Research Papers/Topics in Forestry

The Importance of Forest to Mankind

A forest is a large area of land covered with trees and bushes. It can also be defined as an area of land with high density of trees or a large expense of land covered with trees and a home for wild animals. All forests are either natural or artificial. The natural forest exists on their own while the artificial ones are established and managed by man.Forests cover about 30 percent of the earth’s surface and contain about 3 trillion trees. They exist in dry, wet, freezing cold, and scorchin...

Investigation Of The Properties And Suitable Uses For Four Secondary, Lesser-Used Wood Species Growing In The Blue Nile State, Sudan

ABSTRACT This investigation dealt with determination of some properties and suitable uses for four lesser used wood species grown in the Blue Nile State. Four of the secondary wood species which are available in reasonable quantities in Blue Nile State, but are not in common use were selected for this investigation. The selected species comprised: Sterculia setigra (tartar), Acacia polyacantha subsp. campylacantha, (kakamut), Acacia seyal var. seyal (talh) and Diospyros mespiliformis (...

Economics of Eucalyptus Private Forests Case study: Nertitei and Zalingei – Central Darfur State – Sudan

ABSTRACTEconomic of Eucalyptus Private ForestsCase Study of Nertitei and Zalingei LocalitiesIn Central Darfur StateThis study was conducted during the period 2015 - 2017 in Nertitei andZalingei localities purposely, because most of the Eucalyptus private forests of thecentral Darfur state found in those two localities.The overall objective is to study the economic aspects of Eucalyptus private forestswhile the specific objectives were include: measuring the costs, production, returnan...

Non-timber forest products’ marketing in Nigeria. A case study of Osun state

ABSTRACT Research on markets and marketing of some non-timber forest products (NTFPs) was carried out in selected locations of Osun State. The NTFPs considered are chewing sticks such as Massularia acuminata and bush meat like Thryonomys swinderianus, representing both the flora and fauna aspects of NTFPs, respectively. Five Local Government Areas were randomly selected, namely; Odo-otin, Boripe, Iwo, Irewole and Atakunmosa for the research purpose. A total of 300 questionnaires were...

Effects Of Grilicidia Sepium Intercropping, Rainwater Harvesting And Planting Times On Maize Performance In Kongwa District, Tanzania

ABSTRACT This study assessed the effects of integrating Gliricidia sepium, rainwater harvesting known as chololo pits and planting times on soil moisture, maize growth and yield in Kongwa District, Dodoma, Tanzania. A factorial experiment was adopted to test the effects of planting times (Early, Normal and Late planting), and CSA practices (Maize monoculture, Gliricida sepium intercropping and intercropping with G. sepium and chololo pits. The planting times were Mid-November to Mid...

Contribution Of On-Farm Trees Towards Conservation Of The Biodiversity Of Amani Nature Reserve, Tanzania

ABSTRACT On-farm tree planting has been practiced all over the world in order to supplement reserved forests in terms of wood products. On-farm tree planting was a strategy to reduce pressure in the Amani Nature Reserve (ANR), which is biologically important in the Eastern Arc Mountains and globally at large. The objectives of this study were to assess the contribution of on-farm trees in conservation of the biodiversity of ANR. Measurements were taken from total of 135 on-farm plots me...

The cost of managing forest carbon under redd+ initiatives: a case of kolo hills forest in kondoa district dodoma, tanzania.

ABSTRACT There is no doubt that REDD+ payments can do many activities that lead to deforestation and forest degradation less attractive. However, countries considering participating in REDD+ mechanism, need information on what it would cost them to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. This study was delimited to estimate transaction costs of REDD+ project with the Advancing REDD+ in Kolo Hill pilot project in Kondoa District as a case study. Socio-economic and...

