Research Papers/Topics in Chemistry

To Assess the Concentration of Heavy Metals and their Contaminations in the Soil of Some Selected Automobile Mechanic Workshops in Lokoja Metropolis.

1.3 ObjectivesThe objectives of this research work was to: i. Determine some physicochemical parameters, such as pH, Electrical conductivity, organic carbon and Cation Exchange Capacity in the soil sample. ii. Determine the concentration of Cd, Pb, Mn, Cu and Zn in the soil samples located within the vicinity of these automobile mechanic workshops. 1.4 Purpose of the StudyThe purpose of this research study is to provide baseline data on heavy metals in these area of study. Also provide...

Effect of Phosphorus fertilizer on growth and yield of cowpea

                         i.            Abstract Four types of soil are found in Liberia. Latosols of low to medium fertility occur in rolling hill and cover about three-fourths of the total land surface. Shallow, coarse lithosols, in the hilly and rugged terrain, cover about one-eighth of the land. Infertile regosols, or sandy soils, are found along the coastal plain...

ACID RAIN; THE NUISANCE OF VEHICULAR EMISSIONS

ABSTRACT Acid rain is a mixture of sulfuric acid and nitric acids depending upon the relatively quantities of oxides of sulfur and Nitrogen emissions. Theses emissions are from the exhaust pipe or smokestacks of our vehicles and others like power stations, generators, appliances and so on. Acidification of water bodies causes large scale negative impact on aquatic organism including fishes; acidification has an indirect effect on humans. It has effect on the ecosystem and causes ...

HEALTH IMPLICATION ASSOCIATED WITH THE USE OF COSMETICS

Abstract Cosmetics are care product applied to the body or face to improve appearance. The concept of beauty and cosmetics is old as mankind and civilization. Assorted beauty and cosmetics product such as skin care product, fragrance, oral hygiene, and nail product, which may contain toxic chemicals that can be harmful to health are used especially by women. The bioaccumulation of this harmful chemicals and metals in the body overtime has been associated with different signs of i...

In Vitro Evaluation of Metal Chelating and Ferric Reducing Potentials of Methanol Extracts of Adasonia digitata Leaf

ABSTRACTAdansonia digitata L. (Malvaceae) is commonly known as baobab tree native to Africa. Baobab is a multi-purpose tree which offers protection and provides food, clothing and medicine as well as raw material for many useful items. This study aims to elucidate the metal chelating and ferric reducing potentials of methanol extracts of Adansonia digitata L. (Malvaceae) leaf using in vitro model. Phytochemical screening was carried out on the extract and it showed that the extract ...

CHARACTERISATION OF ESSENTIAL OIL FROM LEAVES OF Euphorbia heterophylla AND ITS INSECT REPELLENT POTENTIAL

This study aimed at characterizing essential  oil  from leaves of  E.heterophylla and its insect repellent potential. Essential oil from fresh leaves of  E.heterophylla was extracted by  hydro distillation method, using a  Clevenger apparatus for 4 hours and the  yield was 0.1816%w/w. Repellence  test was conducted by  using 5 cockroaches in number which were  placed in a modified Y-tube Olfactometer and observations recorded for  each an...

PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ISOLATION OF COMPONENTS OF STEM-BARK OF CHRYSOPHYLLUM ALBIDUM (G.Don)

Chrysophyllum albidum (Sapotaceae) is known to possess bioactive compounds belonging to important phytochemical groups. This work aims at exploring the bioactive constituents of the stem-bark of Chrysophyllum albidum, and further investigating their phytochemical compositions. Stem bark of Chrysophyllum albidum was collected, dried, powdered and extracted with hexane for 13 hours using soxhlet extraction. This was concentrated using a rotary evaporator. Phytochemical screenings of the ext...

COMPARATIVE CHARACTERIZATION OF SOME PORTLAND CEMENTS SOLD IN SOKOTO CITY.

ABSTRACTThe aim of this research was to characterize some Portland cements (Bua, Dangote and Sokoto cement) sold in Sokoto city using standard methods; due to the persistent collapse of buildings. The results showed that Sokoto cement recorded the least CaO content (58.99%) while Dangote cement had the highest CaO content being 61.56%. All the samples have Al2O3, SiO2 and Fe2O3 contents within the acceptable limits with the exception of Dangote with SiO2 content being below the required stand...

Hydrogen;The Fuel for the Future

The usefulness and benefits of hydrogen as a fuel is of no comparison, as it does not contribute to the environmental hazard i.e air pollution caused by other fuels such as methane and petroleum.The end product of hydrogen in fuel cells and combustion engine is energy and water vapor as its only byproduct.

Comparative determination of Calcium and Magnesium in food substances using Atomic absorption spectrophotometry and EDTA Titrimetry

A comparative study was carried out for the determination of calcium and magnesium in milk and water melon (food sources of calcium and magnesium). Mixed standard solutions of calcium and magnesium (spike) were added to the samples before digesting with a mixture of concentrated nitric acid and concentrated hydrochloric acid (1:3). The calcium and magnesium content of the digest were determined using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer (FAAS) and EDTA titration. The percentage re...

THE CHEMISTRY OF CARBON BLACK

Carbon black is a generic term for a particular form of elemental carbon manufactured by vapour- phase pyrolysis or partial combustion of hydrocarbons. It is the term for an important family of products that is used principally for the reinforcement of rubber, as a black pigment and because of its electrical, conductive properties It does not occur as a natural product (IARC, 2010) and it is one of the most stable compounds (Pilusa & Muzenda, 2013).

NON ENZYMATIC SYNTHESIS OF BIOETHANOL FROM CELLULOSE IN WASTEPAPER MATERIALS.

TABLE OF CONTENT          Pages Title Page                                                                                                 i Certification                &n...

BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM GROUNDNUT SHELL (Arachis hypogaea) AND CARPET GRASS (Axonopus flexuosus) BY ACID HYDROLYSIS USING Saccharomyces cerevisiae

ABSTRACTGroundnut (Arachis Hypogaea) shell and carpet grass (Axonopus flexuosus) were assessed for bioethanol production using dilute acid hydrolysis (10 %, 15 % and 20 % H2SO4) and fermentation using yeast (saccharomyces cerevisiae). The percentage yields were determined to be 27.15 %, 19.69 % and 8.79 % for groundnut shell and 22.69 %, 13.92 % and 7.69 % for carpet grass respectively. The densities of the bioethanol produced were calculated to be 0.8072 g/cm3 for groundnut shell and 0.8303 ...

Secondary Metabolites from Mimosa Pudica: Isolation, purification and NMR Characterization

Abstract: Aim: isolation, purification and NMR characterization of secondary metabolites in Mimosa pudica.Study design: extraction, isolation and identification of the secondary metabolties from the petroleum ether and metabolites extracts from Mimosa pudica.Methodology: In the course of our study on Mimosa pudica, a compound was isolated and purified using different chromatographic techniques and the structure of the compound determined on the basis of their spectroscopic data (IR, HNMR, ...

Antifungal Activity of Mimosa Pudica,Isolation and NMR Characterization of Bioactive Components.

ABSTRACT In this study, the whole plant of Mimosa pudica was extracted using absolute ethanol. The crude ethanolic extract and its isolated triterpenoid glycoside were tested for antifungal activity towards Aspergillus flavus and Trichophyton rubrum using Well Diffusion Method. At concentrations of 25 –100 mg/mL, the extract possesses antifungal activity (from being partially active to very active) against Aspergillus flavus and Trichophyton rubrum. The TLC profile of th...


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