Optimizing yield and quality of bio-oil: a comparative study of Acacia tortilis and Pine dust

Abstract:

We collected pine dust and Acacia tortilis samples from Zimbabwe and Botswana, respectively.

We then pyrolyzed them in a bench-scale plant under varying conditions. This investigation aimed

to determine an optimum temperature that will give result to maximum yield and quality of the

bio-oil fraction. Our experimental results show that we obtain the maximum yield of the oil fraction

at a pyrolysis temperature of 550 ◦C for the acacia and at 500 ◦C for the pine dust. Our results also

show that we obtain an oil fraction with a heating value (HHV) of 36.807 MJ/kg using acacia as

the feed material subject to a primary condenser temperature of 140 ◦C. Under the same pyrolysis

temperature, we obtain an HHV value of 15.78 MJ/kg using pine dust as the raw material at a

primary condenser temperature of 110 ◦C. The bio-oil fraction we obtain from Acacia tortilis at these

condensation temperatures has an average pH value of 3.42 compared to that of 2.50 from pine dust.

The specific gravity of the oil from Acacia tortilis is 1.09 compared to that of 1.00 from pine dust.

We elucidated that pine dust has a higher bio-oil yield of 46.1% compared to 41.9% obtained for acacia.

Although the heavy oils at condenser temperatures above 100 ◦C had good HHVs, the yields were

low, ranging from 2.8% to 4.9% for acacia and 0.2% to 12.7% for pine dust. Our future work will

entail efforts to improve the yield of the heavy oil fraction and scale up our results for trials on plant

scale capacity

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APA

Gratitude, C (2024). Optimizing yield and quality of bio-oil: a comparative study of Acacia tortilis and Pine dust. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/optimizing-yield-and-quality-of-bio-oil-a-comparative-study-of-acacia-tortilis-and-pine-dust

MLA 8th

Gratitude, Charis "Optimizing yield and quality of bio-oil: a comparative study of Acacia tortilis and Pine dust" Afribary. Afribary, 12 Apr. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/optimizing-yield-and-quality-of-bio-oil-a-comparative-study-of-acacia-tortilis-and-pine-dust. Accessed 29 May. 2024.

MLA7

Gratitude, Charis . "Optimizing yield and quality of bio-oil: a comparative study of Acacia tortilis and Pine dust". Afribary, Afribary, 12 Apr. 2024. Web. 29 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/optimizing-yield-and-quality-of-bio-oil-a-comparative-study-of-acacia-tortilis-and-pine-dust >.

Chicago

Gratitude, Charis . "Optimizing yield and quality of bio-oil: a comparative study of Acacia tortilis and Pine dust" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 29, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/optimizing-yield-and-quality-of-bio-oil-a-comparative-study-of-acacia-tortilis-and-pine-dust