Research Papers/Topics in Nutrition And Dietetics

Mineral Profile of Infant-Fed Composite Complementary Food Prepared from Miaze (Zea Mays), Soybean (Glycine Max) and Moringa Oleifera Leaves

ABSTRACT This study developed and evaluated infant – feed composite complementary food made from locally available foods which was fed to infants 6-12 months of age. Dried Moringa oleifera leaf was the fortificant. Yellow maize grains were fermented for 48h and oven – dried. Soybean seeds were boiled for 1h, dehulled and oven-dried. Moringa oleifera leaves were shade-dried. All the food materials were milled into fine flours. The proximate, energy, mineral and β-carotene contents of the ...

Evaluation of Food Potentials of Tigernut Tubers (Cyperus Esculentus) and Its Products (Milk, Coffee and Wine)

ABSTRACT The food potentials of tigernut tubers (Cyperus esculentus) locally know as “aki awusa” in Igbo, ”aya” in Hausa and “ofio” in Yoruba were evaluated. The proximate composition of 100g of raw and processed tigernuts showed that moisture content of tigernuts ranged from 4.19 – 51.93 %, crude protein 2.61 – 10.12 %, ash 0.70 – 1.77 %, crude fibre 7.48 – 13.97 %, crude fat 10.79 – 32.06 %, and carbohydrate 22.73 – 56.85 %. Energy values ranged from 232.31- 487.15 K...

Food Consumption Pattern, Anthropometric Indices and Micronutrient Status of Children Aged 6 – 59 Months in Kaduna State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study was undertaken to assess food consumption pattern, anthropometric and micronutrient status of children aged 6-59 months in Kaduna state. A cross sectional survey design was used. A multi stage sampling technique was used to select the subjects for the study. In the first stage, two Local Government Areas were selected from each of the three senatorial districts using simple random sampling procedure. This gave a total of 6 Local Government Areas. In the second stage, purpos...

Relationship Between Forest Cover, Dietary Intakes and Anemia Prevalence Among Women In Selected Communities In Southwest Cameroon

ABSTRACT Background and objective: Forest cover has been associated with better diets and nutritional status. We investigated whether living in close proximity to forest cover was associated with better diet quality and anaemia prevalence among women of reproductive age in Southwest Cameroon. Methodology: Comparative cross-sectional survey of 247 randomly selected women of reproductive age from four forest-based villages (n=126) and four non-forest villages (n=121). A semi-structured questi...

Effects of Infectious Diseases and Malnutrition On the Nutritional Status of Pre-School Children in Selected Areas in Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria

ABSTRACT A research was conducted in some urban and rural areas of Akwa ibom State of Nigeria from August 1990 to July 1991. The objectives were to study the interactions of infectious diseases and malnutrition and their effects on the nutritional status of pre-school children (Study I). The occurrence and distribution of diarrhoeal disease and its relationship to infant feeding practices (Study II) and the influence of socio-economic and environmental factors on the prevalence and severity ...

THE EFFECT OF HONEY, WHITE AND BROWN TABLE SUGAR ON LIPID PROFILE AND GLUCOSE LEVEL IN RATS

ABSTRACT  Background: Honey and table sugar are commonly used sweeteners by many consumers. These sweeteners are examples of disaccharide sugar which forms part of the complex macromolecule, carbohydrate. Excessive consumption of dietary sugars including table sugar and honey is associated with several metabolic abnormalities and adverse health conditions such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. There is a general debate by many researchers and consumers that honey is better t...

Lipidemia Status And Associated Factors Among Hiv Positive Adult Male On Haart Attending The Hiv Clinic At Kericho District Hospital Kericho, Kenya

It is unfortunate that while Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) has become the standard of care among HIV positive patients, the medications have been associated with metabolic abnormalities recognized to cause lipidemia. The purpose of this cross sectional analytical study (n=310) was to establish lipidemia status and associated factors among HIV positive adult male patients attending HIV clinic at Kericho District Hospital. Purposive sampling was used to select the study hosp...

