanker supplies examined which were designated alphabetically as A, B, C, D, E, F, and H. Escherichia coli was isolated from four tanker suppliers. The membrane filtration technique was used and the presumptive test showed other bacteria such as Klebsiella spp and Bacillus spp  were seen growing in the MacConkery agar.

Polyurethane is a non-easily degradable synthetic polymer used as packaging material. Its presence and durability in the environment pose global disposal and degradation problem. Polyurethane releases toxic substances with carcinogenic or mutagenic potential during burning in dumpsites. An alternative to burning of waste materials is the use of microorganisms to degrade them. However, little is known about microbial degradation of polyurethane. Therefore, microbial degradation of polyurethane was investigated as an alternative treatment and management method.

Water contamination is one of the major causes of water borne diseases worldwide. In Kenya, approximately 43% of people lack access to potable water due to human contamination. Physicochemical and biological factors influence microbial community and quality of water. Residents in Bungoma County depend on river Kuywa water for domestic and agricultural use. The river water is currently experiencing contamination due to human activities such as farming and disposal of industrial and domestic wastes.

Crickets are drawing interest as sustainable source of protein for food and feed worldwide. However, there is little information on microbial quality of edible crickets thus the need for a profound insight into their safety. The objective of the study was to determine the microbial load of two edible cricket species Scapsipedus marginatus and Gryllus bimaculatus and to evaluate the efficiency of different processing methods (boiling, sun-drying, freeze-drying, snap freezing and deep frying) in reducing microbial counts.

Polyamide-6 (also known as nylon-6) is one of the biodegradation-resistant synthetic polymers used in the manufacturing of commodity plastic materials. The environmental effects of the persistence of this material in landfill and on surface water bodies pose global problems that endanger public health. Knowledge of the microbial distribution and pattern of their interaction with these plastics will provide the biological resources and scientific basis for the development of sustainable disposal and treatment method.

The microbial quality of materials and final products of Chemical and Allied Products Limited (CAPL), rentable paint industry in Lagos area were analyzed. The bacterial population in the fresh paint samples monitored at two weeks intervals for a period of ten months ranged from 16x 10 – 7×10 ml while the fungal population ranged from 10 x 10-55 x 10 cfu/ml. The isolated bacterial sits were identified as Bacillus polymyxa, B. brevis, B.laterosporus, Proteus mirabilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Lactobacillus gasseri and L.brevies based on standard cultural and biochemical techniques and isolates phenotypic profiles, using the Analytical Profile Index (APT) ID 32 E test systems.

Avocado plants (Persea americana Mill.) belongs to the family lauraceae. Avocado fruit has high amounts of fats and proteins, high dietary fibre, vitamins and potassium. It is known to be the most nutritious of all the fruits. The most devastating pathogen of avocado plants is a fungal species, Phytophthora cinnamomi which cause avocado root rot. The fungus is the most widely distributed of Phytophthora species.

Crickets are drawing interest as sustainable source of protein for food and feed worldwide. However, there is little information on microbial quality of edible crickets thus the need for a profound insight into their safety. The objective of the study was to determine the microbial load of two edible cricket species Scapsipedus marginatus and Gryllus bimaculatus and to evaluate the efficiency of different processing methods (boiling, sun-drying, freeze-drying, snap freezing and deep frying) in reducing microbial counts.

Sustainable mango production will rely increasingly on alternatives to conventional chemical insecticides that are environmentally friendly for the management of fruit flies. The use of microbial control agents such as fungi in pest suppression is considered suitable since micro-organisms usually exert low environmental impact and are target specific. Application methods of bio-pesticides in the environment, which use minimal amount of inoculum is currently under improvement from inundative to auto-inoculative methods.

The microbiological and physicochemical characteristics of soil receiving palm oil processing waste (POPW) in Abraka were investigated. The effect of palm oil processing waste was tested on loamy, sandy and clay soils. The pour plate technique was used for the isolation of the organisms. The total mean bacterial count ranged from 0.91±0.03log10CFU/g to 6.13±0.06log10CFU/g for loamy soil, 0.90±0.02log10CFU/g to 6.09±0.02log10CFU/g for sandy and 0.72±0.04 to 6.0±0.02log10CFU/g for clay soil.

Petroleum is a major source of energy in the world and Nigeria is one of the major oil producing countries. Petroleum production and operations are often accompanied with serious ecological problems. Oil exploitation, exploration, transportation, consumption, attendant spills and disposals are some of the ways in which oil pollutants get into aquatic and soil environments.

Contamination of land and water bodies by crude oil and refined petroleum products is a major challenge worldwide. Indiscriminate disposal of crankcase oil into the environment has increased hydrocarbon pollution in Nigeria. Microorganisms have been identified as major contributors in fighting pollution. The remediation ability of bacteria isolated from hydrocarbon contaminated organic rich soil has not been fully investigated.

The cut-flower industry is one of the fastest growing sub-sectors of the horticultural industry contributing significantly to the continued growth of Kenyan economy. Roses are the most popular cut-flowers world-wide. Rose flower production in Kenya faces significant challenges particularly with regard to pests and diseases.

Lake Victoria is the main source of water in Homa Bay town as well as the surrounding community. Increase in population in the resent past has led to intensified human activities with a possible compromise on the sanitation standards around the town consequently resulting into increased fecal load to the lake through fecal pollution. Increased fecal contamination of the lake has consequently led to an increase in pathogenic microorganisms including waterborne enteric viruses.

Bacteriological and physicochemical properties of drinking water (tap, well and borehole) in Sokoto metropolis were investigated to determine the level of contamination and the persistence of target organisms. A total of 270 samples comprising of 90 well water samples, 90 tap water samples and 90 boreholes water samples were obtained from some parts of Sokoto metropolis and analyzed using standard procedures.

Three types of sachet water samples and three types of borehole water samples all from Owerri Municipal, Imo State were collected and analyzed for physicochemical parameters. A total of twenty (21) parameters including Odour, Colour, pH, Conductivity, Acidity, Alkalinity, Total Solids, Dissolved Solids, Suspended Solids, Dissolved Oxygen (D.O), Chemical Oxygen Demand (C.O.D), Calcium, Copper, Iron, Manganese, Lead, Chloride, Nitrate, Zinc, Magnesium and sulphate were analyzed.

You can find more relevant environmental microbiology topics here. Browse through the hundreds of research topics or search for specific topics/materials.

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