Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) has become increasingly popular in the last few decades due to its very rich mathematical structure and therefore forming the theoretical basis for use in a wide range of real-life applications such as in speech and image recognition, motion analysis in videos, bio-informatics among others. However, an effective optimization of the parameters of these Models for enhanced performance has remained computationally challenging and there is no generally agreed method th...

In this thesis, a number of solutions are proposed to enhancing and improving the security and confidentiality of Cloud Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Data. Firstly, the Asmuth-Bloom, Blakley, Mignote and other Secret Sharing Schemes (SSS) are reviewed, adopted and modified in order to present a relatively improved secret sharing scheme. Conditions for the scheme is also presented as well as algorithms for implementation of the scheme presented by this research. Secondly, a hybrid of two ...

Introduction In Mathematics class in every discussion or lesson to be tackled, there is a part where students or learners tend to be exposed to problem-solving. An activity that stimulates those learners to understand today's topic or access their mastery of the lesson that the teacher teaches. The ability to solve problems is a basic life skill and is essential to our day-to-day lives, at home, at school, at home, and at work. We solve problems every day with or without thinking about how we...

ABSTRACT We have modelled an open channel flow through a porous media (River). In the model, we considered water as an incompressible fluid; the flow as steady and uniform; the system is assumed to be isothermal and the flow, also a laminar flow. We have solved the resulting equation using analytical method. By some mathematical operations, the momentum partial differential equation (PDE) was reduced to ordinary differential equation (ODE) and the resulting equations are solved analytically u...

TABLE OF CONTENT Title Page - - - - - - - - - i Approval Page- - - - - - - - - ii Certification - - - - - - - - - iii Dedication - - - - - - - - - iv Acknowledgement - - - - - - - - v Table of Content - - - - - - - - vi Abstract - - - - - - - - - vii Chapter One : Introduction - - - - - - 1 1.1 Background of the Study - - - - - - - 1 1.2 Aims and Objective of the Study - - - - - - 5 1.3 Limitations - - - - - - - - 6 1.4 Scope of the study - - - - - - - 6 1.5 The Study- - - - - - - - - 6 1.6 D...

ABSTRACT We considered the evolutional problems in two-dimensional autonomous system. We showed that the bifurcating steady solutions are obtained from the points of intersection of the two conic sections and we used the implicit function theorem to justify their existence, and also we applied the Lyapunov theorem to establish their stability. CONTENTS Title Page i Certification ii Dedication iii Acknowledgement iv Contents v Abstract vi Chapter One INTRODUCTION 1 Chapter Two LITERATURE REVIE...

ABSTRACT A mathematical model consisting of a set of two coupled non-linear reaction diffusion equations has been developed. The model is based on the chemical kinetics of transesterification for biodiesel production using irreversible and non-catalytic conditions. Employing the hyperbolic tangent approach, an exact analytical solution for the travelling-waves of a finite series form was found. The wave number and the speed of the wave were determined. Furthermore,physical interpretations wer...

ABSTRACT In this work, we propose mathematical models for the processes that take place in the human eye and how they contribute to the development of pathological states. We considered and studied two related dynamics processes that take place in the eye. Firstly, a generalized mathematical model of aqueous humour flow driven by temperature gradient in the anterior chamber is presented. This predicts the flow behavior when the ambient temperature is higher than the core body temperature. The...

ABSTRACT Let H be a real Hilbert space and K a nonempty, closed convex subset of H.Let T : K → K be Lipschitz pseudo-contractive map with a nonempty fixed points set. We introduce a modified Ishikawa iterative algorithm for Lipschitz pseudo-contractive maps and prove that our new iterative algorithm converges strongly to a fixed point of T in real Hilbert space. Contents Certification ii Dedication iii Acknowledgement iv Abstract viii 1 Introduction 1 1.1 General Introduction . . . . . . . ...

ABSTRACT A mathematical model, describing glucose, insulin and β-cells mass dynamics of a type 2 diabetic patient was developed in the form of a system of ordinary differential equation, considering insulin resistance, the body inability to overcome the resistance and the fact that glucose production from food intake is not constant. Numerical solution of the model using RungeKutta code in MATLAB, graphically shows rise in blood glucose concentration and further decline over time in glucose ...

Abstract This project is concerned with the review of some boundary value problems for nonlinear ordinary differential equations using topological and variational methods. A more classical boundary value problems for ordinary differential equations (like the boundary value problems on a ball, initial value problems, problems on annular domains and positone problems) which represent the main interest of a wide number of researchers in the world is studied. Contents Certification ii Dedication ...

ABSTRACT Mathematical Models describing the variations in the volume of the system, concentration of reactant (s) yet to react, temperature of the system, and the temperature of the cooling jacket over time in a non-isothermal CSTR that handles a simple, irreversible, first order or second order exothermic reaction in liquid phase were formulated. This work is with a particular reference to the synthesis of propylene from cyclopropane and that of cumene (isopropyl benzene) from benzene and pr...

ABSTRACT We comparatively studied gas phase concentration and gas temperature of three way catalytic converter models. We considered channel level models and provided concise solutions for them. Solutions to the models were graphically represented and we found that gas phase temperature increases with time and gas phase concentration of gaseous species attain light-off at temperature above 600K. TABLEOFCONTENTS Title page………………………………………………………………...

Abstract A single server Markovian queuing system called the M/M/1 queuing system with two distinct customer types namely; the constraint customer type and the un-constraint customer type is studied. This model is that of a production system with heterogeneous customer structures devoid of a single customer in the intersection category group wise. Initially, relevant literature covering methodologies, analysis and results derived for single server production systems are reviewed and a gap ide...

Abstract Let Xn = { } 1,2,…,n be a finite n -element set and let Sn An and Dn , be the Symmetric, Alternating and Dihedral groups of Xn , respectively. In this thesis we obtained and discussed formulae for the number of even and odd permutations (of an n − element set) having exactly k fixed points in the alternating group and the generating functions for the fixed points. Further, we give two different proofs of the number of even and odd permutations (of an n − element set) having ex...