Research Papers/Topics in Nutrition And Dietetics

THE EFFECT OF HONEY, WHITE AND BROWN TABLE SUGAR ON LIPID PROFILE AND GLUCOSE LEVEL IN RATS

ABSTRACT  Background: Honey and table sugar are commonly used sweeteners by many consumers. These sweeteners are examples of disaccharide sugar which forms part of the complex macromolecule, carbohydrate. Excessive consumption of dietary sugars including table sugar and honey is associated with several metabolic abnormalities and adverse health conditions such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. There is a general debate by many researchers and consumers that honey is ...

Lipidemia Status And Associated Factors Among Hiv Positive Adult Male On Haart Attending The Hiv Clinic At Kericho District Hospital Kericho, Kenya

It is unfortunate that while Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) has become the standard of care among HIV positive patients, the medications have been associated with metabolic abnormalities recognized to cause lipidemia. The purpose of this cross sectional analytical study (n=310) was to establish lipidemia status and associated factors among HIV positive adult male patients attending HIV clinic at Kericho District Hospital. Purposive sampling was used to s...

Effect of nutrition education videos on mothers’ knowledge and practices on complementary feeding of children 6-23 months, nairobi city county, kenya.

ABSTRACT Optimal feeding of infants depend not solely on what they are fed but also how, when, where and by whom. Inappropriate feeding practices can cause negative consequences on the growth, development and a child’s life or survival in future. Data from a number of countries show that there are lots of efforts to improve child nutrition, but still, there are significant gaps in complementary feeding. In slum areas, there is an indication of little success of complementary feeding p...

Nutrition Knowledge, Dietary Practices And Nutrition Status Of Pregnant Adolescents In Mandera County, Kenya

ABSTRACTAdolescent’s pregnancy is on the increase. This consequently has led to high morbidity, mortality among the born child. Appropriate mother’s nutrition status during pregnancy is essential for both the mother and the fetus. Dietary intake among pregnant adolescents is a key factor that influences their nutrition status and the birth outcome. Nutrition knowledge of the mothers has been shown to affect the dietary practices of the children. However, nutrition knowledge among pregnant...

Impact Of Peanut Supplementation On Cardiovascular Disease Markers In Hiv-Infected Adults With Dyslipidemia Attending Nyeri Level- 5 -Hospital, Kenya

ABSTRACT Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is currently second, after cancer, as the most frequent cause of death among HIV-positive subjects in areas of the world where Highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) is widely available. Dyslipidemia is an important adaptable cardiovascular risk factor that is a widespread clinical feature of HIV-infected patients in the present era of HAART. Peanuts are a rich source of magnesium, folate, fibre, α- tocopherol, copper, arginine and resverat...

Impact Of Maternal Dietary Intake On Breast Milk Composition And Infant Nutrition Status Among Lactating Women In Nyeri County, Kenya

ABSTRACTExclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life, with continued breastfeeding up to 2 years after the introduction of complementary feeds, is considered as the standard norm for infant feeding. Although the benefits of breastfeeding have long been known, studies on the composition of human milk are still ongoing. Considering that breast milk is the sole source of the nutrition for the infant in the first six months of life, it is essential to have accurate and up to date data...

Comparison Of Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices On Exclusive Breastfeeding Between Primiparous And Multiparous Mothers Attending Wajir District Hospital, Wajir County, Kenya

ABSTRACTExclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is recommended up to 6 months of age, with continued breastfeeding along with appropriate complementary foods up to two years of age or beyond. Failure to exclusively breastfeed for six months is associated with increased risk of childhood mortality and morbidity. There is paucity of information that analyses the disparity in Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) among primiparous and multiparous mothers. This study aimed to compare the KAP of EBF betw...

Factors Assiociated With The Continuation Of Growth Monitoring Among Children 10 To 59 Months Old In Nyamira County, Kenya

ABSTRACTGrowth monitoring and promotion (GMP) is a preventive activity that uses growth monitoring, in measuring and interpreting growth. It facilitates communication and interaction with the caregiver to generate adequate action to promote child growth. GMP is meant for children 0 to 59 months of age, but available data indicates that for the majority it stops when immunization is completed at 9 months. Scientific data demonstrates that if growth monitoring (GM) is done appropriately, it can...

Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices On Early Breastfeeding Among Mothers Delivering At Moi Teaching And Referral Hospital In Uasin-Gishu County, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe prevalence of timely initiation of breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth is 43% globally, 48% in Sub-Saharan Africa, 62% in Kenya, and 69.4% in Rift Valley province. The World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations International Children‟s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) recommends initiation of breastfeeding within 30-60 minutes of birth, giving colostrum, not giving pre and post-lacteals and also exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for first six months. Early breastfeeding practices ar...

Status Of Utilization Of Nutrition Information On Processed Meat Products In Making Purchasing Decisions Among Consumers In Nakuru Town, Kenya

ABSTRACTThere has been an increased effort globally to sensitize consumers to read and utilize nutrition information on processed foods in order to reduce cases of diet related diseases. Manufacturers are required to provide adequate and easy to read nutrition information on the label of their products. High consumption of processed meat products has been associated with non-communicable diseases such as cancer, obesity and cardiovascular diseases among others. The economic effects of NCDs ar...

Sources, Content, Maternal Knowledge And Practices On Exclusive Breastfeeding Among Mothers With Infants (0-6 Months) In Kibera Slums Nairobi County, Kenya.

ABSTRACTExclusive breastfeeding (EBF) has been demonstrated to have numerous benefits both to the mother and the infant. Inappropriate feeding practices can have profound consequences for the growth, development and survival of infants and children. EBF protects infants against infections such as respiratory infections, diarrhoea and reduces the risk of the mother developing obesity, breast and ovarian cancer among others. Despite various efforts to promote exclusive breastfeeding, the rate i...

Food Security Status, Dietary Practices And Nutritional Status Of People Living With Hiv And Aids In Homabay Town, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe HIV and AIDS prevalence in Kenya is 7.2%. HIV and AIDS affect the livelihoods of the PLWHA and consequently their food security status. The country’s food security relies heavily on its agricultural production. Food insecurity that influences dietary practices affects about 12% of Kenyans in urban households and the presence of HIV and AIDS worsens the situation. There is limited data available on the magnitude of food insecurity among PLWHA in Kenya and the effect on dietary pr...

Complementary Feeding Practices And Nutrition Status Of Children Of Mother-To-Mother Support Groups Participants And Non-Participants In Kakuma, Turkana County, Kenya

ABSTRACTWorld Health Organization recommends the formation of Mother-to-Mother Support Groups (MtMSGs) to improve nutrition information for mothers. This strategy has been implemented in Turkana since 2008. With limited research on its contribution to improved complementary feeding practices, this study sought to ascertain if there were significant differences in complementary feeding practices and nutrition status of children 6-23 months of MtMSGs participants and MtMSGs non-participants. Th...

Prevalence And Determinants Of Iron-Deficiency Anaemia Among Children 6-23 Months Attending Thika Level-5 Hospital, Kiambu County, Kenya

ABSTRACTIt is evident that iron in childhood is key for proper health and cognitive development as itis required for academic and work productivity in adulthood. Intake of iron rich foods,sanitation, health, economic and socio-demographic factors are principal determinants ofIron- deficiency anaemia (IDA) in children. There is paucity of data concerning theprevalence of IDA in children aged 6-23 months since most studies focus mainly on theselection of iron rich foods as criteria for determin...

Dietary Practices And Nutritional Status Of Malariainfected And Non-Infected Children Of Age 6-36 Months In Bondo District, Siaya County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Plasmodium falciparun, the deadliest malaria parasite, comprises 96% of malaria infections in Kenya, with Lake Victoria basin‟s prevalence at above 38%. The coexistence of malaria and anaemia in pre-school children is a public health problem in Bondo District. Malaria mortality increases with severity of under nutrition, with severely malnourished children being more likely to die from malaria than their well nourished counterparts. There are few studies comparing dietary prac...


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