Research Papers/Topics in Chemistry

CHARACTERISATION OF ESSENTIAL OIL FROM LEAVES OF Euphorbia heterophylla AND ITS INSECT REPELLENT POTENTIAL

This study aimed at characterizing essential  oil  from leaves of  E.heterophylla and its insect repellent potential. Essential oil from fresh leaves of  E.heterophylla was extracted by  hydro distillation method, using a  Clevenger apparatus for 4 hours and the  yield was 0.1816%w/w. Repellence  test was conducted by  using 5 cockroaches in number which were  placed in a modified Y-tube Olfactometer and observations recorded for  each an...

PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ISOLATION OF COMPONENTS OF STEM-BARK OF CHRYSOPHYLLUM ALBIDUM (G.Don)

Chrysophyllum albidum (Sapotaceae) is known to possess bioactive compounds belonging to important phytochemical groups. This work aims at exploring the bioactive constituents of the stem-bark of Chrysophyllum albidum, and further investigating their phytochemical compositions. Stem bark of Chrysophyllum albidum was collected, dried, powdered and extracted with hexane for 13 hours using soxhlet extraction. This was concentrated using a rotary evaporator. Phytochemical screenings of the ext...

COMPARATIVE CHARACTERIZATION OF SOME PORTLAND CEMENTS SOLD IN SOKOTO CITY.

ABSTRACTThe aim of this research was to characterize some Portland cements (Bua, Dangote and Sokoto cement) sold in Sokoto city using standard methods; due to the persistent collapse of buildings. The results showed that Sokoto cement recorded the least CaO content (58.99%) while Dangote cement had the highest CaO content being 61.56%. All the samples have Al2O3, SiO2 and Fe2O3 contents within the acceptable limits with the exception of Dangote with SiO2 content being below the required stand...

Hydrogen;The Fuel for the Future

The usefulness and benefits of hydrogen as a fuel is of no comparison, as it does not contribute to the environmental hazard i.e air pollution caused by other fuels such as methane and petroleum.The end product of hydrogen in fuel cells and combustion engine is energy and water vapor as its only byproduct.

Comparative determination of Calcium and Magnesium in food substances using Atomic absorption spectrophotometry and EDTA Titrimetry

A comparative study was carried out for the determination of calcium and magnesium in milk and water melon (food sources of calcium and magnesium). Mixed standard solutions of calcium and magnesium (spike) were added to the samples before digesting with a mixture of concentrated nitric acid and concentrated hydrochloric acid (1:3). The calcium and magnesium content of the digest were determined using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer (FAAS) and EDTA titration. The percentage re...

THE CHEMISTRY OF CARBON BLACK

Carbon black is a generic term for a particular form of elemental carbon manufactured by vapour- phase pyrolysis or partial combustion of hydrocarbons. It is the term for an important family of products that is used principally for the reinforcement of rubber, as a black pigment and because of its electrical, conductive properties It does not occur as a natural product (IARC, 2010) and it is one of the most stable compounds (Pilusa & Muzenda, 2013).

NON ENZYMATIC SYNTHESIS OF BIOETHANOL FROM CELLULOSE IN WASTEPAPER MATERIALS.

TABLE OF CONTENT          Pages Title Page                                                                                                 i Certification                &n...

BIOETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM GROUNDNUT SHELL (Arachis hypogaea) AND CARPET GRASS (Axonopus flexuosus) BY ACID HYDROLYSIS USING Saccharomyces cerevisiae

ABSTRACTGroundnut (Arachis Hypogaea) shell and carpet grass (Axonopus flexuosus) were assessed for bioethanol production using dilute acid hydrolysis (10 %, 15 % and 20 % H2SO4) and fermentation using yeast (saccharomyces cerevisiae). The percentage yields were determined to be 27.15 %, 19.69 % and 8.79 % for groundnut shell and 22.69 %, 13.92 % and 7.69 % for carpet grass respectively. The densities of the bioethanol produced were calculated to be 0.8072 g/cm3 for groundnut shell and 0.8303 ...

