Dietary Practices And Nutritional Status Of Malariainfected And Non-Infected Children Of Age 6-36 Months In Bondo District, Siaya County, Kenya

ABSTRACT

Plasmodium falciparun, the deadliest malaria parasite, comprises 96% of malaria infections in Kenya, with Lake Victoria basin‟s prevalence at above 38%. The coexistence of malaria and anaemia in pre-school children is a public health problem in Bondo District. Malaria mortality increases with severity of under nutrition, with severely malnourished children being more likely to die from malaria than their well nourished counterparts. There are few studies comparing dietary practices and nutritional status of malaria-infected and non-infected children, aged 6-36 months, thus the purpose of the study. It was a comparative cross-sectional and analytical study. Simple random sampling was done to obtain a sample of 128 children (64 malaria-infected and 64 non-infected). Anthropometric measurements were taken, interviews were conducted with children‟s caregivers and biochemical tests done for HIV status, malaria and anaemia. Dietary intake information was collected using a 24- hour dietary recall and food frequency questionnaire. The researcher administered structured questionnaires and used them to collect demographic, socio-economic and environmental information. Nutritional status was assessed as wasting, underweight and stunting using the Z scores of WHO growth standards 2006. SPSS, Nutri-survey and ENA for SMART computer software programmes were used for data entry and analysis. Pearson‟s correlation coefficient was used to establish relationships between continuous data such as education, nutritional status, dietary intake and household income. Student t-test was used to compare normally distributed continuous data while the Chi-square tests were done to test relationships between malaria and nutritional status. Logistic regression analysis was done to identify factors associated with malaria and malnutrition. The study revealed that both malaria-infected and noninfected children‟s dietary practices were sub-optimal in line with WHO recommendations. For dietary diversity, 23.4% of malaria-infected and 29.7% of noninfected children were fed 4 or more food groups. For food frequency, 21.3% of children aged 6-8 months and 3.7% of 9-24 months were fed as recommended by WHO. Malaria-infected and non-infected children were malnourished in terms of wasting, underweight, stunting and anaemia. Almost thirty percent (29.7%) malariainfected and 14.0% of non-infected were wasted while 28.1% malaria-infected and 12.5% non-infected were underweight. Stunting was 28.1% among malaria-infected and 23.4% among the non-infected. Anaemia was common, as 92.2% of children in both groups were deficient with haemoglobin below 10.9 g/dl (WHO). Socioeconomic factors related to malaria and nutritional status were: level of education of caregivers, household income and types of housing (p

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APA

OJURO, M (2021). Dietary Practices And Nutritional Status Of Malariainfected And Non-Infected Children Of Age 6-36 Months In Bondo District, Siaya County, Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/dietary-practices-and-nutritional-status-of-malariainfected-and-non-infected-children-of-age-6-36-months-in-bondo-district-siaya-county-kenya

MLA 8th

OJURO, MILDRED "Dietary Practices And Nutritional Status Of Malariainfected And Non-Infected Children Of Age 6-36 Months In Bondo District, Siaya County, Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 30 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/dietary-practices-and-nutritional-status-of-malariainfected-and-non-infected-children-of-age-6-36-months-in-bondo-district-siaya-county-kenya. Accessed 27 May. 2024.

MLA7

OJURO, MILDRED . "Dietary Practices And Nutritional Status Of Malariainfected And Non-Infected Children Of Age 6-36 Months In Bondo District, Siaya County, Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 30 May. 2021. Web. 27 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/dietary-practices-and-nutritional-status-of-malariainfected-and-non-infected-children-of-age-6-36-months-in-bondo-district-siaya-county-kenya >.

Chicago

OJURO, MILDRED . "Dietary Practices And Nutritional Status Of Malariainfected And Non-Infected Children Of Age 6-36 Months In Bondo District, Siaya County, Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 27, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/dietary-practices-and-nutritional-status-of-malariainfected-and-non-infected-children-of-age-6-36-months-in-bondo-district-siaya-county-kenya