Environmental Science Research Papers/Topics

Evaluation of Agricultural and Agro- industrial Residues for Composting for Agricultural Use in Ghana

ABSTRACT Ghana produces several hundred million tons o f agricultural and agro industrial residues annually. In the Kwaebibirem District in the Eastern Region o f Ghana the processing o f fruits o f the major tree crops such as oil palm and cocoa together with the large cultivation o f rice and maize generate high amounts o f agricultural and agro industrial residues. Oil palm residues comprising empty fruit bunches (EFB), palm oil mill effluent (POME),mesocarp fibre(MF) and palm kernel cake ...

Role Of Government And Community In Landslide Risk And Vulnerability Reduction: A Case Study Of Gakenke District, Rwanda

ABSTRACT The frequency and the severity of landslides have increased in recent times globally, with serious implications for human lives and property, as well as national economies. In many disaster response initiatives, community-based disaster management approach is adopted as a quick solution to emergency response. This study was carried out in Gakenke District in the Northern Province of Rwanda, which is highly prone to landslide disasters. It investigated the role of government and local...

Strategic Environmental Assessment(SEA) as A Sustainability Tool For Policy And Decision Making: A Case of Forest Resource Management in The ABUAKWA SOUTH Municipality of Eastern Region of Gh

ABSTRACT Environmental degradation and the unsustainable exploitation of non-renewable resources continue to increase to satisfy socio-economic demands which call on a National Development Agenda to make use of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) as sustainability tools imperative. The use of these tools is to balance environmental and economic sustainability with institutional capacity building, and social cohesion to direct the sustainable man...

Assessment Of Effluent Quality At The University Of Ghana Hospital, Legon

ABSTRACT Hospitals effluent often contain chemical compounds which may have negative impact on the environment and human health if not properly treated. Investigations were conducted to determine the bacteriological and physico-chemical qualities of effluent discharged from University of Ghana hospital into the environment and its effects on agricultural soils and vegetables. Water and soil quality analyses of some physico-chemical and bacteriological variables were carried out on effluent sa...

Toxicological Evaluation of Biodiesel Emission Particles (BEP) Using Rat Models

Abstract The present study is an attempt to elucidate the effect of biodiesel emission particles (BEP) on some antioxidant  enzymes of selected tissues of rats. Rats were exposed to emission particles (EP) of biodiesel blended with fuel  diesel at 100BD, 75BD, 50BD and 25BD as well as fuel diesel (FD) over a period of ten days. Enzyme assays  were conducted for superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and reduced  glutathione (GSH) in the liver, lungs, ...

Impact of Charcoal Production on Soil Properties And Vegetables in The Central Gonja District of The Northern Region Ghana

ABSTRACT This study assessed the impact of charcoal production on soil properties, vegetation and the perception of charcoal producers on the environmental impacts of their activities in the Central Gonja District of the Northern Region, Ghana. Data acquired suggest significant differences in the proportions (or fractions) of clay and sand in soils sampled within 0-30 cm depth at sites of charcoal production referred to simply (as burnt sites) and sites with no observable indications of char...

Assessment Of The Effects Of Quarrying Activities On Some Selected Communities In The Lower Manya Krobo District

ABSTRACT This study assessed the effects of quarrying activities on some selected communities in the Lower Manya Krobo District. Questionnaires targeting inhabitants around the quarry sites, observations, collection of health records from well patronized hospitals/clinics and dust (PM10) sampling were used as data gathering instruments. The study revealed that some of the men have been employed as quarry workers and a substantial number of women in the area have become food vendors at the qua...

Market Systems of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) and their Roles in Climate Change Adaptation- A Case Study of the Lawra Distrivt, Ghana

ABSTRACT Local and indigenous communities depend on Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) in a variety of ways. However, the absence of ready markets for these products limits their livelihood support potential and capacity to support environmental and climate change adaptation efforts. This study examined how the five livelihood capitals i.e. Financial, Social, Physical, Natural and Human (including market access, value chain and product quality standards) affect marketing systems for NTFPs an...

Contribution of Modified Taungya System to Forest Cover And Livelihood of Forest-Fringe Communities. A Case Study of Worobong South Forest Reserve in Ghana

ABSTRACT Decline of natural forest cover through deforestation in Ghana has reached a critical stage. Loss of forest poses many problems, mostly to the communities that rely on the forests for their livelihoods. In the last decade several schemes to protect the remaining forest, restore degraded areas and improve people's access to forest resources have been introduced, of which the Modified Taungya System (MTS), an agro-forestry system, is one of them. The objective of this thesis was to ex...

The Impact Of Mpape Dumpsite Solid Waste Leachate On Soil Quality, Abuja Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study examined the impact of dumpsite on soil and plant quality in Mpape, Abuja FCT. The study employed both transect and quadrant techniques in collecting soil and plant samples. The soil samples were taken in both rainy and dry season for three months each at the depth of 0-30cm using soil auger. A total of forty-eight soil sample and thirty-two plant samples were collected, totalling eighty samples in and around Mpape Dumpsite and taken to Abuja Environmental Protection Board...

The Impact of Septic Tank Effluent on Underground Water Quality of Some Communities in The Ga West District, Ghana

ABSTRACT Investigations were conducted to assess the quality of borehole water and wells in relation to distance from septic tanks in residential households in Ga West District, Ghana. The geographical locations of the boreholes, hand dug wells and the nearest septic tanks were determined using global positioning satellite (GPS). Water quality analyses of some physicochemical and bacteriological variables were carried out on water samples collected from boreholes and wells using processes ou...

The Effect Of Mining Activities On Smallholder Agriculture: The Case Of Male And Female Farmers In The Mpohor Mining Area Of Ghana

ABSTRACT The study employed the sustainable livelihood approach to investigate the effect of mining activities on male and female smallholder farmers in the Mpohor District mining area. In addition, livelihood assets of smallholder farmers, heavy metal concentrations in farm soils, the livelihood strategies employed by the smallholder farmers and institutional support to the smallholder farmer in the management of the effect of mining activities were also assessed. Five communities namely; Mp...

Geospatial Distribution of Air Pollutants Along Selected Traffic Routes Within Port Harcourt Metropolis

ABSTRACT The study investigates the spatial distribution and concentration of air pollutants (mainly from automobile emission) at traffic intersections at selected major routes within Port-Harcourt Metropolis, Rivers State, Nigeria. Five sampling locations (using purposive sampling technique in selecting the sampling locations) were considered which are Rumuokoro, Rumuola, Garrison, UST/Mile 3 and Mile 1, with each having three sampling points placed 2.0m away from the edge of the road and s...

PIIION OF CLIMATE CHANGE Among SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN AUNICIPAL AREA COUNCIL OF The FCT

ABSTRACT The p·u.rpose dy was to examine the perception of climate change among senior secondary scJltS in Abuja municipal area council of the FCT Abuja. The study has an:-J.ongst its < to determine the level of awareness of the students on the issues of clirnate cb.anlfi their sources of information and the location of their schools. Ttie study e~sed primary source of data that reflected a cross-age design involving the collecticative and quantitative data from eight senior secondary school...

Analysis Of Institutional Solid Waste Management Practices: Insights From Two Ghanaian Universities.

ABSTRACT Academic institutions produce solid wastes which are not disposed off effectively or economically. The result is littering and accumulation of garbage which cause pollution. This study examined solid waste generation and management practices in public and private institutions. To achieve the above objective, waste audit was carried out over a period of three weeks. Waste management practices of the institutions were also examined through the assessment of the institutional arrangemen...


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