Research Papers/Topics in Radiology

Estimation of Ocular Axial Length Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technique Among Adults in Jos Metropolis, North-Central Nigeria.

ABSTRACT The purposes of this study are to generate an indigenous normogram for ocular axial lengths in a Nigerian population, determine whether there are differences in axial lengths between the right and left eye and among different adult age groups. The study will also determine whether there are differences in axial lengths between males and females and possible racial differences between Nigerians and Caucasians. This prospective, cross sectional study involving one hundred (100) Nigeria...

Epidemiological Pattern of Presentation of Paragonimus Infection in the Human Host in South East Nigeria and Their Correlative Sonographic Findings in Some Organs

ABSTRACT In a cross-sectional survey, 304 subjects whose sputum and faeces tested positive for paragonimus out of a total of 1125 from Amagunze, Lokpanta and Oduma which are areas known for the parasite endemicity in Southeast Nigeria were enlisted into the study. The liver, spleen, and kidney of these subjects were sonographically examined in order to characterize the sonographic features specific for paragonimus in these organs. A total number of 456 subjects were also enlisted as control. ...

Evaluation of Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Clinical Findings for Brain Stroke Patients in Khartoum State

Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate of the diffusion magnetic resonance imaging with clinical findings for brain stroke patients in Khartoum state, to evaluate the doctor's experience about the diffusion weighted imaging for brain stroke, measure the accuracy of diffusion weighted imaging in detection brain stroke, compare the DWI findings and the conventional MRI protocols findings for brain stroke, determine the most clinical findings for brain stroke and to determine the MRI depa...

Study of Coronary Artery Disease in Diabetes Mellitus patients using Cardiac Catheterization

Cardiac catheterization (heart cath) is Radiological Procedure by insertion of a catheter into a chamber or vessel of the heart followed by injection of contrast media . This is done both for diagnostic and interventional purposes. Subsets of this technique are mainly coronary catheterization, involving the catheterization of the coronary arteries, and catheterization of cardiac chambers and valves of the cardiac system, The history of cardiac catheterization dates back to Stephen Hales...

Assessment Of The Ischemic Acute Stroke Using Magnetic Resonance Diffusion Weighted Imaging

Abstract Diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) is highly sensitive in detecting early cerebral ischemic changes in acute stroke patients. This study aimed to show the role of diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) in the diagnosis of acute stroke. In this study, we compared the role of DWI with that of conventional MRI techniques. Furthermore, we compared the size of ischemic lesions on DWI scans with the fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images. We performed T1-weighted imaging (T1WI), T2-weight...

Abdominal Ultrasonography in HIV/AIDS Patients in Southwestern Nigeria

Abstract Background Though the major target of the HIV-virus is the immune system, the frequency of abdominal disorders in HIV/AIDS patients has been reported to be second only to pulmonary disease. These abdominal manifestations may be on the increase as the use of antlretroviral therapy has increased life expectancy and improved quality of life. Ultrasonography is an easy to perform, non invasive, inexpensive and safe imaging technique that is invaluable in Africa where AIDS is most prev...

Evaluation of Liver Tumors using Computed Tomography

Triphasic liver CT enables characterization of a wide range of focal liver lesions.  The general objective of the study is to evaluate the role of CT in diagnosis of liver lesions. And furthermore to determine which lesion in the liver with high incidence, and to find out the geographic distribution of the liver lesions in Sudan. Sixty patients found to have focal tumoral liver lesions were recruited for 4 months period and their triphasic CT scans findings were evaluated and later correlate...

Study of Congestive heart failure (CHF) Disease using chest x-ray and Electrocardiogram (ECG) in Sudanese patients.

The aim of the following study was to study the congestive heart failure (CHF)disease by using chest x-ray and ECG in Sudanese Patients ,the study taking a sample of 120 patients from Khartoum, Omdurman,Aljazeera, and Kosti hospitals. And the variables  were: the age, gender, and clinical history, etiology, habits, BMI, heart/chest ratio, enlarged chamber and the relative deviated wave in ECG. The data analysis showed that: CHF is predominant among male with a percent of 56% relative t...

Accidental Ingestion of a Drawing Pin: A Case of an Unusual Foreign Body in the Oesophagus

INTRODUCTION  Foreign body impaction in the oesophagus is a quite common occurrence but 90% of such foreign bodies pass through the digestive tract to be eliminated in stools. The incidence of complications following ingestion of foreign bodies is surprisingly low. It was 10% in a study of 2400 cases by Nanchi and Ong. Presented below is a case of a young boy who accidentally swallowed a drawing pin and in whom plain radiographs confirmed the presence and location of the foreign body. Endosc...

Classification of X-ray forUpper Limbs Trauma

The main objective of this study was to classify trauma which occur in upper limbs by using x-ray objectively. The data of this study collected from 53 patients examined by upper limbs X-ray in East Nile Hospital (Modern Hospital in Khartoum – Sudan) in the period from September 2014 to May 2015 using Digital Philips machine. The data were collected use measuring fracture healing and three variables patient height, weight, and body mass index.. The results of the study showed that mal...

Study of anatomical variations of the sphenoid sinus among Sudanese using Computed Tomography

With the expanding use of the functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), proper understanding of the sphenoid sinus anatomy has become increasingly important. Knowledge of the size and extent of pneumatization of sphenoid sinus is an important to avoid any complications during surgery. This descriptive study was conducted in Sudan - Khartoum to study the anatomical variations of sphenoid sinus among Sudanese using ct scan. 70 images of ct for para nasal sinus (35males and 35females) we...

Evaluation of Cerebral White Matter Changes for Sudanese Hypertensive Patients Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging

The aim of this study was to evaluate the cerebral white matter changes for Sudanese hypertensive patients using magnetic resonance imaging. The sample consisted of thirty subjects randomly chosen from modern medical center and Asiahospital, they divided into control group and hypertensive group, both underwent magnetic resonance scans for the brain by (1.5T or 0.2T) machine using comparable protocols included (T1, T2 and Fluid Attenuated Inversion Recovery pulse sequences), a semi-quant...

Assessment of Brain Findings in Sudanese Patients with Headache Using Computed Tomography

The purpose of this descriptive cross sectional study was to evaluate the computed tomography findings of the brain in patients with headache. The study used (85) patients with headache who underwent a computed tomography scan of the brain in Amal National Hospital, the sample contained both gender (38 males and 47 females). Patients were examined in this study, ranging in age (18-65 years old) with the predominant age group (26-35 years), which accounted for 40% of the sample. All pati...

Evaluation of ExtraAxial Brain Hemorrhage Using Computed Tomography

The extra axial brain hemorrhage causes mortality when not early diagnosed and treated. The study aimed to evaluate the extra axial brain hemorrhage using computed tomography. Collcted all the patients from Ibrahim Malik Hospital from march to may 2016 .Non contrast computed tomography was done in all patients . The result from 60 patients with different age and gender diagnosed as extra axial brain hemorrhage.In this study peak incidence was among the age between (41-50 year),(63.3...

Pattern Of Asymptomatic Sexually Transmitted Infections In Women Undergoing Hysterosalpingography For Infertility Evaluation In Ibadan Nigeria

ABSTRACT The roles of gonorrhea and non-gonococcal urethritis due to Chlamydia trachomatis in the etiology of infertility due to tubal occlusion have been established by various studies. Hysterosalphingography WSG) is done to investigate tubal patency. This study was aimed at finding the prevalence of Wptomatic sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in women being investigated for infertility in a tertiary institution. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of asymptomatic infertile women ...


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