Vitamin D Status Of Ghanaian 8-12 Year Old Children In Selected Schools In The Greater Accra Region

ABSTRACT Background: Adequate serum vitamin D levels in children has been proven to improve bone health, reduce the risk of type 1 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and many other diseases in life. The serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D is the best biomarker in measuring vitamin D status in the body. It is able to reflect both vitamin D levels that the body receive from sunlight and dietary sources. Little is known about the vitamin D status of the population in Ghana especially among school age child. Aim: To determine the vitamin D status of school age children between 8-12 years. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used in this study. Ninety-nine (99) participants were recruited from four (2 public and 2 private) schools in the Ledzokuku/Krowor constituency using the stratified and systematic random sampling. A structured interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect their sociodemographic data. Participant’s dietary intakes, length of sunlight exposure and anthropometric measurement were also measured. Serum vitamin D levels were determined using an ELISA test kit. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 20.0 was used to analyze the data obtained. Chi-square test was used to determine the association between the categorical variables while independent t-test was used to find the mean differences between the vitamin D status of the school groups and gender. Statistical significance was set as p

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APA

OTENG, S (2021). Vitamin D Status Of Ghanaian 8-12 Year Old Children In Selected Schools In The Greater Accra Region. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/vitamin-d-status-of-ghanaian-8-12-year-old-children-in-selected-schools-in-the-greater-accra-region-1

MLA 8th

OTENG, SYLVIA "Vitamin D Status Of Ghanaian 8-12 Year Old Children In Selected Schools In The Greater Accra Region" Afribary. Afribary, 12 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/vitamin-d-status-of-ghanaian-8-12-year-old-children-in-selected-schools-in-the-greater-accra-region-1. Accessed 23 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

OTENG, SYLVIA . "Vitamin D Status Of Ghanaian 8-12 Year Old Children In Selected Schools In The Greater Accra Region". Afribary, Afribary, 12 Apr. 2021. Web. 23 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/vitamin-d-status-of-ghanaian-8-12-year-old-children-in-selected-schools-in-the-greater-accra-region-1 >.

Chicago

OTENG, SYLVIA . "Vitamin D Status Of Ghanaian 8-12 Year Old Children In Selected Schools In The Greater Accra Region" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 23, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/vitamin-d-status-of-ghanaian-8-12-year-old-children-in-selected-schools-in-the-greater-accra-region-1