Research Papers/Topics in Anatomy

THE GEOMETRY OF THE PTERION OF DRY ADULT NIGERIAN SKULLS

ABSTRACT The pterion is a point of confluence of the sutural parts of the frontal bone, parietal bone, greater wing of sphenoid bone, and squamous part of the temporal bone. It is classified into four types: spenoparietal, frontotemporal, stellate, and epipteric. This study highlighted the morphology and location of the pterion of adult Nigerian skull in comparison to other populations. A total of 50 dry skulls were used from the Departments of Anatomy of five federal institution...

EFFECT OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF Cola nitida ON NORMAL DEVELOPMENT OF DISTAL GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

Background: Normal and abnormal development of anorectum is still under debate. Etiology of abnormal development of anorectum is poorly understood. Caffeine is a vasoconstrictor that has been implicated in abnormal anorectal development and is a major constituent of Kola nut (Cola nitida). It is consumed heavily by pregnant women in Nigeria to control vomiting. Objectives: We examined the teratogenic effects of oral administration of aqueous extract of Cola nitida (AECON) on foetal growth an...

ANALYSIS OF TONGUE PANGOLINS

The macro – and micro - anatomy of the tongue were studied in African pangolins. Eight (8) healthy pangolins, Manis tricuspis, were used in this study. The average body weight and body length were 1449.42 ± 220.15 g, 115.75 ± 6.75 cm respectively.  The average tongue weight and length were determined to be 19.75 ± 0.85 g and 66.38 ± 11.92 cm respectively while the relative tongue weight (RTW) and relative tongue length (RTL) were 1.10% and 56.38% respectively. The findings of th...

Some effects of aqueous extract of Nigella sativa on cadmium induced splenic damage in Adult Wistar rats

                  ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Various researches had shown that Nigella sativa has diverse characteristics some of which include bitter, pungent, aromatic, appetizer, stimulant, diuretic, emmenagogue, galactagogue, anthelminthic, acrid, thermogenic, carminative, anodyne, deodorant, digestive, constipating, sudorific, febrifuge, expectorant, purgative and abortifacient. This present study was aimed at investigating some of the effects...

MOLECULAR EVALUATION OF THE ANTI DIABETIC EFFECT OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF SACCHARUM OFFICINARUM STEM BARK(SUGAR CANE) IN WISTAR RAT

ABSTRACTAim: To evaluate the anti-diabetic effect of aqueous extract of Saccharum officinarum (stem bark) in the genomic DNA of diabetic Wistar rats.Methodology: 15 Streptozotocin-induced diabetic male rats and five non diabetic rats were randomly and evenly distributed into four groups, and were subsequently exposed to the following treatments for 14 days: Group I (Control): Distilled water (1ml/kg B.W); Group II: Normal saline (1ml/kg B.W); Group III: treated Diabetic rats (Metformin) (500m...

Neuroanatomy and physiology

           DEVELPMENT OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM The nervous system develops from neural plate. Which develops from thickening of the embryonic ectoderm that overlies the developing Notochord and adjacent mesenchyme, this occurs arround day 17/18------------------------------------ 

DERMATOHLYPHICS

Abstract The dermatoglyphic (lit.'skin-carvings') patterns of the hand are the intimate and private symbol of the individual. Although this is true of all the skin-ridge patterns on the surface of the hand as a whole, it is especially true of the digital dermatoglyphs, the fingerprints. Everybody knows that we each possess a unique set of fingerprints, a knowledge which is put to much use by police forces around the world, and moreover, that these patterns do not change. Their use as a m...

SOME EFFECTS OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF MISTLETOE (Tapinanthus globiferus) LEAF ON THE KIDNEY OF ADULT WISTAR RATS

The medicinal values of some species of Mistletoes (Tapinanthus globiferus) growing in the West African sub-region have been reviewed along with some considerations of their chemistries and local uses. Studies carried out revealed that mistletoes showed hypotensive, hypoglycemic etc.This present study was aimed at investigating some effects of aqueous extract of Tapinanthus globiferus leaves on the rat kidney.Thirty (30) adult Wister rats weighing (180-200) g were used for this experime...

Moringa protects against nicotine-induced morphological and oxidative damage in the frontal cortex of Wistar rats

The use of nicotine-containing substances has been implicated in oxidative-induced neuronal damage in several neurological dysfunctions. This study assessed the antioxidant potentials of Moringa tea on the frontal cortex of Wistar rats. Twenty female Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups of 5 animals each. Group A (control) received normal saline, Group B received 5.71 mg/kg of Moringa tea, Group C was treated with 13.76 mg/kg nicotine, while Group D received 5.71 mg/kg of Moringa tea and...

THE DEVELOPMENT OF CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AND RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

This concept involves the step by step processes associated with the formation and development of the human cardiovascular and respiratory system which together function to circulate oxygen and blood throughout the human body. These systems are complex in nature and their functionality is very vital for life.

THYROID GLAND; FUNCTIONS AND CLINICAL CORRELATES

The thyroid gland is the largest endocrine gland (Moore et al,2010). It is derived from the Greek words “glandula thyreoidea” which means “Gland” “shield like” respectively (Thomas Wharton, 1659). It is brownish-red in colour (Henry Gray,2010). The thyroid gland is located at the throat below the voice box (larynx), Laryngeal prominence or Adam’s Apple to be specific. The laryngeal prominence is a lump that is...