Research Papers/Topics in Environment And Resource Management

Impact Of Soil Erosion On Agrjculturaj~ Productivity In Uganda: A Case Study Of Nyadri Sub~County, Arua District

This study establishes the effect of soil erosion on agricultural activities in Nyadri Sub-County, Arua District, North Western Uganda. The research objectives included establishing the evident forms of soil erosion in the sub-county, main causes of soil erosion in the sub-county and ways in which soil erosion affects agricultural production in the area. The Research was conducted in the four parishes of Nyadri Sub-county and it was carried out in a period of three months. The literatu...

The Influence Of Indigenous Knowledge On Climate Change Adaptation And Mitigation By Local Communities In Kidongole Sub-county, Bukedea District, Uganda.

Long before the initiation of modern scientific methods for weather forecasting and climate prediction, most of the local people used traditional ways and indicators of rainfall forecasting/prediction in order to develop local adaptation and mitigation strategies. The main objective of the study was to assess the influence of indigenous knowledge on climate change adaptation in climate change adaptation and mitigation by local communities in Kidongole sub county, Bukedea district by iden...

The Impact Of Pastrolism On Grass Land, A Case Study Of Gogreal County, Warrab State, South Sudan.

In this chapter, researcher focused on the major effects, challenges and solutions. For many years, biologists and anthropologists have realized that the organic and the cultural evolution of human beings have been interdependent, mutually complementary processes (e.g., Roe and Simpson, 1958; Caspari, 1963; Dobzhansky, 1961, 1962, 1963; Montagu, 1962, 1968a, b; McBride, 1971). In anthropology, this realization prompted the analysis of cultures and social systems as superorganic extension...

Socio-Econimic Factors That Contribute To Low Access To Sanitation Facilities: A Case Study Of Bulegeni Sub County Bulambuli District -Uganda

ABSTRACT The study was conducted in Bulegeni Sub-county which is located 35 Kilometers from the Eastern town of Mbale Uganda. This study was conducted between the month of May and September 2012. The main objective of the study was to find out, the socio- economic factors influencing low access to sanitation facilities at different household level. The study used descriptive research methods to obtain data it included face to face interviews and questionnaires. The research finds w...

Impacts of soil erosion on farmlands: a case study of tambajja, kapchesombe parish, kapchorwa district, eastern uganda.

ABSTRACT Soil erosion is a global issue and affects both farmlands and the economy; the causes and effects of soil are on the increase through out the country. The research was conducted in Tambajja Village Kapchorwa District in Eastern Uganda. The objectives of the study were to fi out the causes and impacts of soil in Tambajja village and examine the effective s of the existing soil conservation techniques. A sample of 40 respondent as randomly selected. Data for the study was col...

Assessing Water Supply And Demand Management In Industries And Commercial Enterprises In Athi River Town, Machakos County

Water is an integral part of many industrial processes and increasing demand for water for industrial uses will result from increasing economic activity.The water resources upon which industrial growth depends are under increasing stress and almost no economy will be spared the negative consequences of unsustainable use of this scarce resource. This study was designed to assess how industries and commercial enterprises in Athi River Town are managing water as a resource. It reviewed the...

Assessment Of Community Forest Associations In Socioeconomic Empowerment Of Communities In Kinangop, Nyandarua County

Participatory Forest Management is a framework that has widely been adopted in management of forests because it includes community and other stakeholders in forest management. The Forest Act (2005) provided way in which PFM would be implemented in Kenya to provide a solution to the problems facing the forestry sector. It provided an opportunity for the community to participate in the management of the forest through co-management of the forest with KFS using Community Forest Association...

Dynamics Of Agricultural Developments Impacting On Biodiversity Conservation In Meru National Park, Kenya

Meru National Park has witnessed a steady immigration of agricultural households from nearby high potential agro-ecological zones into its buffer zones. The situation has subjected natural habitats that formerly served as communal grazing lands and wildlife dispersal areas to fragmentation and alteration. To date, the most affected zones are wetlands of the western and southern buffer zones. These zones are most critical for livestock and wildlife, particularly as dry season grazing ar...

Potential Payment For Ecosystem Services (Pes) Scheme In Lake Ol Bolossat Nyandarwa County

The state of the world’s waters remains fragile and the need for an integrated and sustainable approach to water resource management is as pressing as ever. Available supplies are under great duress as a result of high population growth, unsustainable consumption patterns, poor management practices, pollution, and inadequate investment in infrastructure and low efficiency in water-use. Wetlands which considered biologically diverse areas are sources of water that are also under threat...

Small Scale Wood Carving Enterprises And Their Contribution To Rural Livelihoods In Wamunyu, Machakos County, Kenya

ABSTRACT At a time of rising food insecurity and high rates of poverty as a result of drought, rural communities have to find alternative means of livelihoods apart from crop and livestock agriculture which are susceptible to drought. Woodcarving is one of the sole most important alternative forms of livelihood in the rural areas. Despite documented potential benefits of high value markets and value addition, wood carved products are majorly produced and marketed locally with or no ...

Determination of The Concentration of Pollutants From Warri Refinery Effluent And its Impact on Water Quality of Ubeji River

Abstract This study investigated the effects of effluent discharged from Warri Refinery on the water quality of Ubeji River, Warri Delta state. Water samples were collected from upstream, point of discharge of effluent and downstream sections of the river. Physicochemical parameters (turbidity, pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solid, total suspended solid, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, biological oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, oil and grease), concentrations of polycy...