Research Papers/Topics in Geography And Environmetal Studies

Energy Service Companies as a Component of a Comprehensive University Sustainability Strategy

The sustainability deficit observed in modern universities is not necessary to fulfill the education, research, or administrative functions of the university system, because a vast quantity of natural resources are currently wasted. The current waste thus provides a large number of opportunities to improve environmental stewardship while reducing operating costs. Guaranteed energy savings programs (GESPs), which utilize the technical and financial expertise of energy service companies (ESCOs)...

Estimating Potential Photovoltaic Yield with r.sun and the Open Source Geographical Resources Analysis Support System

The package r.sun within the open source Geographical Resources Analysis Support System (GRASS) can be used to compute insolation including temporal and spatial variation of albedo and solar photovoltaic yield. A complete algorithm is presented covering the steps of data acquisition and preprocessing to post simulation whereby candidate lands for incoming solar farms projects are identified. The optimal resolution to acquire reliable solar energy outputs to be integrated into PV system design...

Peer-to-Peer Financing Mechanisms to Accelerate Renewable Energy Deployment

Despite the clear need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, lack of access to capital and appropriate financing mechanisms has limited the deployment of renewable energy technologies (RETs). Feed-in Tariff (FIT) programs have been used successfully in many countries to make RETs more economically feasible. Unfortunately, the large capital costs of RETs can result in both the slow uptake of FIT programs and incomplete capture of deployment potential. Subsidies are concentrated in financial inst...

Limitations of Nuclear Power as a Sustainable Energy Source

This paper provides a review and analysis of the challenges that nuclear power must overcome in order to be considered sustainable. The results make it clear that not only do innovative technical solutions need to be generated for the fundamental inherent environmental burdens of nuclear energy technology, but the nuclear industry must also address difficult issues of equity both in the present and for future generations. The results show that if the concept of just sustainability is applied ...

A GIS Application for Location Selection and Customers' Preferences for Shopping Malls in Al Ain City; UAE

 Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are used today at several planning applications and taking advantage of information technology, this system enable the handling of both spatial and non-spatial data for constructing thematic maps describing a variety of information relating to economic activities. Current research examined the potential of suitable location as well as to study customers' preferences for shopping malls in the area. In this study, evaluation of data concerning the su...

Urban Development: Mapping Social Impact Assessment among Educators of Al Ain City

 This study investigates the level of social welfare services offered in Al-Ain, by gauging how satisfied educators are with the quality and quantity of services offered and its current distribution. This study employs a descriptive survey approach in collecting data from 120 respondents using stratified random sampling. Data was collected using questionnaires, directed to the respondent. Primary data was collected from the key informant through interview among educators, while secondary...

ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACT OF SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL AT MANGWANENI DUMPSITE IN MANZINI: SWAZILAND

Solid waste disposal sites are found on the outskirts of the urban areas, turning into the child sources of contamination due to the incubation and proliferation of flies, mosquitoes, and rodents; that, in turn, are disease transmitters that affect population’s health, which has its organic defenses in a formative and creative state. What to do with solid waste has long troubled governments, industries, and individuals.  Therefore, this study was design to determine the effects of...

CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE INCREASE IN INCIDENCE OF MALARIA CASES IN THE DVOKOLWAKO AREA OF SWAZILAND (FROM 1990-2004)

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px 'Helvetica Neue'} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px 'Helvetica Neue'; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {direction: ltr; unicode-bidi: bidi-override} ABSTRACT  The study examines the factors that account for the increase in malaria cases in Dvokolwako  area (Swaziland), which in the past was generally malaria free. The two main aspects  examined in the study area are climate change patterns and sugar ...

ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE PLAYED BY FEMALE HEADED HOUSEHOLDS IN AGRICULTURAL PERFORMANCE IN NKWENE, SWAZILAND

Women’s unequal participation in farm organizations, restrictions on women’s ownership as well as control of resources and unjust legislation give female-headed households to face many problems that their male counterparts do not The problems that plague Nkwene female headed households farmers have been identified as issues related to the economic system, declining rural communities and environmental degradation. Therefore this study was design to examine the role played by female-headed ...

CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE INCREASE IN INCIDENCE OF MALARIA CASES IN THE DVOKOLWAKO AREA OF SWAZILAND FROM 1990-2004

The study examines the factors that account for the increase in malaria cases in Dvokolwako area (Swaziland), which in the past was generally malaria free. The two main aspects examined in the study area are climate change patterns and sugar cane cultivation under irrigation. Climatic data of the area was obtained from the Mbabane National Meteorological Service, whilst retrospective inpatient malaria data was obtained from Dvokolwako and Mliba clinics. Data on sugar cane growing was collecte...

ASSESSMENT_OF_HEAVY_METAL_POLLUTANTS_IN_ROMI_RIVER_QUEEN

Heavy metals are known to be carcinogenic when consumed by humans above certain permissible limits over a long period of time. This study assessed the concentrations of some heavy metal contaminants in River Romi, Kaduna and the consequences of these heavy metals on human health. The Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) technique was employed to assess the concentration of Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn, Fe, Cr and Ni in surface water samples from River Romi.  The results of the finding show that ...