Secondary Metabolites from Mimosa Pudica: Isolation, purification and NMR Characterization

Abstract: Aim: isolation, purification and NMR characterization of secondary metabolites in Mimosa pudica.Study design: extraction, isolation and identification of the secondary metabolties from the petroleum ether and metabolites extracts from Mimosa pudica.Methodology: In the course of our study on Mimosa pudica, a compound was isolated and purified using different chromatographic techniques and the structure of the compound determined on the basis of their spectroscopic data (IR, HNMR, ...

Antifungal Activity of Mimosa Pudica,Isolation and NMR Characterization of Bioactive Components.

ABSTRACT In this study, the whole plant of Mimosa pudica was extracted using absolute ethanol. The crude ethanolic extract and its isolated triterpenoid glycoside were tested for antifungal activity towards Aspergillus flavus and Trichophyton rubrum using Well Diffusion Method. At concentrations of 25 –100 mg/mL, the extract possesses antifungal activity (from being partially active to very active) against Aspergillus flavus and Trichophyton rubrum. The TLC profile of th...

Quantitative Determination of Secondary Metabolites and Antimicrobial Activity of Mimosa Pudica

Abstract: The side effects and the increasing microbial resistance to synthetic drugs in the management and treatment of infections remain an issue in modern medicine, hence the increasing research in phytomedicine. Therefore in the present study, the active phytocomponents of Mimosa pudica’s wholesome parts were revealed using quantitative phytochemical analysis. The antibacterial activity of the Ethanolic extract was studied using Well diffusion method. The activity was tested against...

ANALYSIS OF TRACE METALS IN MUSCLE AND LIVER OF COW MEAT PURCHASE FROM URUA IKOT OSURUA

ANALYSIS OF TRACEMETALS IN MUSCLE AND LIVER OF COWMEAT PURCHASE FROM URUA IKOT OSURUA.A RESEARCH PROJECTABSTRACTThe concentration of trace metals (cadmium, Lead, Iron, Copper and Zinc) in two organ (muscle and liver) from cow meat obtained from urua Ikot Osurua was determined using Atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Their result was as follows muscle (Cadmium: 0.78±0.002, Lead: 0.044±0.001, Iron: 0.711±0.000, Copper: 0.833±0.082, Zinc: 0.580±0.001). The obtained result declared that co...

ANALYSIS OF TRACE METALS IN KIDNEY AND SKIN OF COWMEAT PURCHASE FROM URUA MBAKARA

ANALYSIS OF TRACE METALS IN KIDNEY AND SKIN OF COWMEAT PURCHASE FROM URUA MBAKARA   A RESEARCH PROJECT REPORT     ABSTRACT This study was to determine the concentration of trace metal (Cd, Pb, Fe, Cu and Zn) in the skin and kidney of a cowmeat. The analysis was carried out using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The concentration of the trace metals in the different organs were as follows, skin cadmium 0.86 + 0.003, Lead 1.09 + 0.002, Iron 14.30 + 0.001...

The Effect of Broken Homes on Science Education Students: A Case Study of Some Selected Secondary Schools in Augie Local Government

INTRODUCTIONThe home is the primary institution for children, home as perceived by Abdulganiyu (1997), Christe (2009), defined home as a place in which an individual or a family can rest and store personal property.Haven’t define the concept of home it is therefore important to define family. The family can therefore, be looked at as a social group characterized by common resident, economic, cooperation and production.When a child is born, the family is the first primary group with which th...

DETERMINATION OF Escherichia coli AND SOME PHYSICOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF SELECTED PIPE BORNE AND SACHETBOTTLED WATER IN ACCRA-

Water treatment describes those processes used to make water more acceptable for a desired enduse. These can include use as drinking water, industrial processes, medical and many other uses. In Ghana, water is the most common and cheapest drink one can afford. For this reason, drinking water is supposed to be clean and safe enough for human consumption. The goal of all water treatment process is to remove existing contaminants in the water, or reduce the concentration of such contaminants...


1 - 15 Of 34 Results