Studies On The Blastofiltration Potentials Of Selected Plant Seeds For The Treatment Of Lead And Cadmium Contaminated Water Samples

Ubong Udokop 37 PAGES (6065 WORDS) Project
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ABSTRACT

Phytoremediation, based on the theory of botanic tolerance and accumulation of certain pollutant, is a new developing ecological technique primarily used to clean polluted environment. Blastofiltration is applied to phytoremediation of heavy metal polluted water at present. The study used castor, okra, melon and moringa seeds as experimental materials to investigate their potentials as possible blastofiltration materials. The results showed that with the trial time lasting up to 72 hours, lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) content in the contaminated water (60ppm in each case) decreased by 96-99%. The removal effects of okra and castor seeds were the most efficient whereas the whole seeds of moringa showed the best removal effects (100%) on cadmium. Plant seeds of less economic importance could represent the next generation green technology at bioremediation of heavy metal polluted water.
TABLE OF CONTENT
ABSTRACT
TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Heavy metals and environmental pollution 1
1.2 Statement of the research 4
1.3 Scope of the research 5
1.4 Aim and objectives 5

CHAPTER TWO
2.0 Literature review 6
2.1 Bioremediation 6
2.2 Phytoremediation 8
2.2.1 Phytoextraction 8
2.2.2 Phytostabilization 10
2.2.3 Phytovolatilization 11
2.2.4 Phytofiltration 12
2.3 Mechanism of blastofiltration 13
2.4 Sources of heavy metal contamination of water 16
CHAPTER THREE
3.0 Materials and methods 19
3.1 Materials 19
3.1.1 Equipment/Glassware 19
3.1.2 Reagents 19
3.2 Methods 19
3.2.1 Collection of sample 19
3.2.2 Preparation of sample 20
3.2.3 Preparation of standard 20
3.2.4 Blastofiltration setup 20
3.2.5 Digestion of samples 21
3.2.6 Determination of lead 21
3.2.7 Determination of cadmium 21
3.3 Determination o f percentage remediation 22


CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 Results 23

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendation 28
5.1 Discussion 28
5.2 Conclusion 29
5.3 Recommendations 30
Reference 31

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APA

Ubong, U (2018). Studies On The Blastofiltration Potentials Of Selected Plant Seeds For The Treatment Of Lead And Cadmium Contaminated Water Samples. Afribary.com: Retrieved October 17, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/studies-on-the-blastofiltration-potentials-of-selected-plant-seeds-for-the-treatment-of-lead-and-cadmium-contaminated-water-samples-3131

MLA 8th

Udokop, Ubong. "Studies On The Blastofiltration Potentials Of Selected Plant Seeds For The Treatment Of Lead And Cadmium Contaminated Water Samples" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/studies-on-the-blastofiltration-potentials-of-selected-plant-seeds-for-the-treatment-of-lead-and-cadmium-contaminated-water-samples-3131 . Accessed 17 Oct. 2019.

MLA7

Udokop, Ubong. "Studies On The Blastofiltration Potentials Of Selected Plant Seeds For The Treatment Of Lead And Cadmium Contaminated Water Samples". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 17 Oct. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/studies-on-the-blastofiltration-potentials-of-selected-plant-seeds-for-the-treatment-of-lead-and-cadmium-contaminated-water-samples-3131 >.

Chicago

Udokop, Ubong. "Studies On The Blastofiltration Potentials Of Selected Plant Seeds For The Treatment Of Lead And Cadmium Contaminated Water Samples" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed October 17, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/studies-on-the-blastofiltration-potentials-of-selected-plant-seeds-for-the-treatment-of-lead-and-cadmium-contaminated-water-samples-3131