Research Papers/Topics in Geography And Environmetal Studies

ACHIEVING ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA

Environmental problems like desertification, deforestation, and pollution have become important paradigms in Nigeria in the last three decades. Similarly, Government, Non-governmental Organizations, corporate bodies and individual’s interests in reducing, stemming and / or mitigating the consequences of environmental degradation is very commendable. Many of the generally acknowledged global environmental problems (greenhouse warming, ozone depletion, soil erosion, chemical managem...

Remediation by Enhanced Natural Attenuation (RENA)

The search for crude oil has expanded in many parts of the world with positive results in some members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Regardless of the numerous socio-economic gains from the discovery of crude oil, spills sometimes occur during production operations, or due to accidental discharges, leakages from corroded bunkers and transport vessels, and human errors. These spills contaminate the surrounding environment and negatively affect the ecosy...

Carbon footprint and climate change

A measure of the total amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions of a defined population, system or activity, considering all relevant sources, sinks and storage within the spatial and temporal boundary of the population, system or activity of interest is known as Carbon footprint.

Applications of Open-Access Remotely Sensed Data for Flood Modelling and Mapping in Developing Regions

Flood modelling and mapping typically entail flood frequency estimation, hydrodynamic modelling and inundation mapping, which require specific datasets that are often unavailable in developing regions due to financial, logistical, technical and organizational challenges. This review discusses fluvial (river) flood modelling and mapping processes and outlines the data requirements of these techniques. This paper explores how open-access remotely sensed and other geospatial&...

Academic Geography, Nigerian Universities and post-modern realities

Geography has become such an important field of knowledge with several academic traditions which sometimes overwhelm the capacity of students to fully comprehend its scope. It seems more dreaded especially at the mention of ‘maps’ and ‘map-making’. Outside the borders of the discipline, geography is associated with maps and map-making with the implication that a prospective candidate’s primary interest in the discipline is defined and shaped by interest in maps and map-making....

Energy Consumption Towards a Better Future: Knowledge Practice and Attitude of college students in UAEU

 Energy exists in many different forms such as light energy, heat energy, mechanical energy, gravitational energy, electrical energy, sound energy, chemical energy, Nuclear or atomic energy and so on. These forms of energy can be relocated and converted between one another. When source of energy ends up as electricity, it moves with many transformations before it can power the light bulb. The aim of this study was to explore the level of student’s awareness on the importance of saving ...

CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE INCREASE IN INCIDENCE OF MALARIA CASES IN THE DVOKOLWAKO AREA OF SWAZILAND FROM 1990-2004

The study examines the factors that account for the increase in malaria cases in Dvokolwako area (Swaziland), which in the past was generally malaria free. The two main aspects examined in the study area are climate change patterns and sugar cane cultivation under irrigation. Climatic data of the area was obtained from the Mbabane National Meteorological Service, whilst retrospective inpatient malaria data was obtained from Dvokolwako and Mliba clinics. Data on sugar cane growing was collecte...

Geospatial Analysis of Landuse/Landcover Changes in Wudil Town of Kano State (IJSRES-15-19)

Wudil is an ancient town in the savannah of northwestern Nigeria that is now growing. The growth of the town has set in landuse/landcover change in the area. In order to understand the pattern of the change, Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System techniques were used to examine the current trend in the landuse/landcover change in the area, while questionnaire survey was used to investigate the factors responsible for the change. Landsat images of the town for 2000 and 2014 w...

Geospatial Projection of Landuse/Landcover changes in Wudil Town of Kano State (IJSRES-15-59)

Wudil is an ancient town that is fast growing in Kano state of northwestern Nigeria. In spite of the continuous urbanization experienced in Wudil, accurate information on the rate and pattern of urbanization which is required for future regional development of the town is inadequate. Recent study used geospatial techniques to analyze the pattern of landuse/landcover change in the area from 2000 to 2014. Although the study provided insight on the current rate of urban growth of the town...

Energy Service Companies as a Component of a Comprehensive University Sustainability Strategy

The sustainability deficit observed in modern universities is not necessary to fulfill the education, research, or administrative functions of the university system, because a vast quantity of natural resources are currently wasted. The current waste thus provides a large number of opportunities to improve environmental stewardship while reducing operating costs. Guaranteed energy savings programs (GESPs), which utilize the technical and financial expertise of energy service companies (ESCOs)...

Estimating Potential Photovoltaic Yield with r.sun and the Open Source Geographical Resources Analysis Support System

The package r.sun within the open source Geographical Resources Analysis Support System (GRASS) can be used to compute insolation including temporal and spatial variation of albedo and solar photovoltaic yield. A complete algorithm is presented covering the steps of data acquisition and preprocessing to post simulation whereby candidate lands for incoming solar farms projects are identified. The optimal resolution to acquire reliable solar energy outputs to be integrated into PV system design...

Peer-to-Peer Financing Mechanisms to Accelerate Renewable Energy Deployment

Despite the clear need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, lack of access to capital and appropriate financing mechanisms has limited the deployment of renewable energy technologies (RETs). Feed-in Tariff (FIT) programs have been used successfully in many countries to make RETs more economically feasible. Unfortunately, the large capital costs of RETs can result in both the slow uptake of FIT programs and incomplete capture of deployment potential. Subsidies are concentrated in financial inst...

Limitations of Nuclear Power as a Sustainable Energy Source

This paper provides a review and analysis of the challenges that nuclear power must overcome in order to be considered sustainable. The results make it clear that not only do innovative technical solutions need to be generated for the fundamental inherent environmental burdens of nuclear energy technology, but the nuclear industry must also address difficult issues of equity both in the present and for future generations. The results show that if the concept of just sustainability is applied ...

A GIS Application for Location Selection and Customers' Preferences for Shopping Malls in Al Ain City; UAE

 Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are used today at several planning applications and taking advantage of information technology, this system enable the handling of both spatial and non-spatial data for constructing thematic maps describing a variety of information relating to economic activities. Current research examined the potential of suitable location as well as to study customers' preferences for shopping malls in the area. In this study, evaluation of data concerning the su...

Urban Development: Mapping Social Impact Assessment among Educators of Al Ain City

 This study investigates the level of social welfare services offered in Al-Ain, by gauging how satisfied educators are with the quality and quantity of services offered and its current distribution. This study employs a descriptive survey approach in collecting data from 120 respondents using stratified random sampling. Data was collected using questionnaires, directed to the respondent. Primary data was collected from the key informant through interview among educators, while secondary...

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