Anatomy Research Papers/Topics

Light Microscopic Study Of Indigenous Ghanaian Female Scalp Hair With Respect To Styling Procedures

ABSTRACT Background: Microscopic examination of hair has been useful in personal identification in the forensic sciences for years. However, increasing artificial modification of scalp hair, especially by women for the purposes of beautification, threatens its relevance in this vein. Microscopic characterization of such hair could provide reference data that could help maintain its usefulness in personal identification in the forensic sciences and other areas. Aim: The study determined the ef...

Correlation Of Sex, Height And Handedness With Anthropometric Foot And Hand Measurements Of Young Adult Ghanaians

ABSTRACT Studies have marked the importance of the relationship between height and hand and foot dimensions for forensic research. Also, the interaction between height, sex-related asymmetries, and handedness related asymmetries in hands and feet have been shown to vary in different populations. Hence the aims of this study are to determine whether foot and hand dimensions (length, breadth and circumference) are good estimators of sex and height and whether handedness and sex are associated w...

Relationship Between Carotid Intima Media Thickness And Selected Anthropometric Variables

ABSTRACT Background: A large number of studies have emphasized the significance of the association between increased carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and increased cardiovascular risk. Incorporation of a measurement of CIMT into the conventional work-up of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors has been suggested to improve prediction of CV risk. In spite of all these studies, there is limited research on CIMT, CVD risk factors and its associations with anthropometric indices of obesity in ind...

Proximal Femur Indices Of Adults In Ghana

ABSTRACT Background: Definite knowledge of the anatomical indices of adult proximal femur of indigenous Ghanaians will better inform procurement of best-fit prostheses imported from abroad, where these are made for populations with different anthropological indices. This development should forestall the occurrence of misfit femoral prostheses and attendant health hazards in Ghana. AIM: This study generated clinically relevant anatomical dimensions of the proximal femur in Ghanaian adults for ...

RENAL HISTOLOGY AND FUNCTION IN GENTAMICIN-INDUCED ACUTE KIDNEY INJURY (AKI) IN RATS GIVEN NATURAL COCOA

ABSTRACT Background: Gentamicin (GM) administration generates reactive oxygen species that have long been identified with nephrotoxicity. Cocoa flavanols are powerful antioxidants that have free radical scavenging capacity in reactive oxygen species (ROS) -mediated inflammatory processes such as from GM usage. Aim: This study investigated whether regular ingestion of natural cocoa would protect renal structure and function in rats with GM-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). Methodology: Thirty...

DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSVERSE TUBULAR SYSTEMS (T-TUBULES) IN THE HAMSTER {MESOCRICETUS AURATUS) MYOCARDIUM.

ABSTRACT With the aid of an electron microscope the development of transverse tubules (T-tubules or system) was studied in pre- and post-natal hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) labelled with horse radish peroxidase (HRP). Thin sections (70-90 nm) and semi-thin sections (800-1000 nm) were cut using an ultramicrotome and examined under an electron microscope. No evidence of T-tubules was observed during the pre-natal and first week in neonatal stages of development when myocytes were characterise...

Beneficial Effects of Leaf Extracts of Lycoperscon esculentum on Wound Healing in Rats

ABSTRACT The study was aimed at determining the effects of the methanol extracts of the leaves of Lycoperscon esculentum on the wound healing in Wistar rats. Excisional wounds were inflicted on the upper dorsolateral trunk of normal saline (control) and tomato (Lycoperscon esculentum) leaf treated (TLT) adult rats and thereafter dressed four times daily for three days. Wound dimensions along two perpendicular axes were taken prior to dressings for the purpose of estimation of wound contractio...

