Research Papers/Topics in Climate Change

IMPACT OF GAS FLARING ON CLIMATE CHANGE (A CASE STUDY OF NIGER DELTA REGION OF NIGERIA)

Gas flaring is the burning of natural gas and petroleum hydrocarbons in flare stacks by upstream oil companies in oil fields during operations. Gas flaring is the most common source of global warming and contributes to emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen (II) oxide (NO) and methane (CH4) which have the propensity of causing climate change and ecological disturbances or destruction. The study assessed the impact of gas flaring on climate change using both primary and secondary data....

Climate Change Awareness and Coping Strategies of Cocoa Farmers in Rural Ghana

The study assessed the perception of farmers on the awareness, causes and impact of climate change on their farming activities. The study further identifies and describes the various coping strategies adopted by farmers and ways of improving upon them to effectively tackle change in climatic conditions. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, such as frequencies, and percentages. The other key technique that was employed to address the objective includes the Chi squ...

Climate Model Simulation and Projections of Precipitation Changes Over West Africa

ABSTRACT Changes in precipitation characteristics have been identified to exert profound socio-economic consequences over West Africa. This study analysed climate model simulation and projections of precipitation changes over West Africa using the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM with Lat-Lon resolution of 1.89° by 2.5°). The skill of the model in reproducing the observed precipitation was evaluated for the present-day (1980-2005), its bias and relationship was determined using satellit...

Implication of Changing Climatic Conditions On the Livelihoods of Smallholder Pineapple Farmers in Akuapim South Municipality

ABSTRACT  Changing climatic trends pose problems for agriculture-dependent livelihoods in SubSaharan Africa. In Ghana, Smallholder pineapple farmers in the Akuapim South Municipality are often considered vulnerable to the changing climatic conditions as a result of their farms being located in marginal soils, their insecure land tenure, and their participation in unpredictable world export markets. Analyzing how smallholder pineapple farmers in the municipality perceive climate variability a...

Assessing The Vulnerability of Coastal Communities to The Impacts of Climate Change: A Case Study of the Anloga Community

ABSTRACT  In recent years, global warming/climate change has caused many glaciers to melt with the subsequent rising of sea levels. This has put many coastal communities all over the world especially those in developing countries at risk. The vulnerability of these communities to the impacts of climate change depends on many factors including environmental and socio-economic factors. This study sought to assess the vulnerability of coastal communities in Ghana to the impacts of climate chang...

Implications Of Conservation Agroforestry On Carbon Sequestration, Soil Fertility And Costs In The Drylands Of Machakos County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Kenya’s drylands constitutes about 80% of the country’s size. These drylands are prone to relatively high vegetation and general environmental degradation; translating to changes in soil physical and chemical properties. Conservation agriculture with trees presents an opportunity to reduce vegetation and soil degradation thereby enhancing soil characteristics and carbon sequestration, which is an important component of redressing dryland problems associated with greenhouse gases...

Quality Of Geothermal Effluents And Emissions From Climate Change Resilient Technologies In Eburru And Olkaria, Nakuru County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Geothermal energy could be Climate Change Resilient subject to technological interventions employed in production. Kenya seeks to safeguard herself from Climate Change and its cascading impacts through clean energy sources such as Geothermal. Possible interventions to Climate Change entail adaptation, mitigation and building resilience. Most geothermal resources are located in fragile yet vital ecosystems including Olkaria and Eburru where the study focused on. A benign geothermal t...

Curriculum And Its Contribution To Awareness Of Climate Change Among Learners In Secondary Schools In Githunguri Sub-County, Kiambu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Climate change poses a danger to the current and the future generations. Sad to note though is the fact that although developing countries have contributed the least to the current mess, they will be more impacted due to their limited technology to adapt to the consequences. As a remedy to the current situation, formal education has been identified as a major tool of passing the required knowledge, skills and changing people’s attitude towards climate change. However, most edu...

Assessing Women Domestic Chores And Vulnerability To Climate Variability In Chepseon Sub Location, Nakuru County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Climate change is a major challenge of mankind in the 21st century. While climate change existed even in the pre-industrial era, recent trends exacerbated by human activities have raised global concern that climate change is threatening the achievement of sustainable development. While effects of climate change have been experienced all over the world, developing countries will be hardest hit because this is where millions of the world‟s poorest people are already being forced to c...

Impact Of Climate Variability On Selected Kipsigis Sacred Plant Species In Belgut Division, Kericho County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Indigenous plant species have salient socio-cultural significance among many peoples of Africa. In Kenya, certain plant species are important for ceremonial functions such as marriage and rites of passage. Among the Kalenjin, over 100 species are important for such functions. However, the species are relatively under threat in their occurence and abundance due to climate variations and impacts of development. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of climate change on th...

Effects Of Climate Variability On Dodder Invasion, Distribution And Management In Belgut Area Of Kericho County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Parasitic weeds are plants that have evolutionarily lost autotrophic way of life during their development stages. Dodder, a plant of the Cuscuta species, is one such invasive parasitic weed with a wide range of world geographic distribution and host diversity. In Kenya, dodder is common in counties at the Coast, Central, Nyanza, Western and Rift valley. The plant is alleged to parasitize on a variety of perennial crops, wild and domesticated trees and shrubs thus affecting host vigo...

Impact Of Drought On Primary Schools Learning In Laikipia West District Of Laikipia County, Kenya

ABSTRACT  Laikipia West district receives between 500 mm and 950mm of rainfall annually. It is therefore, classified as a semi arid region with harsh and fragile environment. The low and erratic rainfalls govern vegetation dynamics, animals‟ survival and the general human welfare. Frequent drought as a result of climate change has exacerbated and compounded the problem of provision of quality basic education in the district. This study was conducted to investigate drought prevalence and th...

Economic Analysis Of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies At Community Farm-Level In Ijara, Garissa County, Kenya

ABSTRACT  The semi-arid Ijara sub-county borders Fafi sub-county to the north, Lamu and Tana River counties to the south and west respectively and republic of Somalia to the east. It occupies agro-ecological zones IV to VI, that change to V and VI, moving away from Boni forest with an estimated 1000km2 arable land suitable for crop agriculture. Temperatures range 15ºC – 38ºC with average relative humidity 68%. Rainfall data from Kenya Met Services 1970-2008 indicated shift from the tradi...

The Performance Of Local Generic Allometries In Estimating Biomass Carbon Of Trees In Agriculturally Dominated Landscapes Of Nyando Basin, Kenya

ABSTRACT Climate change is a real phenomenon whose effects ought to be mitigated, based on assessments that are informed by scientific evidence. Trees in agricultural landscapes play a significant role in mitigating climate change hence a robust inventory of tree biomass in these landscapes is essential for the accurate estimation of their potential in sequestering carbon. Therefore, applicable allometric equations that yield accurate biomass estimates of trees in agricultural landscapes are...

Impacts Of Kipepeo Conservation Project On Livelihoods And Climate Change Mitigations Among Arabuko Sokoke Communities, Kilifi County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Conservation projects can improve the livelihoods of community members as well as tackle climate change. Kipepeo project is a butterfly farming project initiated in 1993 to provide a means of livelihood for the communities living around Arabuko Sokoke Forest and also to conserve the forest. The study was carried out to assess the impacts of Kipepeo conservation project on livelihoods of local community and on climate change mitigations in Arabuko Sokoke Forest in Kilifi County, ...


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