Research Papers/Topics in Environmental And Natural Resources Economics

Factors Affecting The Effectiveness Of Payment For Ecosystem Services Scheme In The Upper Catchment Areas Of River Malewa In Nyandarua County, Kenya

Human beings have been exerting growing impact on earth’s ecosystems as they seek various ecosystem services resulting in ecosystem degradation. To mitigate degradation, motivational approaches such as Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) have been used to provide incentives to land owners to undertake environmental conservation measures. Due to degradation in River Malewa upper catchment resulting from agricultural production, PES scheme was introduced to provide incentive for farmer...

Effects Of The Changing Land Use Practices On The Wellbeing Of Peri-Urban Inhabitants Of Kamulu Area, Nairobi County, Kenya

Urban sprawl is a phenomena experienced around most big cities. Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya, has caused this effect to the surrounding towns as most people want to settle around the town area for various reasons. Kamulu town is one such area where population pressure from Nairobi city has caused movement of persons into settling. Currently, there has been increased population in Kamulu town, which in turn has led to changes in land use patterns from the large tracts of ranch to s...

Influence Of Household Livelihood Strategies On The Socioeconomic Wellbeing Of Communities Living Along The Coastal Strip Of Msambweni Sub-County, Kwale County, Kenya

Kwale County received enormous support from donors and the government for implementation of development projects. The areas targeted were the improvement of people’s livelihoods, these included; small-scale fisheries, agro- pastoralism and the emerging seaweed farming. Despite this kind of support, the number of poor people along the coastal strip has remained high evidenced by the low incomes, low education levels, high incidences of malnourished children, poor housing among others. ...

Effects Of Oil Production Activities On The Socioeconomic Wellbeing Of Communities Livinig In Greater Unity, South Sudan

Oil is a major resource for South Sudan and it provides 98 % of the government’s revenue. At independence in 2011, the revenue from the oil was meant to provide for developments and improve on the lives of the local people. This has not occurred so far, as the communities are still poor and their lives have been impacted negatively by the oil production activities that have polluted the environment. Majority of the studies have researched on the amount of revenue accrued from the oil,...

Factors Influencing Management Of Hazardous Solid Waste In Obunga And Migosi Residential Areas In Kisumu County, Kenya

Hazardous-solid waste management, (HSWM) is the collection, treatment, and disposal of waste material that, when improperly handled, can cause substantial harm to human health and safety or to the environment. The main purpose of the study was to assess the selected factors influencing management of hazardous solid waste in Obunga and Migosi estates in Kisumu County, Kenya that was guided by the following specific objectives: (i) To find out the influence of knowledge on the HSWM (ii) T...

Influence Of Household Characteristics On Solid Waste Management Practices At Household Level In Mukono Town, Uganda

To protect human health and for successful environmental protection in a given area, there must be effective waste management practices in place. There have been problems with household solid waste management which is one of the root causes of pollution. This study assessed the influence of household characteristics on solid waste management in Mukono town, Uganda. The specific objectives of the study were; to determine the influence of formal education level of household head, income l...

Factors Influencing Farmers’ Adoption Of Irrigation Water Management Practices And Technologies Along The Ng’areng’iro River In Laikipia County, Kenya

This research assessed the influence of factors influencing farmers’ adoption of irrigation water management practices and technologies (IWMPT) along the Ng’areng’iro river in Lamuria sub-location, Laikipia County. The specific objectives of this research were to assess: (i) the influence of farmer’s socio-economic factors (age, gender, income, education level) on the adoption of IWMPT (ii). Influence of farmers attitude on the adoption of IWMPT, (iii) influence of farmers knowl...

Socio-Economic Factors Contributing To The Adoption Of Pelis By Farmers In Degraded Forest Areas Of Marania In Mount-Kenya Forest, Meru County, Kenya

A high growing population has put a lot of pressure on the areas around Mount Kenya forests, where the area has been encroached for agricultural use and timber resources. This has caused deforestation and degradation of soil and water resources. Kibirichia location is one of those areas that have suffered from different forms of land degradation and deforestation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors contributing to the adoption of PELIS by farmers in degraded forest...

Diversity, Distribution And Abundance Of Avifauna In Respect To Habitat Types: A Case Study Of Kilakala And Bigwa, Morogoro, Tanzania

ABSTRACT The purpose of this dissertation was to find out the diversity, distribution and abundance of avifauna in respect to habitat types within Kilakala and Bigwa wards in Morogoro. The study was conducted between November and December 2011, by dividing the area into five habitat types which are settlement, farmland, shrubland, woodland and forest. Bird’s abundance and diversity were compared between habitat types also related to habitat features. Point count method was used to...

Economic Contribution Of Village Community Banks In Conserving Forest Resources: A Case Of Kazimzumbwi And Pugu Forest Reserves

ABSTRACT Village Community Banks aimed to reduce extreme poverty among community group members and enable members share knowledge on how to generate income which could be alternative sources of income rather than depending on illegal exploitation of forest resources for the economic purpose. This study aimed at assessing economic contribution of VICOBA in conserving forest resources. Multistage sampling technique was used to obtain 5 villages adjacent to both Kazimzumbwi and Pugu Forest...

Contribution Of District Agriculture Development Plans To Poverty Reduction At The Household Level: A Case Study Of Korogwe District, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Agriculture is a key element of the Tanzanian economy, it contributes about 46% of the GDP. It is not well mechanized, most of small scale farmers using rudimentary and poor technologies. Following the decentralization policy, the District Agriculture Development Plans (DADPs) established project programme to boost up agriculture to promote economic growth and poverty reduction at household level. This study was conducted in Korogwe District, Tanga Region in order determine...

The Role Of Traditional Ecological Knowledge In Management Of Dryland Ecosystems Among The Maasai Pastoralists In Kiteto District, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Understanding the way the Maasai pastoralists' Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) affects management of natural resources in dry lands is of practical importance. Failure to recognise its contribution in resources management and use can result into mismatch of varied land uses leading to loss of biodiversity and deterioration of livelihood conditions. Conventional range management has often neglected pastoralists’ participation, largely due to perception of resource manag...

Contribution Of Hunting Tourism To Tanzania’s Economy

ABSTRACT A study to assess contribution of hunting tourism to general economy was conducted in Tanzania. This aimed at assessing the significance of Hunting Tourism (HT) to economic growth, community development and household income in Tanzania. Purposively Tanzania and Selous Game Reserve was selected to study contribution at macro and micro levels. Simple random sampling technique applied to select districts, wards, villages and households where data was collected for micro level stud...

Economic Efficiency Of Selected Income Generating Activities In Villages Surrounding Magamba Nature Reserve In Lushoto District, Tanga Region

ABSTRACT Despite that income-generating activities play a vital role on reducing the dependency of local communities on forest resources, in some cases the performance of practised income generating activities has been a challenging issue. This study was conducted to assess economic efficiency of tree nurseries and beekeeping income-generating activities, asses factors affecting the economic efficiency of tree nurseries and beekeeping IGAs, asses its impacts on forest conservation and t...

Digital Soil Mapping and GIS-based Land Evaluation for Rice Suitability in Kilombero Valley, Tanzania

Abstract A GIS-based multi-criteria land evaluation was performed in Kilombero Valley, Tanzania in order to avail decision-makers and farmers with an evidence-based decision support tool for improved and sustainable rice production in this important region for agricultural investment. The five most important criteria for rice production in the area were identified through literature search and discussion with local agronomists and farmers. The identified criteria were 1) soil properties...


1 - 15 Of 17 Results