Law

Research Papers/Topics in Law

A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE ROLES OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT (ICC) AND THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNALS (ICTs) OVER CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY AND GLOBAL TERRORISM

The overall aim of this research paper is to first of all establish the nature of International crimes.then the paper shall examine the development of the ICTs and ICC since inception and to determine the extent to which the jurisdiction of the ICC has been successfully invoked in the areas of crimes against humanity and global terrorism. The paper also aims to Identify those factors which have continually hindered the exercise of jurisdiction of the court over these crimes. Finally, and mo...

The Doctrine of Res Judicata of an International Arbitral Awards

INTRODUCTIONEvery legal order recognizes the need for finality of disputes and it is commonlyknown as Res Judicata1. This principle exists in all jurisdictions and it is aimed atputting an end to the adjudication of disputes. Some writers suggest it is rooted inpublic policy and others take the view as not taking the second bite at the cherry2, thisprinciple is important to dispute resolution. Dispute resolution can take many formssuch as litigation, to alternative forms among which is arbitr...

Trade Secret Protection Within the European Union (EU) and Breach of Confidence

TABLE OF CONTENTSPART AINTRODUCTIONTRADE SECRETS EXPLAINED SUMMARY/RATIONAL FOR THE NEW EU DIRECTIVE ON TRADE SECRETBINDINGNESS OF THE DIRECTIVE ON THE UK VIS-AS-VIS BREXITOVERVIEW OF THE US TRADE SECRETS LAW COMPARISONS BETWEEN THE US & THE EU TRADE SECRETS DIRECTIVESa.   Meaning of Trade Secrets under the EU And DTSAb.   Confidentiality in court proceeding c.   Limitation Period d.   Protection for Whistle Blowerse.   RemediesCHALLENGES LIKELY TO BE FACED BY THIS DIRECTIV...

Piercing the Corporate Veil of an Incorporation to ascertain the real actors

TABLE OF CONTENTS  1.0     INTRODUCTION1.1     Corporate Veil Principle/Separate Legal Personality 1.2     Lifting the Corporate Veil  2.0     CLASSIFICATION OF THE VEIL LIFTING PRINCIPLE2.1     The Evasion Principle2.2     The Concealment Principle  3.0     OTHER REASONS ADVANCED FOR PIERCING/LIFTING THE VEIL3.1     Fraud3.2     Overall Public Interest3.3     Statutory Lifting3.4     Single Economic Entity3.5     Equitable & ...

STATE RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT ERGA OMNES RIGHT: AN APPRAISAL OF THE NIGERIAN STATE PROSECUTION OF THE WAR AGAINST TERRORISM

The prevalence of terrorist attacks on the Nigerian State despite the Nigerian government counter-terrorism efforts have led to several discussions on the way forward. This long essay seeks to advocate for international collaboration with the Nigerian government to fight and actually defeat terrorism in Nigeria.ABSTRACTThisstudyseekstoappraisetheprosecutionofthewaragainstterrorism bytheNigerian state governmentvis-à-vis the legalprinciples ofstate responsibility,responsibilitytoprotectanderg...

ENFORCEMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN AFRICA- THE AFRICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN PEOPLES

The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights was set up pursuant to the coming into force of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights, saddled with the responsibilities of promoting and enforcing the rights of the African people and further checkmating human rights breaches amongst its member states. This paper will contend that the commission while performing its duties is faced with numerous challenges and setbacks which tend to dissuade it, and which have in fact, hindered ...

Issues in Duty of Care of Medical Practitioners in Nigeria

Professional medical negligence or malpractice has been on the increase and needs to be addressed in terms of the attitude of law towards medical practice for the protection of the patient to make the physician liable as well as to secure punitive punishment for any medical practitioner who through carelessness causes harm to a patient. Moreover there is the need to caution medical practitioners who have sent many patients to their untimely graves in the course of their professiona...

Producer Responsibility and Recycling Solar Photovoltaic Modules

Rapid expansion of the solar photovoltaic (PV) industry is quickly causing solar to play a growing importance in the energy mix of the world. Over the full life cycle, although to a smaller degree than traditional energy sources, PV also creates solid waste. This paper examines the potential need for PV recycling policies by analyzing existing recycling protocols for the five major types of commercialized PV materials. The amount of recoverable semiconductor material and glass in a 1 m2 area ...

Financial Return for Government Support Financial Return for Government Support of Large-Scale Thin-Film Solar Photovoltaic Manufacturing in Canada

As the Ontario government has recognized that solar photovoltaic (PV) energy conversion is a solution to satisfying society's energy demands while reducing the adverse anthropogenic impacts on the global environment that compromise social welfare, they have begun to generate policy and funding programs to support financial incentives for PV. This paper (publication below) provides a financial analysis for investment in a 1 GW per year turnkey amorphous silicon PV manufacturing plant. The fina...

Towards real energy economics: Energy policy driven by life-cycle carbon emission

Alternative energy technologies (AETs) have emerged as a solution to the challenge of simultaneously meeting rising electricity demand while reducing carbon emissions. However, as all AETs are responsible for some greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions during their construction, carbon emission “Ponzi Schemes” are currently possible, wherein an AET industry expands so quickly that the GHG emissions prevented by a given technology are negated to fabricate the next wave of AET deployment. In an era...

Renewable Energy Policies and Programs in Nunavut: Perspectives from the Federal and Territorial Governments

Nunavut, the youngest Canadian territory, has developed a complete dependence on diesel-generated electricity over the last 50 years, which has led to environmental and economic stress on the territory. However, renewable energy technologies (RETs) could provide substantial electricity to communities, thereby reducing the use of diesel fuel. This study explored the perspectives of government policy-makers, northern energy consultants, and NGOs in order to understand the current status of rene...

Evaluating the geographic viability of the solar water disinfection (SODIS) method by decreasing turbidity with NaCl: A case study of South Sudan

While the solar water disinfection (SODIS) method of treating microbiologically contaminated water at the household level has proven to be effective at reducing incidence of diarrhea, its effectiveness is limited to waters of low turbidity. This study investigates the use of table salt (NaCl) to reduce turbidity in water containing dispersed colloidal clay particles as a means of expanding the user base of SODIS. Jar tests were performed on solutions of a low-activity clay, simulating the gen...

An Assessment of Islamic Law as Customary Law vis a vis the Supreme Court Ruling in Alkamawa v Bello and Anor 1998 6 SCNJ 127

ABSTRACT  There has been a controversy as to the question whether Islamic law can be classified as customary law in Nigeria. There exists a divide among jurisprudential scholars as to the answer to this question but the prevailing school of thought sees Islamic law as customary law. This position is supported by Nigerian Statues as is made evident by the provision of section 2 of the Native Courts Law 1957 and its succeeding legislations which states that ‘native law and custom in...


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