Research Papers/Topics in Industrial And Production Engineering

Optimization Of Transportation Costs In Supply Chain Management (A Case Study Of Coca-Cola Plants In Nigeria)

ABSTRACT In the manufacturing sector management of the supply chain expenses has been identified as major costs driven problem. For many years, researchers and practitioners have concentrated on the individual processes and entities within the Supply Chain. Recently, however, many companies have realized that important cost savings can be achieved through the reduction of transportation costs throughout their Supply Chain. As companies began realizing the benefits of optimizing transp...

The Combined Application of Quality Function Deployment and Pareto Analysis for Hotel Services Improvement

IntroductionFor several years, Quality Function Deployment (QFD) has been at the leading edge of research and development in many fields (Barnett and Raja, 1995; Chiou and Tong, 2001; Han et al., 2001; Pitman et al., 1996; Pramod et al., 2007; Walker, 2002; Wang, 2007). QFD evolved as a way to incorporate knowledge about the needs and desires of end-user customers into all stages of the design, manufacture, delivery and support of products and services (Einspruch, 1996; Griffin and. Hau...

A Framework For an In-House Development of Educational Management Information System

ABSTRACT A large percentage of Nigerian educational institutions use manual and paper- based system for collecting, processing, and disseminating information. This approach results in inefficient utilization of resources, low productivity and stunted growth of the educational sector. In this study the in-house users- development approach has been used to develop a computer based Educational lnformation Management System (8MS) for a typical University academic department. The existin...

A Genetic Algorithm for Job Scheduling in Two Machine Flow Shop Problem

Abstract This paper considers the problem of scheduling in flow-shop by Johnson's Algorithm method, Branch and- Bound Algorithm method and Genetic Algorithm-seethed to find an optimal sequence for n jobs m-machine problem based on minimum elapsed time.ln scheduling the two machine flow shop problem F211 I C, one has to determine a schedule that minimizes the sum of , finishing times of an arbitrary number of jobs that need to be executed on two machines, such that each job must compl...

Optimum Allocation of Silicone Oil in Flexible Polyurethane Foam Production

ABSTRACT The high cost of purchasing good quality flexible polyurethane foam called for this project work, which examines the possible reduction in the cost of production which will eventually lead to reduction in all overall market cost. Process optimization technique was adopted using gradual chemical variance method for the foam surfactant (silicone oil) to locate the optimum silicone oil quantity required as against the usual practice of ipart of silicone oil to 100 part of poly...

Genetic Algorithm Approach For Optimisation Of Silica Extraction For Micro-Crystalline Silicon Production

Solar collectors mainly produced from poly-crystalline (P-Si) and micro-crystalline silicon (µ-Si) are in high demand in Nigeria due to persistent power challenges. The silicon are mostly imported and µ-Si is preferable due to its low cost. The µ-Si is extracted from Rice Husk (RH). However, the procedure of setting its optimal process variables (temperature, time and solvent volume) which are determinants of the reduction in cost is under reported in the literature. The aim of this ...

Improvement Of Facility Layout Using Systematic Layout Planning: A Case Study Of Numerical Machining Complex Limited

ABSTRACT The facilities layout problem is an integral part of facilities planning that aims to systematically arrange and locate all production units within a facility with an objective of improving the production operations of a company. Numerical Machining Complex is planning to improve the production of its manufacturing operations in its machining and fabrication workshop. It seeks to enhance the performance of the existing workshop in terms of efficiency, productivity, and space ut...

Development Of Risk Based Approach To Spare Part Inventory Management For Sugar Factories: A Case Study Of Chemelil Sugar Company.

ABSTRACT Risk-based approach in spare part inventory management and plant maintenance is essential for ensuring asset integrity in a process facility. The sugar industry in Kenya has been a victim of inefficient spare part inventory management resulting to unscheduled factory stoppages, factory breakdowns, obsolescence of plant and equipment whose maintenance costs are very high. This has been compounded by high maintenance costs and expensive spares which are also difficult to find and...

Productivity Improvement In Bus Body Manufacturing -A Case Study Of Master Fabricators Limited

ABSTRACT The manufacturing sector today faces high competition and there is an increasing demand for customers to receive quality products, at the right time and at a competitive price. This then calls for manufacturing firms to improve productivity more so in automotive manufacturing industry. Master Fabricators Limited had in the past attempted to improve throughput time for the buses manufactured by increasing the number of employees and hiring highly qualified production personnel t...

Development Of A Maintenance Strategy For Flour Milling Industry: A Case Study Of Corn Milling Industry In Kenya

ABSTRACT Good maintenance planning and proper resources scheduling in corn milling industry are of fundamental importance for safe and efficient operation of corn milling plants. This leads to production optimization due to reduced cost of operation. The interactions of aspects of plant safety and reliability with issues related to economic performance, such as production revenues, repair and maintenance costs, renders the problem of managing maintenance and repair activities highly com...

Improvement Of Ring Frame Spindle Utilization In Short Staple Spinning: A Case Study Of A Cotton Spinning Mill

ABSTRACT Spinning mills in Kenya are operated by eight integrated textile industries to produce cotton yarns for internal use by their knitting and weaving departments and for sale to the local market. Fabric requirement estimated at 225 million square meters cannot be supplied by local domestic production and the gap is met through importation of fabrics and finished garments. Spinning mills play a very significant role in backward integration of the textile value chain by converting f...

Productivity Analysis And Improvement Of Tanneries In Kenya. A Case Study Of Sagana Tanneries.

Productivity of a system is one of the key factors that affects overall competitiveness of an organisation. Productivity is the measure of the effective use of resources which is expressed as the ratio of output to inputs. Therefore productivity is the relationship between result and the time it takes to accomplish them and it is used to examine efficiency and effectiveness of any activity that is conducted in an economy,business or an individual hence it refers to the measure of t...

Maintenance Timing Optimization: A Case Of East Africa Portland Cement Company (EAPCC)

Abstract Due to intense global competition and increasing demands from stakeholders, companies are striving to improve and optimize their productivity in order to stay competitive. The performance and competitiveness of manufacturing companies is dependent on the reliability and availability of their production facilities. Therefore, it is the objective of the maintenance department to maximize the machine availability. The use of effective maintenance policies is one of the methods tha...

Development Of An Effective Maintenance Concept For Enhancement Of Competitive Advantage: A Case Study Of East African Portland Cement Company

ABSTRACT Due to global competition, many organizations are coming up with ways of sharpening their competitive edge. This has been achieved through cost leadership, differentiation of goods and services and lastly, through quick response to the needs of the customers. To respond to these market requirements, manufacturers are using high-tech equipment. They are also adopting new material control methods such as Just-In-Time philosophy. Set-up costs are also being minimized to a minimum....

Productivity Improvement In Manufacturing Industries

Abstract The basic goal of manufacturing industries is tomaximize profitability in order be competitive and stay in the market. This is mainly achievedby producing products at low cost to maximize profits. However,low productivity has been the major problem facing most manufacturing companies just like DMKL. Two major sections that are affected by low productivity in DMKL processing plant are Labeling and Parking section. Productivity in these sections stand at an average of 50% the rat...


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