Agricultural Economics Research Papers/Topics

Low Cost Tissue Culture Of Selected Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) And Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas (L) Lam.) Varieties

ABSTRACT Drought has become a major contributor to food insecurity in sub-Sahara Africa. Drought-tolerant crops such as cassava and sweet potato can help alleviate this situation. However, lack of affordable healthy planting materials of farmer-preferred varieties is a major constraint to sweet potato and cassava production. Conventional tissue culture technology offers an important solution to this but it is very costly, making plantlets out of reach for resource poor farmers. Hence, it is n...

An Analysis Of Sesame Crop Value Chain: A Case Study Of Kordofan Region, Sudan

ABSTRACT There is an urgent need to improve production and marketing conditions of small holder farmers in Kordofan region of Sudan in order to alleviate poverty and enhance food security. This study was conducted to determine the profitability of the sesame value chain as one of the viable options that can address the challenges of small holder fanners. This study characterized the sesame value chain from producers to processors in terms of material and information flows as well as theinter...

Profit And Risk Management Strategies In Selected Agribusinesses In Imo State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study was designed to analyze profit and risk management strategies in selected agribusinesses in Imo, Nigeria. The methods of proportionate sampling, followed by random sampling techniques were adopted in selecting the Local Government Areas and the sample size. Data were collected with the use of questionnaire administered on 168 agribusiness entrepreneurs (87 food crops and 81 livestock entrepreneurs). The data collected were analyzed using frequency distribution, percentage...

Effect Of Organic And Inorganic Fertilizers On Growth, Yield And Quality Of Amaranths In Kiambu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT An experiment was carried out for two seasons in Kiambu County to investigate the influence of organic and inorganic fertilizer on growth, anti-nutrients characteristics in amaranth species and the changes in the soil rhizosphere. This is because continuous usage of inorganic fertilizer affects soil structure. Hence, organic manures can serve as alternative to mineral fertilizers. Application of pesticides and inorganic fertilizers had adverse effects on nutrient leaching, pesticide...

Economics Of Biological Control Of Cereal Stemborers In Eastern Africa: A Case Study Of Maize And Sorghum Production In Kenya

ABSTRACT The International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), undertook a biological control (BC) programme for control of stemborers from 1993 to 2008, to reduce cereal yield losses due to stemborer attack in East and Southern Africa. The programme released four biological control agents—Cotesia flavipes, Cotesia sesamiae, Telenomus isis and Xanthopimpla stemmator—to control the economically important stemborer pests Busseola fusca, Chilo partellus and Sesamia calamistis. ...

Technical, Economic And Allocative Efficiency Among Maize And Rice Farmers Under Different Land-Use Systems In East African Wetlands

ABSTRACT East African farmers have been facing low crop productivity as indicated by low yields of major staples, maize and rice, leading to food insecurity. As a result, the respective governments have offered solutions such as the introduction of high yielding maize and rice varieties. Farmers have expanded their farms into productive areas such as wetlands in an attempt to increase output to counter the effects of climate change complications, population pressure, and the declining product...

Comparative Analysis Of Productivity And Efficiency In Low And High External Inputs Technology Agriculture In Imo State

ABSTRACT The study was designed to compare productivity and efficiency of Low External Input Technology and High External Input Technology Farms in Imo State. Specifically, it aimed at comparing the socio- economic characteristics of the two groups of farmers as well as their productivities, ascertain the factors influencing aggregate and individual resource productivities, determine production efficiency and returns to scale in the two farm types. The study was conducted in Imo State, Niger...

Analysis Of Value Addition In Commercial Catfish (Clarias Gariepinus Heterobranchus Spp.) Production In Rivers State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT The study analysed value addition in commercial catfish (Clarias gariepinus Heterobranchus spp) production in Rivers State. The specific objectives were to: examine the socioeconomic characteristics of catfish producers in the study area, determine the costs, returns and profit to the various actors in the value addition, determine other sources of income to the catfish producers in the area and identify the constraints faced by the catfish producers in the area. Data were collected...

Analysis Of The Competitiveness Of High Quality Cassava Flour Value Chain In Imo State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT This study assessed the competitiveness of the High Quality Cassava Flour (HQCF)Value Chain in Imo State, Nigeria. The specific objectives were to; describe the socioeconomic characteristics of HQCF value chain players in the study area, examine the composition as well as functions of the stakeholders in the chain, identify and examine the effect of policies on the HQCF in the study area, assess the factors which influenced access to credit by stakeholders in the HQCF value chain , ...

Analysis Of Sustainable Agricultural Resource Use In Nigeria: An Ecological Footprint Approach

ABSTRACT The broad objective of this study was to analyse sustainable agricultural resource use in Nigeria using the Ecological Footprint Approach. The specific objectives included to; estimate the global emergy and emergy density, determine the ecological footprint per capita, analyse the per capita bio-capacity, and ascertain the level of agricultural resource use, sustainability status and resource substitution in Nigeria. The total land area, population and thematic data of the country w...

Analysis Of Small-Scale Cassava-Based Farmers’ Demand And Utilization For Microfinance Banks Credit In Imo State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT The study analyzed small-scale cassava-based farmers’ demand and utilization for microfinance banks credit in Imo State, Nigeria. The specific objectives were to: examine the socio-economic characteristics of small-scale cassava-based farmers; determine the amount of credit demanded and obtained by small-scale cassava-based farmers; estimate the factors influencing the amount of credit demanded by small-scale cassava-based farmers; estimate the determinants on the amount of credit...

Analysis Of Risk Management Strategies Among Rural Cassava-Based Farmers In Imo State

ABSTRACT The study analyzed the risk management strategies of cassava-based farmers in Imo State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study described the socioeconomic characteristics of the cassavabased farmers, identified their sources of risk, and their risk management strategies, determined the effect of their socioeconomic characteristics on the choice of risk strategies adopted, ascertained and compared their profits in relation to their risk management strategies, and identified the constraint...

The Impact Of Education On Productivity In The Commercial Poultry Industry In The Greater Accra Region (Ghana)

ABSTRACT This study examines the impact of education on productivity (output) in the commercial poultry industry. Studies have focused on the role of production inputs including the human capital on agricultural productivity, with little emphasis on commercial poultry production. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 60 production managers of the commercial poultry enterprises in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana for the production period of 1999. The levels of education o...

Assessment Of The Impact Of The European Union And African Caribbean And Pacific Countries Economic Partnership Agreement On Agricultural Trade Of The Sudan With Special Reference To Major Ex

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to assess and evaluate the potential impact and implications of Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) between Sudan and the European Union (EU) on the performance of its agricultural trade. The study depended on secondary data obtained from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of EPA, Ministry of Foreign Trade, Central Bank of the Sudan, Statistics Directorate and other relevant sources. The Armington model was used to estimate the potent...

Effect of Credit Acquisition and Repayment on Agricultural Production in Cross River State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This research was designed to study the effect of credit acquisition and repayment on Agricultural production in Cross River State. The major objective is to study the effect of credit acquisition and repayment on agricultural production in the state. Specific objectives included: determination of credit disbursement and recovery strategies of agricultural credit institutions, determining and comparing agricultural production among beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of credit schem...


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