Research Papers/Topics in Medicine and Surgery

Awareness and Factors Influencing the Utilization of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Women in Ruhandagazi Parish, Bushenyi District.

ABSTRACT Background Cancer of the cervix is the second most common cancer in women worldwide and is a leading cause of cancer-related death in women in underdeveloped countries. Worldwide, approximately 500,000 cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed each year with 80% occurring in developing countries. Objective To assess the awareness and factors influencing the utilisation of cervical cancer screening among women in Ruhandagazi parish, Bushenyi district. Methods A community based cross-sect...

Factors Mitigating Intrauterine Device Use Among Women Attending Jinja Regional Referral Hospital-Uganda

ABSTRACT Despite the IUD’s numerous advantages, rates of use remain low in many areas of the world and have even declined recently in some developing countries. Significant factors that adversely affect use of IUD have been described in various areas. This study aimed to establish the factors mitigating use of intrauterine devices among women attending Jinja regional referral hospital. A prospective cross-sectional study design was used to conduct this study in which 323 consenting women w...

Assessing The Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Towards Mental Health Disorders Among Medical Students in Kiu-Th Ishaka Town, Bushenyi District

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Mental health is a crucial component of health that has not received appropriate visibility, policy attention and funding for many years, especially in low and middle income countries. In these countries, between 76% and 85% of people with severe mental disorders receive no treatment for these disorders The corresponding range is lower in high-income countries, between 35% and 50% (WHO 2013). In Africa and Southeast Asia, most countries spend less tha...

Factors Influencing the Utilization of Cervical Cancer Screening Services Among Female Nursing Students of Reproductive Age in Kiu-Western Campus.

ABSTRACT Background: Cervical cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among women in the low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Uganda. Cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm arising from cells originating in the cervical uteri. Cervical screening therefore is a way of preventing cancer by finding and treating early changes in the neck of the womb (cervix), these changes could lead to cervical cancer if left untreated. Objectives: The objectives of this study was to de...

Prevalence of Tuberculosis Among HIV Seropositive Patients Attending Antiretroviral Therapy Clinic at Tororo General Hospital, Tororo District

ABSTRACT HIV/ AIDS is an epidemic that is most prevalent in Uganda affecting people of different age groups, occupations and gender. It has a severe impact on the health status of the affected individuals. With the increase in the transmission of HIV, there is also an increase in the existence of TB as a co-infection. In this context, the aim of our study is to emphasize the prevalence of tuberculosis among HIV seropositive patients attending the ART clinics at Tororo Hospital, Tororo distri...

The Factors Affecting The Utilization Of Safe Male Circumcision's As HIV Preventive Strategy In Mitooma District, Western Uganda.

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Availability Of Cervical Cancer Screening Services In Bushenyi District( Rugazi Health Center Iv, Comboni Hospital, Kitagata Hospital And Kampala International University Teaching Hospital)

A cross-sectional study was done to find out the availability of cervical cancer screening services in Bushenyi district covering Rugazi Health centre IV, Comboni hospital, Kitagata hospital and Kampala International University Teaching hospital. 200 respondents comprised of women of childbearing age (15-49 years) attending antenatal care and those who had brought their children for immunization. 50 respondents were randomly sampled from each health unit. 50 health workers of different c...

Assessment Of The Health Outcomes Associated With Unsafe Abortion Among Teenagers In Kamuli Mission Hospital

ABSTRACT Abortion remains a major global health issue, approximately 44 million of the 210 million pregnancies that occur each year-end in induced abortion, and almost half of them(4.9%) are estimated to be unsafe. Unsafe abortion is highly prevalent in countries with restrictive abortion laws, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. Comprehensive access to effective contraception and sex education are effective means of reducing induced abortion, and less restrictive comp...

Prevalence And Characterization Of Dyspepsia Among College Students Of Kampala International University Western Campus

ABSTRACT Introduction: Dyspepsia is relatively non-specific, and includes general abdominal discomfort, early satiety and bloating. Patients often ignore the condition and not present to clinic until more severe symptoms manifest, such as belching, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, and pain(Mahadvera , 2010). With a global prevalence of uninvestigated dyspepsia tending to be as low as 7% and as high as 45%.(Shaib ,2004). Methodology: This was a cross sectional study, which was exploratory an...

Awareness Attitude Beliefs And Practices Of Family Planning In Ishaka Division

AWARENESS, ATTITUDE, BELIEFS AND PRACTICES OF FAMILY PLANNING IN ISHAKA DIVISION. Family planning encompasses the different ways and methods people use to plan for their family size. It goes beyond birth control to refer to a variety of issues that influence their choice of family planning, including awareness, attitudes and beliefs towards family planning. The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey, done to assess the awareness attitudes, beliefs and practices of family plannin...

Factors Affecting Adherence To Anti-retroviral Drugs (Arvs) Among Hiv/Aids Patients Attending Kawolo Hospital Hiv Art Clinic: Buikwe District Uganda

This study was set to examine factors affecting adherence to ARVs among HIV/AIDS patients attending Kawolo Hospital HIV Clinic Buikwe District. Adherence is an indication of the degree to which patients follow advice regarding the long term treatment (Hsu, 2005).Adherence involves a mutual decision making process between the patient and the health care provider. In adherence, therefore, the patient plays an active role in the decision and commitment to follow the prescribed regimen (Popu...

Salient Experiences And Opportunities Of Hiv Discordant Couples: A Case Study Of Mjap-mbarara Municipal Council Clinic

The study was aimed at assessing the salient experiences and opportunities couples living in HIV-sero discordant go through. A qualitative phenomenological study design was employed. Purposive sample of 8 couples were interviewed and data collected was by in-depths interview. Data analysis was done using thematic content analysis. The Developmental-contextual model was adapted & modified to direct the study. The study showed that HIV-discordant couples go through a lot of difficulties i...

Assessment Of Awareness , Attitudes And Perception Of Post Exposure Prohylaxis For Hiv Among Medical Students In Kampala International University July-september 2014.

Background : HIV is still one of the leading causes of Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa, medical students are relatively inexperienced and therefore at higher risk of exposure and infection, awareness on PEP could highly reduce this risk.Objective : To assess Awareness, Attitudes and perception towards PEP among students in kampala International University Western Campus.Methodology : A cross sectional descriptive study design. Simple random sampling technique was used and ...

Social Effects Of Nodding Syndrome On The Lives Of Children Living In Kitgum District Northern Uganda

ABSTRACT Introduction - The debilitating nature of nodding disease can have a significant socioeconomic impact of the individuals and families affected. A broad understanding of these sociodynamic effects is crucial for an integrated management of the disease. Objectives- General objective was to establish the social effects of Nodding syndrome among the children between the ages of 1-19 years of Kitgum district in Northern Uganda. Specific objectives included; identification of the soc...


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