Research Papers/Topics in Psychiatric Nursing

HIV/AIDS in Africa - a role for the mental health practitioner?

Introduction In the last few decades psychiatric discourse has undergone an important change in its' scope and focus. During the heady days of psychoanalytic hegemony, psychiatrists were willing to prognosticate or pontificate on just about anything, from individual neurosis through to social maladies, from medicine to literature, from the unconscious to the conscious. Nowadays, psychiatry self-consciously emphasizes its origins as 0 medical discipline, focuses its diognostic efforts...

The Effect Of Hiv Status On Childhood Deprivation, Depressive Symptoms And Quality Of Life Among Hiv-Infected And Uninfected Children: A Case-Control Study, Mbeya Tanzania

ABSTRACTBackground: HIV/AIDS pose a direct threat to child health and well-being, whichgives a burden of poverty to the household family and increase the risk of mentalhealth problems among HIV infected children.Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of HIV status onchildhood deprivation, depressive symptoms and quality of life among HIVinfectedand uninfected children aged from 7 to 17 years old.Method: A matched case-control study design was conducted by involving HIVin...

Depression and Disability: Comparisons with Common Physical Conditions in the Ibadan Study of Aging

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of depression andchronic physical conditions on disability in elderly persons.SETTING: Yoruba-speaking areas of Nigeria.DESIGN: Interviews.PATICIPANTS: Community-dwelling persons aged 65 andolder.METHOD: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with arepresentative sample of community-dwelling persons aged65 and older (N52,152) in the Yoruba-speaking areas ofNigeria (representing 22% of the national population).Major depressive disorder (MDD) wa...

Post-traumatic stress disorder among recently diagnosed patients with HIV/AIDS in South Africa

AbstractThis study examined the prevalence of and factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorderin recently diagnosed HIV/AIDS patients in South Africa. One hundred and forty-nine (44 male,105 female) recently diagnosed HIV/AIDS patients (mean duration since diagnosis/5.8 months,SD/4.1) were evaluated. Subjects were assessed using the MINI International NeuropsychiatricInterview (MINI), the Carver Brief COPE coping scale and the Sheehan Disability Scale. In addition,previous exposur...

Determinants of unprotected sex among HIV-positive patients in South Africa

Abstract This study examined the prevalence of unprotected sex, other sexual risk behaviours, andfactors associated with unprotected sex among men and women recently diagnosed with HIV in SouthAfrica. One hundred and forty-nine outpatients (44 males and 105 females) were assessed, of whom101 were sexually active at least 6 months prior to study entry. Subjects were asked about sexual riskbehaviours with reference to their most recent sexual encounter. Logistic regression analysis wasemployed ...

Predictors of Major Depression in Recently Diagnosed Patients with HIV/AIDS in South Africa

ABSTRACTThere is increasing evidence that major depression impacts the course of HIV infection, yetfew studies have explored demographic and clinical predictors of depression in people whowith HIV/AIDS. This study investigated predictors of depression (e.g., demographic and clinicalvariables, negative life events, and coping response) among outpatients with recently diagnosedHIV/AIDS patients in South Africa. One hundred forty-nine recently diagnosedHIV/AIDS patients (44 males and 105 females...

Determinants of quality of life of elderly Nigerians: results from the Ibadan Study of Ageing

AbstractBackground—Little is known about factors that determine the QoL of elderly persons living indeveloping societies undergoing rapid social changes.Method—A representative sample of elderly Nigerians, aged 65 years and over (n= 2152), wasassessed for QoL using the World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument (WHOQoLBref).Other than sociodemographic factors, respondents were also evaluated for major depressivedisorder, physical conditions as well as for social network, support...

PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT BREACH, PERCEIVED JUSTICE AND EMPLOYEE RETALIATORY BEHAVIOUR IN THE INFORMAL SECTOR

ABSTRACTThis study examined the relationships between psychological contract breach, perceived justice and employee retaliatory behaviour and the moderating roles of religiosity and perceived psychological contract in informal organisational settings. A sample of 150 informal sector employees from ages sixteen to fifty-seven participated in the study. All participants responded to questionnaires on perceived psychological contract, psychological contract breach, perceived justice, employee re...

Premorbid Functioning in Schizophrenia: A Controlled Study of Nigerian Patients

ABSTRACTWe compared the premorbid social adjustment of 38 schizophrenic patients with that of 20 manic patients. Even though the small sample size affected the number of significant differences obtained, schizophrenic patients consistently showed evidence of poorer premorbid functioning than manics at various stages of social development. Schizophrenic men also tended to have functioned more poorly than women. Poor premorbid functioning was associated with negative syndrome, but not wi...

Psychopathology and coping in recently diagnosed HIV/AIDS patients- the role of gender

Although there is growing literature on the psychological responses to and the psychopathology associated with HIV I AIDS, few investigations have focused on the role of gender. This study compared psychiatric morbidity, coping responses, and disability in male and female outpatients recently diagnosed with HIV I AIDS. Method. One hundred and forty-nine patients (44 male, 105 female) with HIV I AIDS (mean ± standard deviation (SD) months since dia...

Incidence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Childhood and Adulthood

ABSTRACT This study titled “the incidence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder “ADHD” was carried out in ECWA School of Nursing on student nurses as a study group for the research. The major objective is to explore, determine and analyze the incidence rate of the occurrence of this disorder and also considered secondary purpose is the awareness of the study group and the society at large about ADHD.  Non – experimental Descriptive methodology was the style whereby seventy ques...

PREVALENCE AND FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR TRAMADOL ABUSE AMONG YOUTHS IN PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL CALABAR.

These study is structurally designed to determine the prevalence and factors responsible for Tramadol Abuse among patients in Federal Neuropsychiatric hospital calabar, Nigeria between 2013 and 2018. It's aimed at determining the sociodemographic characteristics associated with Tramadol abusers and the perceived psychological, and socioeconomic  factor responsible for it's abuse as well as preferring recommendations and interventions for curbing the situation. 

The Effectiveness of Substance Abuse Management: Perspectives of Nurses in Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Aro, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study assessed the perspectives of nurses in Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Aro, Abeokuta, Nigeria on the effectiveness of substance abuse management. It made use of a descriptive research design. The study was conducted at the Department of Nursing, Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Aro, Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria. A sample size of hundred nurses was used. This was calculated using thirty percent of the target population (ninety nurses) at ten percent error (ten nurses) to accommo...


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