Effect of nutrition education videos on mothers’ knowledge and practices on complementary feeding of children 6-23 months, nairobi city county, kenya.

ABSTRACT Optimal feeding of infants depend not solely on what they are fed but also how, when, where and by whom. Inappropriate feeding practices can cause negative consequences on the growth, development and a child’s life or survival in future. Data from a number of countries show that there are lots of efforts to improve child nutrition, but still, there are significant gaps in complementary feeding. In slum areas, there is an indication of little success of complementary feeding practi...

Nutrition Knowledge, Dietary Practices And Nutrition Status Of Pregnant Adolescents In Mandera County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Adolescent’s pregnancy is on the increase. This consequently has led to high morbidity, mortality among the born child. Appropriate mother’s nutrition status during pregnancy is essential for both the mother and the fetus. Dietary intake among pregnant adolescents is a key factor that influences their nutrition status and the birth outcome. Nutrition knowledge of the mothers has been shown to affect the dietary practices of the children. However, nutrition knowledge among pregnan...

Impact Of Peanut Supplementation On Cardiovascular Disease Markers In Hiv-Infected Adults With Dyslipidemia Attending Nyeri Level- 5 -Hospital, Kenya

ABSTRACT Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is currently second, after cancer, as the most frequent cause of death among HIV-positive subjects in areas of the world where Highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) is widely available. Dyslipidemia is an important adaptable cardiovascular risk factor that is a widespread clinical feature of HIV-infected patients in the present era of HAART. Peanuts are a rich source of magnesium, folate, fibre, α- tocopherol, copper, arginine and resveratrol. ...

Impact Of Maternal Dietary Intake On Breast Milk Composition And Infant Nutrition Status Among Lactating Women In Nyeri County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life, with continued breastfeeding up to 2 years after the introduction of complementary feeds, is considered as the standard norm for infant feeding. Although the benefits of breastfeeding have long been known, studies on the composition of human milk are still ongoing. Considering that breast milk is the sole source of the nutrition for the infant in the first six months of life, it is essential to have accurate and up to date dat...

Comparison Of Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices On Exclusive Breastfeeding Between Primiparous And Multiparous Mothers Attending Wajir District Hospital, Wajir County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is recommended up to 6 months of age, with continued breastfeeding along with appropriate complementary foods up to two years of age or beyond. Failure to exclusively breastfeed for six months is associated with increased risk of childhood mortality and morbidity. There is paucity of information that analyses the disparity in Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) among primiparous and multiparous mothers. This study aimed to compare the KAP of EBF bet...

Factors Assiociated With The Continuation Of Growth Monitoring Among Children 10 To 59 Months Old In Nyamira County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Growth monitoring and promotion (GMP) is a preventive activity that uses growth monitoring, in measuring and interpreting growth. It facilitates communication and interaction with the caregiver to generate adequate action to promote child growth. GMP is meant for children 0 to 59 months of age, but available data indicates that for the majority it stops when immunization is completed at 9 months. Scientific data demonstrates that if growth monitoring (GM) is done appropriately, it ca...

Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices On Early Breastfeeding Among Mothers Delivering At Moi Teaching And Referral Hospital In Uasin-Gishu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT The prevalence of timely initiation of breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth is 43% globally, 48% in Sub-Saharan Africa, 62% in Kenya, and 69.4% in Rift Valley province. The World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations International Children‟s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) recommends initiation of breastfeeding within 30-60 minutes of birth, giving colostrum, not giving pre and post-lacteals and also exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for first six months. Early breastfeeding practices a...

Status Of Utilization Of Nutrition Information On Processed Meat Products In Making Purchasing Decisions Among Consumers In Nakuru Town, Kenya

ABSTRACT There has been an increased effort globally to sensitize consumers to read and utilize nutrition information on processed foods in order to reduce cases of diet related diseases. Manufacturers are required to provide adequate and easy to read nutrition information on the label of their products. High consumption of processed meat products has been associated with non-communicable diseases such as cancer, obesity and cardiovascular diseases among others. The economic effects of NCDs a...


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