Research Papers/Topics in Biochemistry

Assessment of some micronutrient in sesamum indicum

ABSTRACTSesamun indicum is used for both domestic and commercial purpose in Northern Nigeria, this research is aimed at assessing some micronutrients in sesamum indicum seed in Nguru town, using atomic absorption spectroscopy, spectrophotometric and flame photometric techniques in order to determine the elemental concentrations of  some elements in sesame seeds collected from Nguru town, Nguru local government of Yobe state, Nigeria. The results showed the presence of sodium (Na), potassium ...

Student industrial work experience report at Nigerian Bottling Company, Asejire

 ABSTRACTThe students industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) is a skill impacting program designed to expose and prepare students of universities and other tertiary institutions for the industrial work situation that may be encountered after school. My SIWES program was undertaken at Nigeria Bottling Company limited, Asejire plant, Ibadan; a company that deals with the manufacturing of non-alcoholic beverage products such as Coca-Cola, limca, Fanta orange etc. The company has vario...

Comparative biochemical effect ofoleanolic acid and rutin on acute kidney injury in wistar rats

ABSTRACTThe inability of an organism to efficiently remove excess waste from the body have been a major issues attached to acute kidney injury (AKI) which is the most common cause of organ dysfunction. Oleanolic acid and rutin which are from the families of saponin and flavonoid respectively have been discovered to possess certain biological activities such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammation, anti-viral and nephroprotective activities that can help in therapeutic management of acute k...

COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSES, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES AND PROXIMATE ANALYSES OF NESCAFE CAFFEINATED, DECAFFEINATED AND LIVEN ALKALINE COFFEE

ABSTRACTThe consumption of the popular beverage coffee, increases day by day. However, upcoming brands of coffee with health benefits made by claims of the product ignites curiosity in the components of the coffee. The current study deals with the phytochemical analysis, antioxidant capacity and proximate analysis of Liven Alkaline Coffee, Nescafe Caffeinated and Nescafe Decaffeinated coffee performed using standard procedures. The phytochemical analysis revealed higher contents of carbohydra...

The Toxicological Effects of Cypermethrin Administration on the Liver, Kidney, Brain and Bone Marrow of Female Rats and the Possible Ameliorative Effects of the Methalonic Leaf Extract of Jat

TABLE OF CONTENTSContents pagesCover page iDeclaration iiCertification iiiDedication ivAcknowledgement vAbstract viTable of content List of FiguresList of PlatesList of TablesCHAPTER ONEItroduction 11.1 Justification 31.2 Objectives 41.3 AimCHAPTER TWOLiterature Review2.1 Pesticide2.1.1 Uses of pesticides2.1.2 Types of Pesticides2.1.3 Cypermethrin2.1.3.1 Mechanism of Action of Cypermet...

Serum Liver Enzymes Profile and Antioxidant Status of Male Wistar Rats Following Feeding with Cocos Nucifera

The work was aimed at investigating the effect of Cocus nucifera on male albino rats. A number of rats were placed in groups and all groups were fed Cocus nucifera except one group, the control group. Analysis of results was done with ANOVA.

EFFECT OF SHEA BUTTER (Vitellaria paradoxa) RICHDIET ON GENTAMICIN INDUCED NEPHROTOXICITY IN RATS

Abstract The effect of Shea butter rich diet on gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity in rats was determined. Thirty (30) male and female albino rats grouped into 6 (normal, negative, positive, 10%, 20% and 30% Shea butter rich diet groups respectively) of 5 rats each were used for the study. Phytochemical analysis was carried out on the Shea butter used for this study which revealed the presence of saponin, tannin, alkaloid, terpenoid, flavonoid, and reducing sugar, while coumarin was absent. N...

COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF PHYTOCHEMICAL CONTENT AND ANTIOXIDANT POTENTIAL OF Azadirachta indica AND Parquetina nigrescens LEAVES

ABSTRACTComparative assessment of the phytochemical content and antioxidant potential of Azadirachta indica (neem) and Parquetina nigrescens (bullock) is the aim of this study. In order to achieve this, both plants were harvested from the botanical garden, University of Ibadan. The leaves were removed from the stem, washed with running water to remove contaminants, oven dried at 37˚C and milled into powder.The qualitative analyses of both plants were investigated after which six selected phy...

