Looking for civil engineering research topics and materials as an undergraduate? We have probably thousands of relevant civil engineering research topics you can browse and choose from, or even use to generate your own unique research idea/topic.
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Selection of Suitable Civil Engineering Research Topics for Undergraduates
We have compiled a sample list of latest research topics in civil engineering. You can check them out or go through the entire civil engineering research topic list.
This study on the integrated solar and hydraulic jump enhanced waste stabilization pond (ISHJEWSP) is aimed at determining the effect of variations in solar radiation, hydraulic jump, hydro-kinematic factors and pond geometry, on the treatment efficiency of wastewater in the ISHJEWSP. An equation to account for these effects was derived, calibrated and verified. An empirical regression model for the prediction of the Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5) in the ISHJEWSP for sewage treatment was also developed.
In the agricultural projects that use the center pivot irrigation system, which depends on the groundwater wells as a source of water using turbine pumps, which are actuated by internal combustion engines, the suspension of the center pivot irrigation device on the movement when a malfunction occurs with its continuous flow of water is a big problem and waste water, fuel and time,
Investigation into the causes, effects and prevention of crack in building, cracks this is a kind of defects that occur into building structure which rendered building unsightly and reduces building stabilities. Cracks may be of structural failure or non-structural problem which may act slightly, moderate or several. They are save or dangerous depending on the size and characteristics of each i.e. 0-3-1.00, 1-2, 2-5,5-15 and 15-25 (mm) respectively survey of building were made in some selected area in Ilorin west L.G.A Ilorin, were aerial photographs were taken, site investigation were made in some selected areas
Performance of beams with pvc pipes embedded at the center or with an eccentric pipes needs design consideration of influencing variables such as the pipe size and the location of the pipe being embedded. This was performed analytically where six RC beams of dimension (300×450 and span of 3500) were modeled in Abaqus 6.10-3 of which one was a solid beam and the 5 had varying pipe sizes and location of the pipe as designated (B-25.4, B-50.8mm,B-76.2mm,B-101.2mmE50 and 127mmE 100mm).
This report is from a study that looks at the nature, practices, challenges, and possible solutions for solid waste management systems in Bwaise, Kampala. The study used mainly questionnaires, interviews and observation. The findings suggest that in Bwaise, poor communities could generate income from waste disposal activities, if certain measures are put in place. Furthermore, in this area, 60% of the garbage is biodegrable, composed mainly of food related waste.
This is my final year project report for the award of a Bachelor’s degree in civil engineering at Kampala International University that presents the structural Design of a two storied classroom block for Aripea secondary school. This report comprises of three chapters, highlighting the order in which the design was carried out. A detailed introduction of the project that was considered for the design; which includes the background and introduction of both the project and the site.
This study presents the derivation of polynomial functions for the prediction of critical axial forces in bridge trusses. Four different bridge trusses were considered in this study, three of which are statically determinate while one is statically indeterminate. These trusses at different height to span (aspect) ratios were tested for critical axial forces under the same conditions. The graphs of their critical axial forces against aspect ratios were plotted and this led to the findings that these axial forces fit into certain polynomial behavior (equations).
This study investigated the structural characteristics of chikoko mud-cement concrete. The structural characteristics of chikoko mud-cement concrete investigated were compressive strength, flexural strength, shear strength and split tensile strength while the elastic properties investigated were static modulus of elasticity, poisson’s ratio and shear modulus. The water absorption of chikoko mud-cement concrete as a reflection of concrete durability was also investigated
The proposed Access Roads which will connect the Airport Road to the main gate of the African University of Science and Technology, Abuja, Nigeria and the proposed Bridge Housing Estate when constructed will foster broader community goals by promoting business activities within and around the University environment.
Right from when man stated to build, he has been compelled to use the locally available materials around him. Building has now become major construction material allover the world has necessitated a critical study of its constituent materials. More so, the present economic crunch calls for cost saving measures on the part of engineers/researchers involved in the management of the country’s project.
Interlocking paving stone is a good surface material produce as a result of mixture of aggregate to produce a good workability surface. This research work investigates on how the shapes affect the strength after production. The materials used include cement, sharp sand, quarry dust or granite dust and water.
Metro Rail is a mass rapid transportation system and also environment friendly. It is also a modern technology for transportation. To overcome the future demand and to make a short and less time consuming transportation system, Bangladesh Government has taken this project. It is a fast and time saving transportation system which is really needed for Dhaka. This study covers to find out geotechnical investigation and to compare the pile bearing capacity load between NKDM Corporation and manual calculation.
Sand has traditionally been used as fine aggregate in structural concrete. It is usually imported from relatively distant places at high costs, and this increases the overall cost of making concrete and of providing housing in various Nigerian communities. This study investigates the performance of 409/o of laterite as fine aggregate in place of sand, and specifically seeks to determine whether lateritic concrete containing pies would satisfy the minimum compressive strength requirement of BS 8110 (1997) for use in reinforced concrete works, which is 25 N/mm.
Agro-based and bio-wastcs generally referred to as solid wastes are good stabilization materials. Different solid wastes have been used by various researchers combining two or more at different times to treat soil and improve its engineering properties since the long term performance of any construction project depends on the soundness of the underlying soils.
This research is focused at designing of water storage facilities of size 875,000 litres (750,000 litres for underground water storage, and 125,000 Litres for elevated steel tank) of treated wastewater and its transmission system for the storage and re-use of treated wastewater. The project is aimed to structurally design water storage facilities and its transmission system from the reservoir to the overhead tank for the re-use of treated wastewater in Covenant University.
Construction industry has complexity in it nature because it contains large number of parties such as clients, consultants and contractors. The factors that influence construction management practice differ from country to country, due to prevailing conditions. The objective of this project is to identify factors that influence construction management practice in Nigeria construction industry and elicit perceptions/ranking of the severity using relative importance index of the various factors. A comprehensive literature review was conducted to generate a set of factors believed to influence construction management practice in Nigeria.
The primary objective of this work is to form the foundation of a Road Management Maintenance System (RMMS) that Road Maintenance Agencies like FERMA can immediately implement to make better decisions pertaining to rehabilitation options. Further, this is to allow for appropriate decisions about the best type of maintenance and rehabilitation interventions to apply to the poor state of arterial roads taking into consideration various factors, least of which are the type and extent of distress present and the benefit cost analysis.
This dissertation examined and presented adaptive water governance analysis and tools for the Upper Swakop Basin (USB) in Namibia where integrated river basin management is still in its infancy. The water governance concerns in the basin include pollution monitoring and control challenges that are further threatening the security and adequacy of the developed drinking water sources. By applying and triangulating different methods (models, statistical analysis, quantitative and qualitative measures etc.), this study uniquely analysed the water governance issues in the Upper Swakop Basin.
The sandcrete blocks have been a major material for the construction of structures in Nigeria. This material have provided a means of constructing walls and partition. However, the sandcrete blocks also have the disadvantage of cost and unavailability of materials such as granite, cement and other combining aggregates.
This project presents the results of the investigation conducted on a lightweight foamed concrete using different reagents; Sodium Lauryl Sulphate (SLS) and Lithofoam, with a view to determining its potential as a construction material in Nigeria. The properties investigated on the foamed concrete having target density of 1800kg/m3 were: workability, bulk density and compressive strength.
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