Research Papers/Topics in Anatomy

Histomorphological Studies Of The Effects Of Amodiaquine On The Ovary In Sprague Dawley Rats

ABSTRACT The prevalence of female infertility ranges from 7 to 28% depending on the age of the woman. Although the origin and frequency of infertility vary about 40 to 50% of the aetiology of infertility cases is as a result of female factors. Malaria and the treatment of malaria have being a major challenge for decades. A number of antimalarial drugs have been reported to have anti-fertility actions. Amodiaquine (AQ) is an anti-malarial drug and belongs to a class of drugs known as th...

Histomophological And Biochemical Studies On Alloxan-Induce Diabetic Rabbits Treated With Sphenocentrum Jollyanum Menispermceae (Pierre)

ABSTRACTThe aim was to investigate the effect of Sphenocentrum jollyanum (SJ) extract on alloxan-induced diabetic and hyperglycaemic rabbits. The prophylactic effect and the hypoglycaemic activity of SJ extracts were equally evaluated. Other biochemical parameters evaluated included lipid profile. The acute and chronic toxicity tests were also conducted to ascertain the plant's toxicity level. In diabetic study, alloxan diabetic rabbits were treated with graded doses of SJ at 50,...

Fertility Enhancing Potential Of Aqueous Stem Extractof Cissus Populnea On The Cryptorchid Testes In Sprague-Dawley Rats

ABSTRACT Cryptorchidism is the commonest congential cause of male infertility. Male infertility is on the increase in Nigeria and current available modalities of treatment are not easily accessible but also expensive. The fertility enhancing potential of aqueous extract of the stem of Cissus populnea on the cryptorchid testes and the morphological detailing was the overall objective of this research work. One hundred and eighty male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into twelve groups...

Responsiveness to HIV Education and VCT Services among Kenyan Rural Women: A Community-Based Survey.

AbstractUptake of VCT and other HIV prevention strategies among rural African women is affected by various socio-cultural and economic factors which need elucidation. Our aim was to establish the responsiveness to HIV education among rural women attending three dispensaries in Kenya. This study was designed to assess gender and psycho-social factors that influence HIV dynamics in rural Kenya. This was a cross-sectional questionnaire based study of 1347 women, conducted in October 2009. Socio-...

Responsiveness to HIV Education and VCT Services among Kenyan Rural Women: A Community-Based Survey

AbstractUptake of VCT and other HIV prevention strategies among rural African women is affected by various socio-cultural and economic factors which need elucidation. Our aim was to establish the responsiveness to HIV education among rural women attending three dispensaries in Kenya. This study was designed to assess gender and psycho-social factors that influence HIV dynamics in rural Kenya. This was a cross-sectional questionnaire based study of 1347 women, conducted in October 2009. Socio-...

Contraceptive Effect Of Methanolic Seed Extract Of Momordica Charantia On Male Sprague-Dawley Rats

ABSTRACTThe research work investigated the possible antifertility effect of the methanolic seed extract of Momordica charantia (Mc). The morphological changes following administration of the extract on testes of Sprague-Dawley rats (SD-rats) were assessed using stereological parameters, hormonal assay and measurement of testicular 'stress indicators Methodology: 670 adult male SD rats weighing 162452 g were used for the study, which was carried out in two phases of 40 weeks. There...

Contraceptive And Morphometric Effects Of The Aqueous Extract Of Carica Papaya Bark On Male Sprague Dawley Rats

ABSTRACTThe overall aim of this research is to examine if the bark extract of Carica papaya would serve as a male contraceptive agent by determining the morphological response of the testes of Sprague-Dawley rats using histological and stereological parameters.Methodology: 60 adult (6-8 weeks old ) male Sprague-Dawley rats were used for this experiment which was conducted in 3 (three ) groups of 4 weeks, 8 weeks and the reversal group. In each group, rats were subdivided into another gr...

Cadiovasular Responses In Patients With Cervical Spondylosis During Traction And Management Of Cervical Spondylotic Pain

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Results from past studies have provided evidence that cervical traction is of benefit in the treatment of neck pain, but there is no consensus among clinicians regarding the amount of traction weight to be employed during treatment that will reduce the side effects (vertigo, nausea, mild headache, blurred vision and migraine) associated with this modality, if not property administered. The study was designed to investigate the cardiovascular response...

The Effect Of Kigelia Africana Fruit Extract On Cisplatin-Induced Testicular Damage In Sprague-Dawley Rats

ABSTRACT This experiment is designed to investigate the effects of Kigelia africana fruit extract (KAFE) on cisplatin-induced testicular damage in Sprague-Dawley rats. 280 male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 200 + 20 g were used for the experiments which were run in replicates of 140 rats per set for the purpose of reproducibility of results. The experiments were categorised into short term (28 days) and long term durations (56 days). Mature and ripe fruit of Kigelia africana were obta...

The Status of Women in Idealism A Postmodernist Phenomenologico ontological Analysis

ABSTRACTThis study is centered on the idealism of George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770 - 1831). It isanchored on a tripod of theme, problem and methodology. The theme of this study is Hegel‟sidealism. The problem is the status of women in Hegel‟s idealism, and the methodology ispostmodernist phenomenological ontology. This tripod of theme, problem and methodology isfurther premised on the theoretical framework of Inter-subjectivity which offers us theopportunity to explore the polarity in...

Histomorphological Studies Of The Effects Of Amodiaquine On The Ovary In Sprague-Dawley Rats

ABSTRACTThe prevalence of female infertility ranges from 7 to 28% depending on the age of the woman. Although the origin and frequency of infertility vary about 40 to 50% of the aetiology of infertility cases is as a result of female factors. Malaria and the treatment of malaria have being a major challenge for decades. A number of antimalarial drugs have been reported to have anti-fertility actions.Amodiaquine (AQ) is an anti-malarial drug and belongs to a class of drugs known as the 4-amino...

Overexpression of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Its Correlation with Clinicopathological Characteristics in Central Uganda

ABSTRACT Aims: The aims of the current study were to determine the prevalence of epidermal growth factor (EGFR) receptor in patients diagnosed with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) as well as assessing the correlation of overexpression of EGFR with age, gender and tumor grades of the cases. Study Design: This was a cross-sectional analytical study.

Prevalence And Correlates Of Intestinal Parasites Among Patients Admitted To Mirembe National Mental Health Hospital, Dodoma, Tanzania

Background. Neglected tropical diseases continue to be one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Psychiatric patients are among groups at risk for parasitic infection although control and monitoring programs largely overlook this population. This study aimed at determining prevalence and factors associated with intestinal parasitic infection among patients admitted to a psychiatric facility. Method. The study followed cross-sectional design; all the resi...

Morphology of The Digestive Tract of The African Catfish(Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822)

AbstractThe teleost digestive tract is simple and comprises the following parts: oropharyngeal cavity, oesophagus, stomach, intestine, rectum and anus. These organs are involved in the breakdown of ingested food macromolecules into small absorbable micromolecules. These small molecules are necessary for the maintenance, growth and energy needs of the body (Johnson, 1994; Junqueira and Carneiro, 2005). Besides processing food, some parts of the tract have evolved into organs of respiratio...


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