History of Education is concerned with the study of how societies have transmitted their Culture from one generation to another. It also explains how education became an instrument of problem solving activity in the society from one age to another.

History of Education is the study of major educational developments in the society which took place in the past for the present and future generation. It tries to study the educational practices of the past, noting their strength and weaknesses, so as to build a better system.

Furthermore, There is concrete evidence that there was some form of learning before the advent of the Europeans in Nigeria. There existed a philosophy of traditional education and Islamic education.



This relies more on informal instruction. They believe in the supremacy of God the creator of the universe and man. They also believe in other minor gods which serve as messengers of God, and ancestors who are intermediaries between God and living members of their respective families.


i. It provided for Occupational and Professional training.

ii. Activities on character building, since conformity was necessary.

iii. Physical Training through physical contests, wrestling, perseverance activities

iv. Arts an crafts, carving, painting, modeling, artistic and creative pursuits, songs and dances, masquerades.

v. Intellectual training, including singing and counting, games and arithmetic.

vi. Study of facts about natural environments: Introductions to names of different objects, plants, animals.

vii. Historical knowledge including stories about the gods, traditions of various societies which were preserved in folklore and regarded as legends which were preserved in folklore and regarded as legends which pass from one generation to another.


Methods of Teaching Traditional Education .

i. Indoctrination

ii. Modeling

iii. Initiation Ceremonies

iv. Reward and Punishment

v. Imitation

vi. Role Play

vii. Oral Literature

viii. Poetry

ix. Instruction

x. Observation

xi. Intention

xii. Participation

xiii. Apprenticeship



It is derived from the Religion Islam whose believers are called Muslims. It is concerned with the Moral, Intellectual, social, economic and spiritual development of man.

It urges Muslims to imbibe the values of Kindness, generosity, patience, steadfastness, high moral standards, obedience, good behavior and honesty.



i. Quran is a Holy document and the reference point from where the totality of Islamic education is drawn.

ii. Generally designed to jealously preserve the Quran and urge Muslims to adhere strictly to tenets of the Religion.

iii. Hadith contains the sayings of Prophet Mohammed.

iv. Contains areas of study in Economics, Social Sciences, Medicine, Pure Science, Arts and so on.


Methods of Teaching Islamic Tducation

i. Humanistic ( Gentle in approach, Lenient in method and compassionate in interaction)

ii. Story telling

iii. Use of Questioning

iv. Metaphorical Expressions

v. Repetition

vi. Illustration

vii. Demonstration

viii. Field trips

ix. Punishments

x. Rewards

credits: N.O.U.N

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