The Emergence Of Abagusii Þÿ D I A S P O R A I N K E N Y A _ S S O U T H 1895-2007: Opportunities And Challenges

ABSTRACT

Migration is a spatial phenomenon involving movement of people between distinct

places, locations imbued with meaning and power. It explicitly refers to people

changing their places of residence, where they live on a habitual basis, embracing not

only their actual physical structures, but also in some sense the wider community in

which they live. The study focused on the Abagusii migration patterns from their

ancestral land specifically to the South Rift (SR), Kericho County. It acknowledges

the fact that their emergence in the diaspora just like any other ethnic group in Kenya,

came to existence in the pre-colonial, colonial and post-independence period. The aim

of the study was to trace their movement, settlement, challenges, and opportunities

they encountered in South Rift between 1895 and 2007. This research addressed four

objectives, namely; to examine the emergence of Abagusii before colonialism, to

evaluate the migration of the Abagusii into South Rift in colonial era, to assess the

migration of Abagusii into South Rift in Post-colonial era, and lastly, to explore the

challenges and opportunities they encountered in the South Rift. The study focused

on the period from 1895 as it was the genesis of the British colonial policies which

witnessed forceful movement of the Abagusii as well as other Kenyan communities.

The study stretches up 2007 because it marked one of the darkest periods in Kenya’s

history; the post-election violence period, which had widespread killings and

destruction of property in many parts of the country. South Rift, specifically Kericho

County, was a battle zone between different ethnic groups. Thus, most people were

internally displaced due to the crisis that resulted from the violence. The study

adopted the Materialist Interpretation of History theory. This theory uses

methodological approaches of Marxist historiography that focuses on human societies

and their development over time, claiming that they follow a number of observable

tendencies. The study adopted qualitative research design where non-probability

sampling techniques (such as opportunity sampling, snowball sampling, and,

purposive sampling) were used. Data was analyzed through content analysis of

documents obtained from the Kenya National Archives (KNA) that were collaborated

with information from field observations and interview schedules. The study found

out that the main challenges encountered by the Abagusii in the Diaspora were

politics of exclusion, community hatred and animosity experienced after the reintroduction

of multiparty democracy, incitement from the Kipsigis politicians who

advocated for the explosion of the Abagusii from their land among others. The

research found out some of the opportunities to include; the provision of social

amenities, trade, intermarriage with the Kipsigis, adoption of mixed economy and

availability of job opportunities among others. The study recommends that, peaceful

initiatives need to be undertaken to realize peaceful co-existence between the

Abagusii and the Kipsigis. The study also recommends that Abagusii in the diaspora

and the Kipsigis should be educated on the importance of peace and encouraged to

interact with each other peacefully. The researcher further recommends that, a study

should be carried out on Abagusii who migrated to other parts of the diaspora in order

to draw comparisons of the challenges and opportunities they encountered.

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APA

Nyaboke, G (2021). The Emergence Of Abagusii Þÿ D I A S P O R A I N K E N Y A _ S S O U T H 1895-2007: Opportunities And Challenges. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-emergence-of-abagusii-thy-d-i-a-s-p-o-r-a-i-n-k-e-n-y-a-s-s-o-u-t-h-1895-2007-opportunities-and-challenges

MLA 8th

Nyaboke, Gladys "The Emergence Of Abagusii Þÿ D I A S P O R A I N K E N Y A _ S S O U T H 1895-2007: Opportunities And Challenges" Afribary. Afribary, 07 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-emergence-of-abagusii-thy-d-i-a-s-p-o-r-a-i-n-k-e-n-y-a-s-s-o-u-t-h-1895-2007-opportunities-and-challenges. Accessed 16 Jun. 2024.

MLA7

Nyaboke, Gladys . "The Emergence Of Abagusii Þÿ D I A S P O R A I N K E N Y A _ S S O U T H 1895-2007: Opportunities And Challenges". Afribary, Afribary, 07 May. 2021. Web. 16 Jun. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/the-emergence-of-abagusii-thy-d-i-a-s-p-o-r-a-i-n-k-e-n-y-a-s-s-o-u-t-h-1895-2007-opportunities-and-challenges >.

Chicago

Nyaboke, Gladys . "The Emergence Of Abagusii Þÿ D I A S P O R A I N K E N Y A _ S S O U T H 1895-2007: Opportunities And Challenges" Afribary (2021). Accessed June 16, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/the-emergence-of-abagusii-thy-d-i-a-s-p-o-r-a-i-n-k-e-n-y-a-s-s-o-u-t-h-1895-2007-opportunities-and-challenges

Document Details
Gladys Nyaboke Field: History Type: Thesis 199 PAGES (54150 WORDS) (pdf)