Research Papers/Topics in Nutrition And Dietetics

Anthropometric Indices And Cognitive Performance Of Preschool Children In Nsukka Rural And Urban Areas Of Enugu State, Nigeria.

AbstractThis study assessed the nutritional status and cognitive performance of preschool childrenaged 3-5 years in urban and rural areas of Nsukka in Enugu State, Nigeria. A total of 400pre-school children aged 3-5 years were involved. Four schools in Nsukka LocalGovernment Area of Enugu State were selected by multistage sampling technique. Twoschools each were randomly selected from the list of schools in the Nsukka rural and urbanareas. The study collected data on child related facto...

Chemical Composition Of Processed Tender Leaves And Husks Of Cowpea And Organoleptic Attributes Of Their Soups As Consumed In Tiv Communities, Benue State, Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe study examined the chemical composition of fresh, sundried tender leaves and husks of cowpea‘Adengee’ (Vigna unguiculata) and organoleptic attributes of their traditional soups. Information onprocessing, preparation and utilization of soup meals based on cowpea leaves and husks were obtainedduring the focus group discussion. The tender leaves and husks were parboiled and sundried.Proximate, micronutrients, phytochemicals and antinutrient levels were determined using st...

Effects Of Processing Techniques On Chemical, Functional And Microbial Properties Of Two Varieties Of Lima Bean (Phaseolus Lunatus) And Maize (Zea Mays) Flours And Sensory Properties Of Their

AbstractThis study evaluated the effects of different domestic food processing techniques on thenutrients, antinutrients, food toxicants composition, functional properties, microbial types andsensory properties of food products based on two varieties of lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus).Black and dark red varieties of lima bean were purchased, cleaned, cooked, soaked, dehulled,germinated, fermented and milled into fine flours. Both the unprocessed and processed flourswere analysed for mic...

The Chemical Composition And Organoleptic Attributes Of Lesser-Known Vegetables As Consumed In Njikoka Local Government Area, Anambra State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACTThis study determined the chemical composition and organoleptic attributes of three selected vegetablesconsumed in Njikoka local government area, Anambra state, Nigeria. The vegetables used for the studywere Ipomea batatas, Portulaca olercea and Corchorus tridens purchased from local market in Enugwu-Ukwu, Njikoka local government area, Anambra State, Nigeria. The vegetables were processed (sun andshade dried). The fresh samples served as the controls. Nine yam dishes based on fr...

Factors Associated With Anaemia Among Pregnant Women: A Case Study Of Mandera County Referral Hospital

Anaemia is the most common medical related disorder during pregnancy, and has become a major health related problem in a large number of developing nations, mainly where deficiency in nutrition, worm infestation and malaria are common. Both pregnant and nonpregnant women are affected by this disorder. Even so, most women lack adequate knowledge regarding causes of anaemia in pregnancy as the most commonly cited cause is inadequate iron. This study sought to determine factors associated ...

Assessing The Nutritional Status And Selected Indigenous Foods Of People In Two Communities In Abia State

ABSTRACTThis study assesses the nutritional status and traditional foods of indigenous people in two communities in Abia State. As a result of the high rate of food insecurity within the indigenous people, local food resources required investigation to identify food use. Secondly to develop food based strategies to combat malnutrition. The study also assesses some indigenous foods with a focus on their seasonality and attributes in two communities in Abia State. It de...

Maternal Determinants Of Birth Weight Status Of Newborns At Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Teaching And Referral Hospital, Kisumu County, Kenya

ABSTRACTLow Birth Weight (LBW) is a serious public health problem, especially in developingcountries. Globally, 15.5% of all births are born LBW and 95.6% of them occur indeveloping countries. In Kenya, 8% of babies are born LBW and at Jaramogi Oginga OdingaTeaching and Referral Hospital (JOOTRH) it is 11.1%. Despite several efforts such asantenatal care services put in place to improve the quality of maternal and child health, therates of LBW are still high. LBW is a major cause of mortality...