THE ANATOMICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE HALLUX

The purpose of the human foot is to support and control the direction of the weight as it falls forwards during the stance phase of locomotion and of great importance to the forefoot width and the stabilizing role of the foot is the position and function to the big toe

THE GEOMETRY OF THE PTERION OF DRY ADULT NIGERIAN SKULLS

ABSTRACT The pterion is a point of confluence of the sutural parts of the frontal bone, parietal bone, greater wing of sphenoid bone, and squamous part of the temporal bone. It is classified into four types: spenoparietal, frontotemporal, stellate, and epipteric. This study highlighted the morphology and location of the pterion of adult Nigerian skull in comparison to other populations. A total of 50 dry skulls were used from the Departments of Anatomy of five federal institutions: Univer...

EFFECT OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF Cola nitida ON NORMAL DEVELOPMENT OF DISTAL GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

Background: Normal and abnormal development of anorectum is still under debate. Etiology of abnormal development of anorectum is poorly understood. Caffeine is a vasoconstrictor that has been implicated in abnormal anorectal development and is a major constituent of Kola nut (Cola nitida). It is consumed heavily by pregnant women in Nigeria to control vomiting.  Objectives: We examined the teratogenic effects of oral administration of aqueous extract of Cola nitida (AECON) on foetal growth a...

ANALYSIS OF TONGUE PANGOLINS

The macro – and micro - anatomy of the tongue were studied in African pangolins. Eight (8) healthy pangolins, Manis tricuspis, were used in this study. The average body weight and body length were 1449.42 ± 220.15 g, 115.75 ± 6.75 cm respectively.  The average tongue weight and length were determined to be 19.75 ± 0.85 g and 66.38 ± 11.92 cm respectively while the relative tongue weight (RTW) and relative tongue length (RTL) were 1.10% and 56.38% respectively. The findings of this work...

Some effects of aqueous extract of Nigella sativa on cadmium induced splenic damage in Adult Wistar rats

                  ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Various researches had shown that Nigella sativa has diverse characteristics some of which include bitter, pungent, aromatic, appetizer, stimulant, diuretic, emmenagogue, galactagogue, anthelminthic, acrid, thermogenic, carminative, anodyne, deodorant, digestive, constipating, sudorific, febrifuge, expectorant, purgative and abortifacient. This present study was aimed at investigating some of the effects of aqueous extract of Nigella sativa o...

MOLECULAR EVALUATION OF THE ANTI DIABETIC EFFECT OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF SACCHARUM OFFICINARUM STEM BARK(SUGAR CANE) IN WISTAR RAT

ABSTRACT Aim: To evaluate the anti-diabetic effect of aqueous extract of Saccharum officinarum (stem bark) in the genomic DNA of diabetic Wistar rats. Methodology: 15 Streptozotocin-induced diabetic male rats and five non diabetic rats were randomly and evenly distributed into four groups, and were subsequently exposed to the following treatments for 14 days: Group I (Control): Distilled water (1ml/kg B.W); Group II: Normal saline (1ml/kg B.W); Group III: treated Diabetic rats (Metformin) (50...

DERMATOHLYPHICS

Abstract  The dermatoglyphic (lit.'skin-carvings') patterns of the hand are the intimate and private symbol of the individual. Although this is true of all the skin-ridge patterns on the surface of the hand as a whole, it is especially true of the digital dermatoglyphs, the fingerprints. Everybody knows that we each possess a unique set of fingerprints, a knowledge which is put to much use by police forces around the world, and moreover, that these patterns do not change. Their use as a mean...

SOME EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF MISTLETOE (Tapinanthus globiferus) LEAF ON THE KIDNEY OF ADULT WISTAR RATS

The medicinal values of some species of Mistletoes (Tapinanthus globiferus) growing in the West African sub-region have been reviewed along with some considerations of their chemistries and local uses. Studies carried out revealed that mistletoes showed hypotensive, hypoglycemic etc.This present study was aimed at investigating some effects of aqueous extract of Tapinanthus globiferus leaves on the rat kidney. Thirty (30) adult Wister rats weighing (180-200) g were used for this experimental ...


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