Public Health Research Papers/Topics

Evaluation of a School-based Reproductive Health Education Program in Rural South Western, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This quasi-experimental study compared the relative efficacy of teacher instructions alone, peer education alone, and a combination of these two on reproductive health knowledge, attitude, perceived self-efficacy and sexual practices among secondary schools students in the lbarapa district of Southwestern Nigeria. 1 baseline questionnaire was administered to a systematic sample of students ill four schools that were randomized into four rrearment arms: teacher instructions alone (E'l...

Perceptions of sexual coercion: learning from young people in Ibadan, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study explored the problem of sexual coercion from the perspectives of 77 young people aged 14- 2 7 in Ibodan, Nigeria, the behaviours they perceive to be sexually coercive and the con texts in which these occur through four narrative workshops. Participants were drawn from two secondary schools and 15 apprentice workshops. All four groups identified similar coercive behaviours and developed narratives of the events that typically lead up to them. Behaviours included rape, unwan...

Patterns of Mother-Daughter Communication for Reproductive Health Knowledge Transfer in Southern Nigeria

ABSTRACT Many reproductive health studies have examined trends and outcomes of adolescent sexual behaviour but have overlooked the patterns of reproductive communication between mothers and daughters that have implications on girls’ reproductive wellbeing. Although there is a need to safeguard adolescent health, not enough work exists at the interface between female reproductive change and communication. The patterns of communication determine the effectiveness of reproductive knowledge tr...

The age of opportunity: prevalence of key risk factors among adolescents 10–19 years of age in nine communities in sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract  Objective: To measure health-related behaviours and risk factors among sub-Saharan African adolescents. methods Cross-sectional study in nine communities in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Eswatini, Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda between 2015 and 2017. Community-representative samples of males and females 10–19 years of age were selected. All communities used a uniform questionnaire that was adapted from the WHO Global School-based Student Health Survey. Weighted prevalence estimate...

Intestinal Schistosomiasis Among Primary Schoolchildren In Two On-Shore Communities In Rorya District, Northwestern Tanzania: Prevalence, Intensity Of Infection And Associated Risk Factors

In Tanzania, Schistosoma mansoni is of great public health importance. Understanding the prevalence and infection intensity is important for targeted, evidence-based control strategies. This study aimed at studying the prevalence, intensity, and risk factors of S. mansoni among schoolchildren in the study area. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Busanga and Kibuyi villages. Sampled 513 schoolchildren provided stool specimens which were examined using kato-katz method. Pretested question...

Adherence To Standards Of First-Visit Antenatal Care Among Providers: A Stratified Analysis Of Tanzanian Facility-Based Survey For Improving Quality Of Antenatal Care

Introduction Despite the benefits of early antenatal care visits for early prevention, detection, and treatment of potential complications in pregnancy, a high level of provider adherence to first-visit antenatal care standards is needed. However, little information is available regarding provider adherence to antenatal care in Tanzania. This study was performed to assess provider adherence to first-visit antenatal care standards and to apply stratified analysis to identify associated factor...

Design And Field Methods Of The ARISE Network Adolescent Health Study

The ARISE Network Adolescent Health Study is an exploratory, community-based survey of 8075 adolescents aged 10–19 in 9 communities in 7 countries: Burkina Faso, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda. Communities were selected opportunistically and existing population cohorts maintained by health and demographic surveillance systems (HDSSs). The study is intended to serve as a first round of data collection for African adolescent cohorts, with the overarching goal of gener...

Concerns and Needs of Support Among Guardians of Children on Cancer Treatment in Dar es Salaam: A Qualitative Study

Background:Cancer in children in Tanzania is a concerning health issue, yet there is a shortage of information about the experiences of the guardians of children who receive cancer treatment. Objective:To explore concerns and needs of support among guardians of children on cancer treatment in Dares Salaam, Tanzania. Method:Using a qualitative design,3 focus group discussions were held with 22 guardians of children aged 9 to 17 years. Guardians were recruited from Muhimbili National Hospital, ...

Sexual Behavior And Experience Of Sexual Coercion Among Secondary School Students In Three States In North Eastern Nigeria

Abstract Background: Interest in the reproductive health of adolescents continues to grow throughout the world. Few studies had explored the reproductive health knowledge, sexual behavior and experience of sexual coercion among secondary school students in North Eastern states of Nigeria. The objectives of this descriptive survey were to collect data to plan appropriate interventions that meet the reproductive health knowledge, service and skills needs of students in Bauchi, Borno and Gombe s...

HIV Risk-Related Behavior, Sexual Coercion, and Implications for Prevention Strategies among Female Apprentice Tailors, Ibadan, Nigeria

We describe a survey of 300 young female apprentice tailors in a periurban community in Ibadan, Nigeria. The objectives were to assess HIV risk-related behavior in order to plan appropriate prevention interventions. Most apprentice tailors were 18-21 years old (68%), single (95%), and had not completed secondary school (98%). History of sexual intercourse was reported by 53 %; 42 % had ever experienced unwanted touching of the breast, backside, shoulder, or waist; 4% reported being raped in t...

PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM CHANGE INTO THE 21ST CENTURY

ABSTRACT In the past few years, public health incidents have occurred that have caused some alarm in Canada. These include communicable disease outbreaks such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Influenza and Influenza-Like-Illness (ILI) and water-borne diseases such as Escherichia coli 0157:H7 (Ecoli) and gastroenteritis. There were also environment incidents that occurred such as those caused by Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins, furans, and microcystine. On the global scen...

ADVERSE DRUG REACTION: A LOCAL AND GLOBAL PUBLIC HEALTH MENACE

Adverse drug reactions (ADR) occur frequently and globally, accounting for a significant number of fatalities each year.1, 2 Drugs remain the most common medical interventions used to relieve sufferings, but could also prove fatal.  As the saying goes ‘‘Drugs are Double Edged Weapons’’ 1 and nearly all medicines are capable of causing injuries.

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE BREAST

1.Anatomy and physiology of breast cancer 2.the lymphatic system of the breast 3.structure of the breast 4.Breast development 5.classification of breast cancer 6.Hormone status of breast cancer 7.Area of the breast where cancer grows

Theoretical Underpinning of Alcohol Use and Misuse in the UK

Abstract Alcohol use and misuse is one of the serious epidemics confronting public health institutions around the world, in recognition of its damaging effect to health. This study therefore considers the influence of alcohol in the UK. It uses three theories of addiction which include psychopathology theory, learning behaviour theory and WHO biopsychosocial theory to evaluate the impact of alcohol consumption. It finds that young adults in the UK are vulnerable to alcoholic consumption in...

A Critical Comparison of Depression Among Adolescents in Nigeria and the United Kingdom (UK)

Background According to the WHO (2014 d), depression is the number one cause of health problems and disability amongst adolescents (age 10-19 years). Furthermore, suicide which is the third leading cause of death amongst this age group is strongly associated with severe forms of depression (WHO 2014d). Evidence indicates that half of the mental health disorders in adulthood start during adolescence (WHO 2014d).Therefore, proper intervention and prevention of mental health problems amongst ad...


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