Alochol Fatty Disease - ALD

ABSTRACT Unnecessarily high alcohol consumption is linked to a range of diseases, from common steatosis to steatohepatitis, cirrhosis, and, in some situations, hepatocellular carcinoma. Although the histological description of alcoholic steatohepatitis varies, one common characteristic is the presence of shrinking hepatocyte degeneration. Perivenular, centrilobular, and pericellular fibrosis are all present in varying degrees. There may be precirrhotic portal hypertension if the condi...

The Development Of A Photographic Food Atlas With Portion Sizes Of Commonly Consumed Carbohydrate Foods In Accra, Ghana

ABSTRACT THE DEVELOPMENT OF A PHOTOGRAPHIC FOOD ATLAS WITH PORTION SIZES OF COMMONLY CONSUMED CARBOHYDRATE FOODS IN ACCRA GHANA Background: The photographic food atlas, a portion size measurement aid has been used to estimate, quantify, educate and counsel on appropriate food portions to help improve dietary intake, and achieve a healthy change. Consumption of larger portion sizes is associated with increases in non-communicable diseases (NCDs), however; most people do not know what mak...

Obesity and Hypertension amongst Traders in Ijebu Ode, Nigeria

ABSTRACTMarket traders spend most hours of the day sitting down and involved in many other sedentary activities, conditions which increase the risk of chronic diseases. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of obesity and hypertension amongst market men and women in Ijebu- Ode, Nigeria. A cross-sectional study involving 157 (52.3%) males and 143 (47.7%) females was conducted. Body mass index (BMI) was derived from weight and height measurements; waist circumference (WC) measurem...

Comprehensive Nutritional Assessment, Prevalence And Predictors Of Malnutrition Among Children Aged Below Five Years: A Case Of Chamwino District- Dodoma Region

ABSTRACT Background: Globally, malnutrition is a public health problem and more than one-third of mortality among children aged below five years is attributable to malnutrition. Therefore a comprehensive nutritional assessment for early diagnosis of malnutrition and care is important. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a health facility (dispensary) among children aged below five years of age. A total of 302 children were randomly selected from twelve dispensaries in C...

Knowledge, Attitude And Adoption of Appropriate Infant Feeding Practices of Mothers And The Anthropometric Indices of Their Children in Aguata Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT This study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and adoption of appropriate infant feeding practices of mothers and the anthropometric indices of their children. Three hundred and seventy three mothers who attended infant welfare clinics at the three health settings (General hospital Ekwulobia, Primary health care Ekwulobia, and Primary health care Akpo) all in Aguata L.G.A were involved in the study. The study evaluated the nutritional status of the infants in relati...

Consumption Pattern of Antioxidant Rich Foods by Middle Aged Adults in Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State Nigeria

ABSTRACT This epidemiological study was to elicit information on the consumption pattern of antioxidant-rich foods among middle-aged adults in Enugu North local government area, Enugu State, Nigeria. Four hundred adult men and women aged 40-60 years were used for the study. Multiple- staged stratified random sampling technique was used for the selection of the subjects used for the study. The respondents were randomly selected from 10 streets in the 5 urban zones making up the Enugu ...

Evaluation of Nutritional Status And Dietary Management of In Patients Diabetics in University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital , Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study was carried out using randomized 121 in-patient diabetics in medical wards of University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH) Ituku-Ozalla. The instrument for data collection was structured, validated pre-tested questionnaires, anthropometry and dietary study. Body mass index was calculated for each patient using weight and height measurements. The adequacy of nutrient intake was assessed by comparing the energy and nutrient intakes of patient with FAO/WHO requirements...

Folate And Vitamin B12 Status Of A Rural Population In The Upper Manya Krobo District Of Ghana

ABSTRACT Background: Folate is a B vitamin found in green vegetables and fortified breakfast cereals. It plays a crucial role in the prevention of human diseases including heart disease, cancer, anaemia (megaloblastic), dementia in adults as well as neonatal defects. Despite the numerous benefits of folate, only sparse information exist on the folate status of Ghanaians. There is therefore the need to assess the folate status of different populations in different regions of the country,...


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