Research Papers/Topics in Animal Physiology

RENAL TISSUE AND SERUM IMMUNOGLOBULIN G OF HYPERTHYROID RATS

ABSTRACT There are several interactions between thyroid and kidney functions in health and disease states. Thyroid hormones affect renal development and physiology. Thyroid hormones have pre-renal and intrinsic renal effects by which they increase the renal blood flow and the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Hyperthyroidism results in increase GFR as well as increased renin-angiotensin-aldosterone activation. This study was carried out to investigate changes in renal tissue and...

Comparative Nephroprotective Effects of Extracts of Buchholzia coriacea on some Biochemical Parameters in Carbon Tetrachloride-induced Toxicity in Rattus novergicus

Buchholzia coriacea (wonderful kola) is a medicinal plant that has been used worldwide as an alternative medication to promote human health. Comparative nephroprotective effects of crude seed  powder, aqueous and methanolic extracts of B. coriacea in hepatotoxic rats was investigated for 56 days. The crude powder (BCCP), aqueous extract (BCAE) and methanolic extract (BCME) significantly reduced (p

Hypoglycaemic and Hypolipidemic Effects of Black Brand of Lipton Tea (Camellia sinensis) on Normal Male Albino Rats

Recently, considerable attention has been focused on dietary supplements that possess hypoglycaemic and hypolipidemic properties in lieu of the synergistically synthesized drugs like statins and metiform which have been proven to have adverse effects. This present work was carried out to study the potential effects of Lipton tea aqueous extract (LTAE) on normal male albino rats. 36 six male Wistar rats weighing 115 - 150g were assigned into four main groups; each group was divi...

CHANGES IN SOME HEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN DIABETIC RATS TREATED WITH LEAF EXTRACT OF TERMINALIA CATAPPA (INDIAN ALMOND) AND NON-STEROIDAL ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUGS (NSAIDs)

TABLE OF CONTENTTitle                                                                               &n...

Effects of Organic Turmeric on Liver Integrity and Oxidative Stress of the Brain in Rabbits Exposed to Ultraviolet Radiation

This project investigated the effects of organic turmeric on the liver and oxidative stress of the brain in rabbit acutely exposed to ultraviolet radiation. Thirty five weaned rabbits between 8-10 weeks of age, randomly allocated to control (A) and five (5) treatments: B, C, D, E and F were used for this experiment. Treatment A: fed organic feed without turmeric inclusion and not radiated, Treatment B: fed diet supplemented with 2% turmeric as its constituen...

Sampling for Insects

Insects are the most successful and enduring life form on earth and are known to have existed for over 400 million years. They are the most dominant multicellular life form on earth and are represented all over, from the poles to the equator, from the sea surface to the highest peaks and from the deserts to rain forests. It is estimated that insects comprise about half of the earth’s 1.5 million known species (Chapman, 2013; McGavin, 2007). Gullan and Cranston (2014) stated that ...

Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases

I.                   INTRODUCTIONThere has been world wide explosion of infectious diseases with emerging diseases such as HIV/AIDS pandemic as well as old diseases like cholera, tuberculosis, dengue, or malaria. These infectious diseases are on a sudden increase due to many factors amongst which; climate change, transformation of ecosystems, socio-economic problems and Public health systems det...

EFFECTS OF STAGE OF LACTATION AND PARITY ON BLOOD VOLUME AND MILK YIELD IN WEST AFRICAN DWARF SHEEP

ABSTRACTA study on the effects of stage of lactation and parity on blood volume and milk yield in West African Dwarf sheep was carried out using (12) lactating West African Dwarf sheep for twelve (12) weeks of lactation. In the second week of the experiment, the dams were weighed using pocket balance scale. Evans blue dye solution was injected into the animal through the jugular vein and waited for 10-15 minutes before bleeding the animal through the same media. The milk yield were measured i...