permit-to-work system is a formal recorded process used to control work which
is identified as potentially hazardous. It is also a means of communication
between site/installation management, plant supervisors and operators and those
who carry out the hazardous work.
quality management system (QMS) is a set of policies, processes
and procedures required for planning and execution (production/development/service) in
the core business area of an organization. (i.e. Areas that can impact the
organization’s ability to meet customer requirements. The term "Quality
Management System" and the acronym "QMS" were invented in 1991
by Ken Croucher, a British management consultant working on designing and
implementing a generic model of a QMS within t...
Environmental problems like
desertification, deforestation, and pollution have become important paradigms in
Nigeria in the last three decades. Similarly, Government, Non-governmental
Organizations, corporate bodies and individual’s interests in reducing,
stemming and / or mitigating the consequences of environmental degradation is
Many of the
generally acknowledged global environmental problems (greenhouse warming, ozone
depletion, soil erosion, chemical managem...
The search for crude oil has expanded in many parts of the world
with positive results in some members of the Organization of the Petroleum
Exporting Countries (OPEC). Regardless of the numerous socio-economic gains
from the discovery of crude oil, spills sometimes occur during production
operations, or due to accidental discharges, leakages from corroded bunkers and
transport vessels, and human errors. These spills contaminate the surrounding
environment and negatively affect the ecosy...
organization’s activities can pose a risk of injury or ill-health, and can
result in a serious impairment of health, or even fatality, to those working on
its behalf; consequently it is important for the organization to eliminate or
minimize its OH&S risks by taking appropriate preventive measures. An
organization’s OH&S management system can translate its intentions to
prevent incidents into a systematic and ongoing set of processes (supported by
the use of appropriate methods ...
A measure of the total amount of carbon dioxide (CO2)
and methane (CH4)
emissions of a defined population, system or activity, considering all relevant
sources, sinks and storage within the spatial and temporal boundary of the
population, system or activity of interest is known as Carbon footprint.
and desertification are twin global environmental problems. Nigeria is faced
with rapid desert encroachment affecting fifteen northern most states from
moderate to severe rate. Climatic variability and anthropogenic activities such
as deforestation, extensive cultivation, overgrazing, cultivation of marginal
land, bush burning, fuel wood extraction, faulty irrigation system and
urbanization are major causes of desertification. Drought and desertification
impact directly or indi...