Research Papers/Topics in Community Development

Effectiveness of using 360 Degree Performance Appraisal System in Engineering Sector

360 degree performance appraisal, in today’s date is of utmost importance to the organizations as it is a world of competition. 360 degree performance appraisal or multisource feedback is an appraisal or performance assessment tool that incorporates feedback from all who observe and are affected by the performance of a candidate. This research paper studies on the effectiveness of using 360 degree performance appraisal in Beximco Engineering Limited The primary objective of the resea...

Utilization Of Soil Fertility Management Knowledge Among Smallholder Farmers In Chakol Division, Kenya

This study investigated soil fertility knowledge and how it influenced the selection and effective use of various soil fertility technologies among smallholder farmers in Chakol Division of Teso District in western Kenya. Chakol Division has a high population density of approximately 427 persons per km2 while absolute poverty levels for the district stand at 56%. Poverty levels have been worsened by poor agricultural production while continuous cropping of land with little restorat...

The Role Of Community Forest Associations In Participatory Management Of Ontulili And Ngare Ndare Forests In North Central Kenya

ABSTRACT Forests enhance conservation of the environment, biodiversity, water, and soil resources while significantly contributing to the livelihoods of forest adjacent communities. Under the Kenya's new Forest Act (2005), community participation is provided for through formation of Community Forest Associations (CFAs). Past studies have shown how major CFAs in Kenya operate and the challenges they face. However, factors determining household decision to join CFA and the CFAs' capaciti...

Integrating Sustainable Environmental Practices in Community Based Microfinance Organizations in Kiambu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT This study focuses on integration of sustainable environmental practices into the activities supported by the Community-Based Microfinance Organizations (CBMFOs) which are vibrant in Kiambu County. The objectives of the study were the examination of the socio-economic and environmental activities carried out by CBMFOs and their related problems. Assessment of the main environmental intervention programs being implemented. Consequently, appropriate means and a model of integrati...

The potential role of jatropha curcas l. For environmental management and sustainable livelihoods in kibwezi, kenya

ABSTRACT It is widely acknowledged that environmental degradation and poverty are positively correlated. Environmental degradation remains a persistent problem in the arid and semi-arid lands in Kenya. Addressing this problem calls for a wide range of interventions. Although several measures have been used to control and prevent degradation, the use of Jatropha curcas has not received much attention in Kenya. This may be attributed to lack of awareness among farmers on the potential rol...

Challenges And Prospects Of Civil Society Organizations In Enhancement Of Sustainable Livelihoods And Environmental Conservation In Homa Bay County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Attainment of sustainable development among communities affected by persistent environmental degradation, poverty and food insecurity remain a global, regional and national challenge. Suba sub-County is endowed with diverse natural resources. The resources are under progressive degradation. Poor socio-economic situation manifested in high poverty level of 52% and 78% food deficiency persists despite the presence of several CSOs working with GoK and IDAs. In the light of this, t...

Selected Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing Access To Reproductive Health Service Information Among The Youth In Korogocho Slum Of Nairobi, Kenya.

ABSTRACTAccess to reproductive health services information by the youth has received the minimal attention given that reproductive health service information for many years has been tailored to meet the needs of the adult population. The youths have therefore been neglected partly due to cultural sensitivity that dictates what, when and how reproductive health information is transmitted to the youth. This study investigated selected socio-cultural factors influencing access to reproductive he...

Socio-economic impacts of sugarcane farming on livelihoods and the biophysical environment in transmara subcounty, kenya.

ABSTRACT Sugarcane farming has been practiced the world over since the Persian farmers discovered the “reeds that produced honey without bees” between the 6th and 4th Centuries in India. Since then, sugarcane farming has been practiced in various tropical regions of the world with the major driver of the industry being the world’s increasing demand for sugar. This has led to the expansion of arable land under sugarcane cultivation, with a myriad of problems presenting themselves e...

Effects Of Trends Of Climate Variability And Small-Scale Farmers’ Perception And Adaptation Strategies In Kijabe Location, Kiambu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT This study was undertaken in Kijabe location where small-scale farmers depend on rain fed agriculture and over the years, frequent crop failure due to rain shortages has become common. Climate scientists predict increasingly dry conditions in much of Africa due to climate variability. Small-scale farmers’ efforts to adapt have shown both unfavourable and positive effects and hence the need to be explored. This study therefore examined the small-scale farmers’ adaptation str...

The Role Of Land Use And Land Cover Changes And Gis In Flood Risk Mapping In Kilifi County, Kenya

ABSTRACT An increase in the size of population leads to changes in land use and land cover as the growing community seeks more land for agriculture, settlements and infrastructural development. Land use and land cover change (LULCC) alter natural drainage systems, impact on surface runoff and affects infiltration capacities of an area; factors which contribute to flooding. Management of floods begins by mapping flood prone areas and understanding the vulnerability factors. The main...

The Effects Of Cultural Practices And Perspectives On Sustainable Community Based Ecosystem Management In Lake Baringo, Kenya

ABSTRACTEnvironmental degradation has been common phenomenon in various ecosystems in various parts of the world. This is a result of an interaction of multifaceted nexus of social-economic, technological and institutional factors which are either natural or human induced. In East Africa and Kenya in particular degradation of ecosystems is common as characterized by occurrences such as sedimentation in lakes. Lake Baringo in Kenya is one such ecosystem that is currently threatened by degradat...

Analysis Of Poverty Alleviation Initiatives Among Small Scale Farming Communties In Rural Naivasha, Kenya

ABSTRACTSmall-scale farmers are the centre of concern about globalization because they are the largest employment and small business group among the world‟s poor. More than 80% of Kenyans live in the rural areas and earn their livelihoods in agricultural-based activities. More than 50% of Kenyans live below the poverty level and struggle to meet their basic needs. Therefore the purpose of this study was to analyze of poverty alleviation initiatives among small-scale farmers in rural Naivash...

Utilization Of Soil Fertility Management Knowledge Among Smallholder Farmers In Chakol Division, Kenya

ABSTRACTThis study investigated soil fertility knowledge and how it influenced the selection and effective use of various soil fertility technologies among smallholder farmers in Chakol Division of Teso District in western Kenya. Chakol Division has a high population density of approximately 427 persons per km2 while absolute poverty levels for the district stand at 56%. Poverty levels have been worsened by poor agricultural production while continuous cropping of land with little restoration...

Developing Ecofriendly Approach For Management Of Pests And Diseases Of French Beans In Murang’a And Kirinyaga Counties, Central Kenya

ABSTRACTFrench bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) production areas are in close proximity to Nairobi and around Mount Kenya. These include Kirinyaga, Machakos, Nyeri, Naivasha and Thika. Production of the crop is majorly hampered by pests. To manage these, farmers are known to mainly depend on synthetic pesticides as a sole control measure which at times results to produce exceeding maximum residue limit set by the importing markets. Pesticides leave residues in and on the produce, contaminate soil...

Positive Deviance In The Adoption Of Agroforestry Technologies Within Lower Nyando Basin, Kenya

ABSTRACT This study was set to examine positive deviance in the adoption of agroforestry technologies by some farmers in Kadibo Division, lower Nyando river basin in Western Kenya. The study was necessitated on understanding that despite widespread effort by extension agents to diffuse agroforestry practices in Kadibo Division, only a few farmers have been able to acquire and sustain the practices. Given this background, the study sought to assess approaches to successful adoption of ag...


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