Quality, Stocking And Yield Of Pinus Patula At Meru/Usa Forest Plantation

ABSTRACT A study was conducted at Meru/Usa forest plantation to determine quality, stocking and yield of Pinus patula and factors influencing them. The Meru/Usa forest plantation compartments were categorized into affected and non – affected by root disease and insect defoliators. Systematic sampling method was used to align transect and plots in the compartment. 198 sample plots of 0.04ha were laid and measurements taken for estimation of stem quality, stocking, basal area and volume...

Power Relations Between Upstream And Downstream Common Pool Resource Users: Winners And Losers In The Uluguru Mountains, Morogoro, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Forests and water are important Common Pool Resources (CPRs) in the Uluguru Mountains (UMs). Water connects socio-economic groups of different altitudinal zonation namely upstream and downstream with multiple uses and conflicting interests. Researches have been done on ecosystem value, CPRs depletions and the role of socioeconomic incentives in biodiversity conservation but little is known about power relations underlying upstream and downstream CPRs users. This study therefore,...

Timber Potential Value In The Eastern-Arc Mountains, Tanzania: Nyanganje Forest Reserve

ABSTRACT The study was conducted to determine the quantity of timber and extent of illegal timber harvesting in Eastern Arc Mountains. Data were collected using three techniques: desktop review which was used to collect information on timber stocks from two studies in EAMs while socio-economic and ecological surveys were employed to collect information on timber disturbances and timber stocks harvested illegally in NFR. Data analysis involved use of Microsoft excel and Statistical Packa...

Opportunity Costs Of Redd+ To Communities Of Mufindi District, Iringa, Tanzania

ABSTRACT The main objective of this study was to assess the opportunity costs of REDD+ to the communities of Mufindi District. The specific objectives were, to identify and assess the economic value of alternative land use, the aboveground carbon stock of the sampled forest (Idewa Forest Reserve) under PFM, the profitability of each land use and compare with the REDD+ incentives, and the willingness to accept (WTA) of the communities towards REDD+. Structured and semi structured questio...

Comparison Of Productivity, Cost And Energy Expenditure When Sawing On Pits awing And Portable Platforms In Agroforestry Farms In Kilimanjaro

ABSTRACT Although future increase in timber supply in many countries is expected to come from agroforestry, the problem of on farm timber sawing, physical strain on sawyers caused by “Pitsawing” has to be addressed, to increase timber sawing productivity. This study was aimed at analyzing the productivity and energy expenditure by sawyers when using Traditional Pitsawing Platforms (PSP) and Portable Steel Log Sawing Platforms (PLSP) in agroforestry farms in Kiruweni and Nduweni ...

Forecasting Consumption And Substitution Of Sawnwood Products In The Building Industry In Dar Es Salaam City, Tanzania

ABSTRACT The future consumption and substitution of wood products in the building industry is not well analyzed and examined hence the demand for wood in the industry remain uncertain. The study on forecasting consumption and substitution of sawn wood in the building industry was carried out in Dar es Salaam city. Consumption forecasts of sawn wood for the years 2016, 2021 and 2026 were determined through the income elasticity of the demand forecasting model. The sampling unit was obtaine...

Poverty Traps And Wildlife Conflicts: A Livelihoods Case Study Of Mgori Village Land Forest Reserve, Singida

ABSTRACT Changes of conservation policy from fortress to community conservation aimed at balancing sustainable conservation and rural livelihoods. However, little is known as to how much Community Based Forest Management (CBFM) approach contributed to livelihoods enhancement. Similarly, impacts of wildlife conflicts as a result of successful conservation, and causes of poverty among local communities are poorly known. This study aimed at assessing poverty traps and wildlife conflicts in...

Assessment of the Degradation of Al nour Natural Reserved Forest in Al roseires Locality, Blue Nile State

The study conducted in the Al Nour natural reserved forest of model forests in Blue Nile State. It is characterized by biodiversity such as broad leaves tree and acacias, shrubs and other wildlife and the forest became of place for students programs and researchers. Citizens Staying near the forest and internally displaced persons since civil war broke out in southern Blue Nile in 2011, to led cutting down of trees and led to deterioration. The purpose of this st...


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