EFFECTOF METHANOL EXTRACT OF cirtullus lanatus SEEDSON HEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN MODULATION OF DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE ESTRADIOL VELERATE INDUCED BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA IN MALE WISTAR RA

Citrullus lanatus is medicinal plants believed to have many agents acting in different ways for the health benefits of human. This study investigated the acute phytochemical contents and effect of the methanol extract on weight changes, relative organ weight, hematological parameters and biomarkers of prostate dysfunction. The result indicated the presence of alkaloids, terpenes, flavonoids, Reducing sugar, tannins and phenols. Acute toxicity studies showed that the extract was safe at 5000mg...

Electrolyte Content of Some Soft Drinks

AbstractSoft drinks are consumed daily in Nigeria due to their characteristic taste, palatability, affordability and thirst quenching potential. This study quantifies the amount of electrolytes of Biochemical significance in selected soft drinks sold in Port Harcourt and their pH values. The samples included six frequently consumed soft drinks; (Coke, Sprite, Fayrouz, Mountain-Dew, Fanta and Pepsi). The results showed that the samples contain relatively high amount of Sodium(Na+) ranging from...

STUDY ON PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND PROXIMATE ANALYSIS OF CENTAUREA PRAECOX Oliv and Hiern

ABSTRACTPhytochemical and proximate analyses were carried out on leafy stem and flower head extract of Centaurea praecox grown in Sokoto, using standard methods. The result of phytochemical analysis shows that the flower head contain 1.67mg/100g Alkaloid, 2.50mg/100 saponins, 5.20mg/100g flavonoid, 4.07mg/100g Steroid. The proximate analyses revealed that the flower head contain 3% moisture, 11.5% Ash, 3% crude lipid, 3.5% crude protein, 25% crude fibre and 57% carbohydrate. The mineral an...

Antioxidative Properties of Sida Coryembosa in Ethanol

In Africa traditional studies have shown that herbal medicine proves to be one of the best forms of treatment mensure to preventing or managing a disease condition. Sida coryembosa is a plant gotten from the eastern part of Nigeria Nnewe north to be precise and certain claims and attributes has been said about the plant in wound healing and a possible treatment to peptic ulcer as a result of oxidative stress. The roots, stems and leaves were used for the research. 100grams of each was weighed...

Phytochemical Constituents and in vitro antioxidant activity of the stem bark and oil extract of Allanblackia floribunda plant

ABSTRACT This study focused on the comparative study of the phytochemical constituents, in vitro antioxidant activity of the stem bark and seed oil extracts of Allanblackia floribunda. The phytochemical screening revealed that both extracts contain flavonoids, tannins, cardiac glycosides, alkaloids and saponins while terpenoids are absent in the stem bark extract but present in the seed oil extracts. However, the quantitative studies showed that proanthocyanidin, total phenol, total ...

In vitro ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF METHANOL, ETHANOL AND HEXANE EXTRACTS OF Azadirachta indica LEAVES.

ABSTRACTAzadirachta indica, commonly known as Neem, has attracted worldwide prominence in recent years as a cynosure of modern medicine owing to its wide range of medicinal properties. This study was carried out to investigate the phytochemical properties and antioxidant activity of the multi-solvent (methanol, ethanol and hexane) extracts of the leaves of Azadirachta indica of Meliaceae family. The extracts were investigated for phytochemical constituents such as tannins, saponins, alkaloids...

Phytochemical Screening and Proximate Analysis of Aloe Vera Growing on Highland and Lowland Areas of Sokoto Metropolis

ABSTRACTPhytochemical and Proximate analyses of two samples of Aloe vera from variable habitats (highland and lowland) of Sokoto metropolis were accessed. Phytochemical and proximate compositions of highland sample were 8.16mg/100g of Saponin, 3.40mg/100g of Glycoside, 1.80mg/100g of Alkaloid and 2.50mg/100g of Anthraquinone. Proximate constituents’ analysis revealed 6% of Moisture, 10.5% of Ash, 2.5% of Crude lipid, 8.13% of Crude protein, 1% of Crude fibre and 70.57% of Carbohydrate respe...


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