Research Papers/Topics in Philosophy

Calibration of High Dose Rate Cobalt-60 Source Using a Farmer Type Chamber in A Locally Constructed Hollow Phantom

ABSTRACT An important aspect of general quality assurance program for brachytherapy dosimetry is source calibration. Vendors assign large uncertainties of up to ±10 % for the stated source calibrated values. It is thus important to check the vendor stated calibration. There are three main methods of calibrating brachytherapy sources and they are the “Free- in – air” method, using a re-entrant(well ) type chamber and using a thimble (Farmer) type ionization chamber in a phantom. The ma...

The Philosophy of Political Liberalism, The Global Order and The Question of Justice

ABSTRACT The issue of transnational justice was made popular in the 20th century by the American liberal philosopher, John Bordley Rawls, who tries to evolve a conception of justice that would be applicable at the transnational level. Unfortunately, his liberal prescription for transnational justice does not provide for any principle of redistributive justice that would be morally obligatory at the international level and, as such, fails to adequately address the question of justice at that l...

Analysis of The Effect of Oil Subsidy Withdrawal On the Economic Growth of Nigeria

Abstract The issue of price deregulation in the downstream oil sector of Nigeria through gradual subsidy withdrawal has generated a heated debate in the country with the government claiming that it will guarantee long term stability in produ� supply and price. This will translate into economic growth and development Others/ especially the organised labour; claim that deregulation will lead to higher product prices/ higher cost of production/ and cut of jobs and will bring about recession i...

Comparison Of Fuzzy And Crisp Classification Trees Using Gini Index, Chi-Square Statistic And The Gain Ratio

ABSTRACT Discriminant (classification) analysis is a classification problem where a new individual is allocated into one of known populations or classes based on the measured characteristics of the individual. Different models are used in allocating the new individual into one of the populations (classes). Some of the models depend on the underlying distribution of the populations, hese are known as parametric models. If the model does not depend on any underlying distribution it is know...

An Evaluation Of Herbert L. A. Hart’s Concept Of Rule

ABSTRACT Hart’s The Concept of Law (1961) argues for a complex legal positivism which finds the source of legal authority in the acceptance by a community of a system of rules which is grounded in a fundamental rule of recognition that determines what is to be included among the legal rules. This sought to offer an alternative explanation to the concept of law differently from the popular utilitarian command doctrine which sufficiently describes criminal law, but is limited in describ...

Network Frames And Their Link To Commitment In Drought Early Warning Information Systems: Evidence From The FEWS NET-KFSSG Anti-Famine Campaign

This study examined the effectiveness of Kenya’s famine early warning information (FEWI) network from 2007 to 2013. The study assessed: presence of collaborative networks (NC), strength of networks (C), organizational commitment (OC), types of information commitments (IC), and perceived impact (PE) by stakeholders at FEWI’s strategy-capacitybuilding-network, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) and the coordination-implementer-network, the Kenya Food Security Steerin...

An Evaluation Of Thomas Kuhn’s Concept Of Paradigm Shift In Science

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to expose and evaluate Thomas Kuhn’s concept of paradigm shift in science with a view to showing that scientific progress is not achieved by appealing to traditional methods of doing science only. Scholars who uphold the traditional idea of science like Rudolf Carnap, are of the view that scientific innovations must exist within a tradition. They forgot that science can also be driven by moral, political and religious beliefs which according to Ha...

ECONOMIC EVALUATION AND POTENTIAL ASSESSMENT OF SOLAR WATER HEATERS IN URBAN GHANA A CONTRIBUTION TO AN ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE FRAMEWORK

ABSTRACTThis project work describes the different methods of analyzing the economics of a solar waterheating system to determine its economic viability and potential in Ghana. The economicvariables in relation to cost that were considered in the analyses are the annual cost of owningthe collector, storage unit and associated controls, the annualized life-cycle cost (ALCC) ofoperating the system, the yearly cost of maintenance, life-cycle savings (LCS), life-cycle cost(LCC), the payback period...

A Philosophical Appraisal of Nonviolent Resistance Movement

ABSTRactNonviolent resistance action has become a strong force against foreign rule, oppressive government, injustice, bad government policies and illegitimate regimes. It is in this regard that this work set out to address this issue by attempting some moral justifications for nonviolent resistance action. This work subjected the conceptions of nonviolence by some scholars to critical evaluations and conceptual analyses. These scholars include David Henry Thoreau who linked civil disobedienc...

The Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Locus of Control Among Well Functioning Adolescents

ABSTRACTThis study investigated the relationship between self-esteem and locus of control among well-functioning Adolescents. A total of 100 Adolescents (55 males and 45 females) selected from senior secondary school were used. The participants were within the age range of 15-19 years with a mean age of 17 years. Three set of instrument comprising self-esteem test (Adenyo & Oyefoso 1985) Locus of control test (Criag, Franklin & Andrew 1984) and Kohn, Brien-wood, pukening & Decicco (2003) were...

Logical Atomism: A Contemporary Philosophical Trend.

This research work “Logical Atomism: A Contemporary Philosophical Trend” will present an analysis of philosophical trend of logical atomism down to logical positivism. This research work will therefore examine what the movement entails and depicts, challenges, flaws, achievement, the gap in knowledge and critique levelled against them. Hence logical atomism and logical positivism will be critically analyzed to see whether it accomplished the aim set out to achieve and how it affect our co...

A Philosophical Exposition of the Concept of Reincarnation in Yoruba Metaphysics

Death is a factual reality that every human being must encounter. However one fundamental question runs through the minds of men, “what happens after death?” when we die is that the end of our existence or is there a continuous existence in another form? There have been various stories about events that seem to suggest that even after death though the body decays, the soul of the person leaves on. This immortality of the soul is either explained as in the case of most Africans, thro...

CAN THE DEAD STILL LIVE: A PHILOSOPHICAL DISCOURSE OF THE CONCEPT OF REINCARNATION AMONG THE YORÙBÁ OF SOUTH-WEST,NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThe belief in reincarnation is, of course, a central theme of many Eastern religions. Belief in rebirth has been reported amongst people scattered the length and breadth of the African continent. Their beliefs ranges from ‘partial’ reincarnation of an ancestor in one or several individuals strictly within the same family, to that of an endless cycle of rebirths linked to a notion of cleansing and refinement of the inner nature. There have been divergent views in response to the qu...

THE CONCEPT OF SURROGATE MOTHERHOOD IN CHRISTINE OVERALLS PHILOSOPHY, AN ETHICAL EVALUATION

A surrogate, which is synonymous with words such as “deputize,” “foster,” and “substitute,” is not a strange word for many persons, even in Africa. It explains the condition that births a person or animal acting as a substitute for the social or personal role of another, such as a surrogate mother. However, commendable as this sounds, the problem of surrogacy in today’s world reached apogee as a result of the misconstrued preconception of familyhood. This growing misinterpretati...

ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN NIGERIA; A RESTORATION APPROACH IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF ROBERT FRODEMAN

Humankind’s quest for the control of nature has led to the waging of unwinnable wars over natural forces and manifestations. Nigeria is challenged by some environmental problems just like other parts of the world and the consequences are alarming as damages done to the environment have become evidently noticeable. Nigeria has a total land area of 983,213 square kilometers occupied by about 120 Million people and the interaction of these millions of people with the environment has left an in...


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