Improving Vitamin A Status of Infants in The Upper Manya Krobo District With Complimentary Foods Fortified With Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder- A Pilot Study

ABSTRACT

Background: Micronutrients are extremely important components of a high-quality diet and even though they are required in very small amounts, they are important in the building of healthy brains, bones and body. Micronutrient deficiency is a problem as its effects are irreversible. In Africa, vitamin A deficiency is reported to be the cause of about 6% of deaths of children under the age of 5 years, and a major public health issue in Ghana. Inadequate dietary intake of vitamin A-rich foods is a major cause of vitamin A deficiency, so one preventive strategy could be the promotion of the consumption of these foods. Moringa oleifera leave powder is rich in nutrients especially vitamin A. It is well accepted in infants and have proved successful in combatting malnutrition in infants. Therefore, there is a need to design a pilot study to test the efficacy of Moringa oleifera on serum retinol levels in infants. Aim: To test the efficacy of Moringa Leaf Powder (MLP) in improving the serum vitamin A level of children in the complementary feeding age using secondary data. Methods: A pilot study with three study arms was carved out. Infants were randomly assigned to receive one of the 3 study foods (CF-35g, MCL-35g and M-5gS) depending on the Child Welfare Centre (CWC) they were recruited from. One arm received a cereallegume blend fortified with MLP named MCL-35g, a second arm received Moringa oleifera leaf powder as a supplement to be sprinkled on infant’s usual foods (MS-5g) and a third arm received a cereal legume blend, without MLP (CF-35g) to serve as controls. The feeding intervention lasted for 6 weeks. Baseline data on infant and maternal characteristics, household characteristics, anthropometry, hemoglobin level and child morbidity occurrence, were collected. Serum vitamin A was the primary outcome measure and was determined at both baseline and endline using the icheck flouro device. Morbidity occurrence, dietary intake and adherence to study foods were secondary outcome measures. Data on dietary iii intake was taken at baseline and endline using a 2 day 24-hour recall. Adherence to study foods and morbidity occurrence were collected over the study duration. Results: A total of 103 infant-mother pairs where recruited for the study but a total of 65 completed the study. All the infants in the study were vitamin A deficient at both baseline and endline when compared to the WHO threshold of 0.70 µmol/l. There was no significant difference in serum vitamin A concentration within and among the control group and the two experimental groups at both baseline and endline. However, there was a marginal increase in serum vitamin A concentrations in all three groups at endline. There was a significant difference (p=0.026) in the iron intake of infants at baseline. There was also a significant difference (p

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APA

ASHLEY, I (2021). Improving Vitamin A Status of Infants in The Upper Manya Krobo District With Complimentary Foods Fortified With Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder- A Pilot Study. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/improving-vitamin-a-status-of-infants-in-the-upper-manya-krobo-district-with-complimentary-foods-fortified-with-moringa-oleifera-leaf-powder-a-pilot-study

MLA 8th

ASHLEY, IRENE "Improving Vitamin A Status of Infants in The Upper Manya Krobo District With Complimentary Foods Fortified With Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder- A Pilot Study" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/improving-vitamin-a-status-of-infants-in-the-upper-manya-krobo-district-with-complimentary-foods-fortified-with-moringa-oleifera-leaf-powder-a-pilot-study. Accessed 13 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

ASHLEY, IRENE . "Improving Vitamin A Status of Infants in The Upper Manya Krobo District With Complimentary Foods Fortified With Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder- A Pilot Study". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Apr. 2021. Web. 13 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/improving-vitamin-a-status-of-infants-in-the-upper-manya-krobo-district-with-complimentary-foods-fortified-with-moringa-oleifera-leaf-powder-a-pilot-study >.

Chicago

ASHLEY, IRENE . "Improving Vitamin A Status of Infants in The Upper Manya Krobo District With Complimentary Foods Fortified With Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder- A Pilot Study" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 13, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/improving-vitamin-a-status-of-infants-in-the-upper-manya-krobo-district-with-complimentary-foods-fortified-with-moringa-oleifera-leaf-powder-a-pilot-study