Environmental Science Research Papers/Topics

Determination of Neonicotinoid Residues in Hive Products from Kiambu and Nairobi Counties, Kenya

Abstract: Information on pesticide residue occurrence in hive products is scanty or lacking yet it is important so as to safeguard human health from effects of pesticides. The aim of the study was to identify and quantify neonicotinoid residues in hive products. The study was undertaken for 6 months between (March-August, 2015) at Kiambu and Nairobi Counties. The objectives of the study were to find out the pesticides used in the cultivation of crops, the frequency of use and the concentrati...

Optimization and Screening of Extracellular Enzymes produced by Pseudomonas Aeruginosa during LDPE degradation

ABSTRACT Plastics are synthetic polymers made by chains of carbon atoms with hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, Sulphur built around the carbon chains (Shah et al., 2008). These polymers are involved in every domain of our lives ever since its production began from the year 1950’s, plastics have been produced at an augmented rate to meet day to day demands of the entire world. Accumulation of plastic waste in the environment causes chemical pollution when methods like incineration are used to get ...

BIOACCUMULATION OF PERSISTENT POLLUTANTS IN AFRICAN CATFISH

This project titled Bioaccumulation of persistent pollutants in Clarias gariepinus gotten from Ogu Creek is based on ecotoxicology and utilized African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) as a model in estimating the bioaccumulation of pollutants in living tissues of organisms in Ogu creek which is a point of poorly treated effluent discharge. The persistent pollutants include Zn, Cr, Cd, Pb, Mn, and Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon (TPH). The concentrations of the heavy metals were determined with Atomi...

Health and Environmental Impacts of Industrialization (A case study of Dangote Cement Factory on Obajana Community, Kogi state, Nigeria)

The impacts of industrialization on socio-economic development can't be over emphasized, but so are the negative consequences. This paper examines the health and environmental impacts of Dangote Cement Industry on the physical environment of the encompassing settlement of Obajana, Kogi State. this is often with a view to providing sustainable solution to the negative impact of huge scale industries in an emerging economy like Nigeria. The study involved empirical observation and inter...

The Impacts of Human Activities on Wild-Life Conservation in Kahuzi-Biega National Park in Democratic Republic of Congo

ABSTRACT  The research topic was “The impact of human activities on wild-life conservation in Kahuzi Biéga National Park in Democratic Republic of Congo. “The main objective of this study was to establish how human activities have affected wildlife conservation in Kahuzi-Biega National ‘ark in the Democratic Republic of Congo “.This study used quantitative method for data collection. It is economical and efficient in data collection. It is used in investigating relationships between...

Physicochemical and Microbial Analysis of Surface Water Quality at Mbagule-Ipav, Gboko LGA Benue State, Nigeria for Drinking Purpose

Surface water quality was accessed at Mbagule-Ipav, Gboko LGA Benue state, Nigeria, a community dominant with agricultural activities. Investigation showed that the community has one stream which serves as the only source of water to the community for domestic and agricultural purposes. This research was to ensure the use of clean and safe drinking water for the public health protection. On this regard, a physicochemical and Microbial analysis of the surface water was carried out for s...

Effect of Solar Radiation on Human Response during Block Laying in Ogun State, Nigeria

Considerable numbers of outdoor workers worldwide are exposed to solar radiation and this exposure induces various adverse health effects on the workers. This study was conducted to determine the effect of solar radiation on human response during block laying in Ogun State, Nigeria. Two hundred and four masons performing block laying in outdoor environment were investigated between January and December. The meteorological parameters were measured and recorded around the mason which in...

Application of Gis and Remote Sensing in The Monitoring of Urhonigbe Forest Reserve in Edo State

ABSTRACT The land use/land cover of urhonigbe forest reserve between 1987 and 2015 was analyzed to determine the rate and nature of the land use change over time and their possible effect on the forest ecosystem of Urhonigbe Forest. Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS techniques was applied in monitoring Urhonigbe Forest Reserve in Edo State. The land use change and its effect during the time period (1987-2015) were also determined. Onscreen digitization of the study area maps was employed to d...

Re-Thinking Engineering and Technology for Environmental Sustainability in the Face of Global Pandemic: Proceedings of the 2ND International Conference on Engineering and Environmental Scienc

PREFACE  The second edition of the International Conference on Engineering and Environmental Sciences (ICEES 2021) was co-hosted by the Faculty of Engineering and the Faculty of Environmental Sciences of Osun State University, Osogbo from 23rd-25th November, 2021. The Conference with the theme, “ReThinking Engineering and Technology for Environmental Sustainability in the Face of Global Pandemic” took place at a time the world is still re-adjusting to life in the COVID/post-COVID-19 e...

Site Criteria in CO2 Capture and Storage

This paper is an overview of criteria needed for the deployment of CCS technology. This to avoid unnecessary leakage in the storage mechanisms. For a CCS to be successful  the criteria must be examined and the site is clear for the technology. This paper give an insight into the basic criteria for the site which will be used for for storage of co2

Influence of Building Envelope Design on Indoor Thermal Comfort of Office Workers in Enugu, Nigeria

Abstract Climate Change and global warming are problems that result to an increase in indoor temperature especially in the tropical region. The adverse effect of rise in temperature has increased the need for indoor cooling in order to improve comfort for building occupants. Building envelope separates indoor spaces from outdoor spaces and is also capable of improving indoor comfort through appropriate balance of passive and active techniques. The contemporary concern is on how to improve the...

Waste Disposal Mechanism as Determinant of Health Status of Residents of Ijebu-Ode Metropolis

ABSTRACT Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. One hundred and twenty (n=120) participants were drawn using simple random sampling technique from ten streets of Ijebu Ode metropolis. Interview and personal observation were used to collect the data. These data collections were Residents’ Waste Management Methods, Solid Waste Management Attitude Scale, Key Informant Interview Schedule. A mean score of 2.0 and above indicates that the residents are of positive attitude towar...

An Assessment Of The Impact Of Land Use Changes On Human Elephant Conflict In Laikipia West District, Kenya

Farmers in Laikipia West district like many other farmers living in wildlife dispersal areas have continued to suffer huge losses resulting from wildlife menace without adequate compensation. Land use has been changing with time making the area prone to crop destruction by elephants. While it is known that land use change contributes to human -wildlife conflict, it has never been quantified over time for Laikipia West District. The objective of the study was to assess changes in land use...

Assessment Of Economic Impacts Of Climate Change On Livestock And Crop Returns In The Coastal Region Of Kenya

ABSTRACT The overall objective of this study was to assess the economic impacts of climate change on agriculture in Kenya’s coastal region. To achieve this, specific objectives were used: to assess which impact climate change has on crop net revenue; to evaluate the impact of climate change on livestock net revenue; and to estimate the impact of climate change on combined net revenue. The study was conducted in all the six counties in the coastal Kenya: Kwale, Mombasa, Kilifi, Lamu, Tana Ri...

Assessment Of Climate Change Impacts On Natural Resources And The Different Gender Among The Pastoralist Communities Of Samburu, Kenya

ABSTRACT Climate change due to anthropogenic induced global warming is one of the greatest and defining challenges of the current and future centuries. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPGC) has unequivocally affirmed it and directly linked it to anthropogenic Green-House Gases (GHGs) emissions from fossil fuel burning and land use changes. Although the impacts of climate change are global, they will be differently felt and distributed among different regions, generations, age ...


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