Research Papers/Topics in Chemistry

Complexes of Nicotinic and Isonicotinic Acids Hydrazides and Their Acetone Hydrazones with Uranyl Nitrate and Acetate

ABSTRACT Nicotinic acid hydrazide (NH) and isonicotinic acid hydrazide (INI-1) and their respective acetone hydrazones were prepared. They were each complexed with U022' using the nitrate and acetate salts respectively. Both the ligands and complexes were characterized by IR, UV-VIS, gravimetric analysis, melting point measurement, and the invitro susceptibility test. The results indicate that the ligands form complexes with the metal ion with varying coordination numbers. The IR data show t...

Complexes of Nickel (Ii), Copper (Ii), Cobalt (Ii) And Manganese (Ii) Sulphates with 2-Bromov Aleric Acid Hydrazide and Its Acetone Hydrazone.

ABSTRACT Chelates of 2-bromovaleric acid hydrazide (BVH) and acetone2- bromovaleric acid hydrazone (ABVH) with MS04 (where M is Ni, Cu, Co, Mn, Zn, V02+) were synthesized in water-methanol medium. They were characterized by infrared and electronic spectral studies, solubility, elemental analysis, conductivity and antimicrobial screemng. Electronic spectral data indicate an octahedral geometry for all the complexes while the infrared spectral data suggest that the ligands act as neutral biden...

Complexes of Malonyl and Succinyl Dihydrazides with Copper(Ii) And Uranyl(Vl) Nitrafes and Acetates.

Abstract Complexes of Malonyl and Succinyl Dihydrazides with Copper(Ii) And Uranyl(Vl) Nitrafes and uranyl acclate U02(CII/'00)2, copper nitrate Cu (N01h and copper acetate (Cl I1C00) ( 'u have lx:en synthesized using I: I metal to ligand reactant ratio. The complexes have been characterised;.ed li·mn elemental analysis, conductivity measurements, and electronic and IR spectra studies. I R data show that the ligands behave as letradmtatc ligands coordinating through both carbonyl oxygen and ...

Chemical Evaluation and Remediation of Petroleum Sludge Impacted Soils from Itsekiri Communities Around Warri Refinery in Delta State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Petroleum sludge samples from Warri Refinery and Petrochemical Company (WRPC), Delta State, Nigeria and soil samples from five selected oil-impacted communities (Ubeji- 500 m, Ekpan- 1 .5 km, Aja-Etan - 2.5 km, Ifie-Kporo - 3.0 km, ljala-Ikenren - 3.8 km from WRPC) around WRPC were collected and analyzed to appraise the levels of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), and heavy metals (Cr, Cd, Pb, Ni, Cu, Co, Mn, Fe and Zn) caused by the petroleu...

Studies On Biogas and Bio Liquid Production by Fungal Degradation of Banana (Musa Sapientum) Leaves

Abstract Anaerobic biodegradation of banana leaves by cellulolytic fungus (yeast) was conducted at optimum operational conditions of concentration, temperature and pH for biogas and bio liquid production. Proximate analysis of both the fermented and unfermented substrates was carried out. Effects of nutritive additives on biogas and bio liquid production were investigated. The bio liquid generated was extracted by soxhlet extraction and, its components were separated into maltenes (soluble c...

Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry Determination of Some Heavy Metals in Chocolates and Candies Purchased from Abuja Municipal Area Council.

ABSTRACT  The Cu, Pb, Zn and Mn content of ten chocolates and candies purchased from Abuja municipal aiea council were determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS). The HN03 digestion method was evaluated by the analysis of the ten replicates of the candies and chocolate which gave a precision of 2%, 3%, 17% and 2% for Cu, Mn, Ni and Zn respectively. The results of the analysis showed that the mean metal levels in the chocolate and candy samples were Ni 0.077+0.0µglg Cu/0.26±0.05...

Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric Determination of' Trace, Metal Concentrations in Raw and Finished Drinking Water from Lower Usuma Dam in The F.C.T.

ABSTRACT The concentrations of Fe, Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd in vegetables grown in Kaduna metropolis were determined. The nitric acid -per chloric acid mixture was used in the digestion procedure and a precision of 4.2%, 3.8%, 2.4%, 5.3%, and 5.7% was obtained for Fe, Zn, Cu, Pb and Cu respectively. Good recoveries between 88-96% were obtained for the metals studied. The concentrations of metals in the vegetables varied from 40-1 OOµg/g for Fe, 21.3-51.3µg/g Zn, 9.0-28. Oµg/g Cu, 0.7-2.6µg/g Pb...

Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric ' Determination of Zn, Fe, Cu, Cd, And Pb Concentration in Canned Foods Sold in Abuja Municipality

ABSTRACT The concentrations of some trace metals (zinc, iron, copper, cadmium and lead) in 51 canned foods (fish, vegetable and fruit juice) samples purchased within Abuja Municipal Area Council (Nigeria) were determined using the flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry (FAAS). The wet oxidation procedure of HN03-H20 2 was used in the preparation of the samples. The ranges obtained for trace metals analyzed in ug/g are as follows: Canned fish: Zn (19.15±0.8-32.50±0.3), Fe (17.92± 1.2 --...

Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric Determination of Trace Metals in the Soils of Abuja Municipality Nigeria

CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION 1.1   General Pollution affects more than our water and air; soils also are seriously polluted. It is easy to forget that the soil is more than just a mass of inert matter. In its own way, the soil is a living organism. (I) Soil is a crucial component of the rural and urban environments, and in both cases, land management is the key to soil quality. Pesticides are synthetic organic or inorganic chemicals used to control weeds in fields and lawns, and unwanted...

Assessment of The Water and Sediment Quality of Some Lagoons Within the Greater Accra Region

ABSTRACT The Ghanaian ecosystem plays host to various lagoons which serve different purposes. The most important of them is being home for different types of fish species. Examples are Sarotherodon melanotheron (Cichlidae) which is popularly called blackchin tilapia and Tilapia guineensis (Bleeker) also known as redchin tilapia. Quality assessment was done to ascertain the level of pollution in water and sediment samples from Sakumo, Chemu and Kpeshie lagoons. Physicochemical parameters (pH, ...

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF TRANSITION METALCOMPLEX WITH PYRIDL BASED SCHIFF BASE AS LIGANDS

The pyridyl based Schiff base ligands from 2-aminopyridine and benzaldehyde and 2-aminopyridine and 2, 4-dihydroxylbenzaldehyde were synthesized by: 1. For Schiff base from 2-aminopyridine and benzaldehyde; Distillation of Benzaldeyde to ensure maximum purity from possible contaminant like water and ammonia, and refluxed with freshly prepared 2-aminopyridine. The refluxing was done with ethanoic acid catalyst at a time and without catalyst. The process was followed up with Thin Layer Chromato...

Exposure and Fate of Neonicotinoid Insecticides in Cocoa plantations in Ghana

Structure of thesis The results from the thesis have been presented in chapters based on various experiments conducted. These chapters are intended as manuscripts for submission to international peer reviewed journals. Chapter 1 gives a general background to the thesis and presents pertinent literature on the topics understudy. While literature may be replete on neonicotinoids and other topics discussed in this thesis, these topics cannot be exhaustively discussed. As such, the literature mos...

The Coils

CHAPTER ONE1.0           INTRODUCTIONIn the past with the necessary of metals it always seems impossible to join two metals together with grooving riveting, this idea leads to alternative of finding a lasting solution to the problem. This brought about the idea of a welding machine with a well laminated core and coil wound together to form a high rated transformer which is immersed in a can of oil.Welding is the most economical and effi...


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