Public Health Research Papers/Topics

Determinants of Voluntary HIV/AIDS Counseling and Testing among University Students in Ghana

Aim: The onset of the new global pandemics such as COVID-19 and Ebola may have shifted attention from factors affecting voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) for HIV/AIDS, especially among university students. The study sought to determine the factors influencing VCT uptake among university students. Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted at the University for Development Studies, from May to June 2020. Methodology: The study popul...

Microbial World (Antimicrobial Resistance in Humans) - MBI9005 - One Health

The antimicrobial resistance (AMR) infections have been on a persistence increase and thus; a worldwide public health emergency (Wright, 2013, Bennani et al., 2020). Infections that cannot be treated with leading antimicrobials with broad spectrum ability, such as the cephalosporin and uoroquinolones are huge concern, as they are multidrug-resistant infections(Woolhouse and Ward, 2013). Also, infections associated with AMR have been linked to a protracted hospital admission, thus increasing t...

A Case Study Discussing the Link Between E-Cigarette Smoking and Mental Health Disorders Amongst the Youth in the United States (US)-- A Public Health Assignment

ABSTRACT E-cigarette smoking is linked to mental health disorders in youth in the US, with studies showing significant associations. Sexual minorities may be at higher risk of stress-related substance use behaviours and mental health disorders. This case study examines the behavioural consequences and long-term adverse health effects of youth smoking. This case study examines the link between e-cigarette smoking and mental health disorders among US youth. The introduction of electronic cigare...

Environmental Pollution in Efurun Market, Uvwie Local Government, Delta State

ABSTRACT  Environmental pollution is a major concern in Efurun Market, Delta State, Nigeria. It includes air, water, and noise pollution, causing health issues and ecological imbalances. Addressing pollution through waste management strategies, stricter regulations, and public awareness campaigns is crucial for a healthier environment. Efurun Market faces air, water, and noise pollution issues, with higher levels reported near main roads and certain land uses. Factors like road grade, vehicl...

Neonatal Resuscitation in Ghana: A Qualitative Study of MEBCI Intervention at Juaso Government Hospital

The main aim of the study is to explore midwives’ knowledge, attitude and experience on the use of MEBCI intervention in neonatal resuscitation at Juaso Government Hospital in Ghana

Erratum: COVID-19 Home Remedies and Myths Becoming a Hazardous Health Infodemic?

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) brought on several social, economic, political, and environmental challenges. What was mostly questioned was the efficacy of the Disaster Management Act 57 of 2002 (As Amended 16 of 2015) (DMA), which was used to declare COVID-19 a disaster. The concern was whether the DMA is able to deal with pandemics when its focus is mostly on climate-related disasters. Most public health emergencies experience the spread of overwhelming information, some of which ...

Investigating the Prevention and Mitigatory Role of Risk Communication in the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study of Bloemfontein, South Africa

The South African disaster response activities surpass risk reduction since the implementation of the Disaster Management Act 57 of 2002 (DMA) and the National Disaster Management Framework of 2005 (NDMF). Risk reduction, in particular risk communication, remained unexploited until the occurrence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The legislation and policy mandate a proactive approach for disaster management, requiring a focus on disaster risk reduction. Therefore, this st...

Women's Mental Health: The Impact of COVID-19 and the Need for Immediate Action to Address It

Part of the global pandemic response governments needs to invest in is mental health interventions that are comprehensive, innovative, available, and accessible. Emergency mental health and psychosocial support must be provided for women during the pandemic, as well as during the recovery phase post-pandemic. The research documented by Brian J. Honermannon past epidemics highlighted the consequences of infectious disease outbreaks on mental health. Even though the COVID-19 pandemic is a phys...

Effects of Covid-19 Pandemic on Mental Well-being of the People of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria

Abstract The study assessed the effects of covid-19 pandemic on mental well-being of the people of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. The Purposes of the study are to identify if financial constraints, post-traumatic stress and anxiety will be effects of COVID-19 pandemic on mental well-being of the people of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. A descriptive research design of survey type was employed for this study. The population for this s...

Prevalence and Strategies to Reduce Malnutrition Among Children of 0-5 years in Ifedore LGA, Ondo State, Nigeria.

Abstract Malnutrition remains one of the major problems confronting children in Sub-Saharan Africa(SSA). The nutritional status of children influences their health status, which is a key determinant of child survival. Therefore, the improvement of children’s nutritional status increases the chances of child survival and is considered as a precondition for their contribution to the community as well as human development. The study was carried out to examine the prevalence and strategies to r...

Timeline of the Biggest Pandemics in History

Introduction A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν, pan, "all" and δῆμος, demos, "local people" the 'crowd') is an epidemic of an infectious disease that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple continents or worldwide, affecting a substantial number of people. A widespread endemic disease with a stable number of infected people is not a pandemic A pandemic is the global outbreak of a disease. When an epidemic spreads beyond a country’s borders, that’s when th...

Factors influencing men’s involvement in antenatal care services: a cross-sectional study in a low resource setting, Central Tanzania

Abstract Background: Men’s involvement can impact the delays in the decision to seek health care and in reaching a health facility, which are contributing causes for increased maternal mortality. Despite of the call to involve men in antenatal care, their participation is not well understood. This study aimed to determine the level of men’s involvement in antenatal care and the factors influencing their involvement in these services. Methods: A cross sectional study of 966 randomly selec...

Are Tanzanian health facilities ready to provide management of chronic respiratory diseases? An analysis of national survey for policy implications

Abstract Introduction Chronic respiratory diseases in Tanzania are prevalent and a silent burden to the affected population, and the healthcare system. We aimed to explore the availability of services and level of health facilities readiness to provide management of chronic respiratory diseases and its associated factors. Methods The current study is a secondary analysis of the 2014–2015 Tanzania Service Provision Assessment Survey data. Facilities were considered to have a high readiness ...


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