Law

Law Research Papers/Topics

Foreign Policy Making Process: A Case Study of Uganda (1986-2012)

Abstract: “Without literature my life would be miserable.” - Naguib Mahfouz (Egyptian Writer who won the 1988 Nobel Prize for Literature). The Foreign Policy Making Process has tremendous impacts on Uganda. Because of the imbedded interrelations within human nature, there is a tendency to believe what is formulated in the name of National Interests. The study focuses on the formal level, with emphasis on the role of President Yoweri Museveni and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as well a...

The World Trade Organization Dispute Settlement: An Analysis of Developing Countries’ Perspectives

Abstract: Formed in January I, 1995, WTO Dispute Settlement System was billed to be the panacea to trade disputes within the existing multilateral trading system. Seen as a beacon of stability and predictability, it marked a new watershed in the search for equity within the global economy. However, in spite of the hope it espoused, serious impediments appear to bedevil the system in so far as its developing country members are concerned. Instead of living up to its stated mission of promotio...

The Application of International Humanitarian Law in Somalia: A Comparative Analysis of International and Non International Armed Conflict

Abstract: The protracted conflict in Somalia has been characterized by breaches of International Humanitarian Law (IHL), due to the lack of a functional government or central authority within the country to protect the rights of people who are not or no longer taking part in hostilities. This study sought to analyze the relevance of the distinction between international and non international armed conflict based on the provisions set out in the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protoco...

The Contribution of Somali Diaspora Millennials in Peace-Building in Somalia from 2011-2021: A Case of the State Of Minnesota (United States of America)

Abstract: In an attempt to exert and re-imagine her global governance aspirations and geopolitical influence, the African Union (A.U) has acknowledged the African diaspora as the sixth region in the continent: the Northern, Southern, Eastern, Western, Central regions and the African diaspora spread out across the globe. The diaspora is a fundamental constituency, especially in addressing contemporary issues underscored in governance, economics, development, politics of the day, and social pr...

Public Diplomacy as Kenya’s Strategy for Peace in East Africa

Abstract: This research examines the concept of public diplomacy as a Kenya’s strategy in pursuing peace in East Africa. It asks one basic question; why, despite the transformation of the international system, has Kenya not found it prudent to employ public diplomacy in its foreign policy and specifically in the pursuit of peace in a volatile East Africa sub-region? To answer this overarching question, the study employs two theories; the constructivist theory and the grand strategy theory....

Role of the Principle of Responsibility to Protect (R2P) in Preventing Mass Atrocities: A Case Study of the Ituri Province, Eastern DRC

Abstract: The general objective of the thesis was to determine the role of the principle of responsibility to protect in preventing mass atrocities using a case study of the Ituri Province, Eastern DRC. The research was guided by three specific objectives and they included understanding the application of the principle of Responsibility to Protect (R2P), to determine the role of R2P and to review the mass atrocities situation where the principle of R2P was applied by using an empirical case ...

The Role of Kenyan Diplomatic Missions in Promoting Trade and Investment: Assessing Kenya High Commission in the United Kingdom from 2015 to 2020

Abstract: The role of diplomatic missions remains vital in outward and inward trade and investment promotion. Trade and investment are seen to be important through the role they play as a means of economic and political strategy. In Kenya, there is great potential for trade and investment promotion to the United Kingdom. It would be necessary to understand efforts structurally put in place by diplomatic missions to ensure the success of Kenyan-owned subsidiaries in international markets. Hen...

Role of Arbitration in Resolution of Territorial Boundary Disputes in Africa: The Case Study of Kenya-Somalia Maritime Dispute

Abstract: There has been increasing tension between the Somalia’s’ and Kenya’s government over the direction to pursue over the contested Indian Ocean extended border. However, the maritime dispute gained traction in 2014 when Somalia took Kenya to the International Court of Justice (ICJ), claiming that Kenya is trespassing on its sea territory. Initially, Somalia had made request to the ICJ to assist in solve the extended border conflict in line with the international law to avert the...

Public National Security and Refugees Crimes in Kenya: Examining International Human Rights Law (IHRL) and 1951 Refugee Convention in the Defense of Accused Refugees (2011-2019)

Abstract: Refugees have often engaged in criminal activities or compromising situations that often lead them into crimes. Refugee involvement in crime has thus become a key matter within the refugee protection agenda. This is also happening at a time when the issue of human rights protection has also become especially important. The fundamental question has concerned the guarantees that International Human Rights Law (IHRL) and 1951 Refugee Convention accord refugees, especially those accuse...

Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanisms in Kenya. A Case Study of Land Conflict Resolution in Migwani Sub-County

Abstract: Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanism (ADRM) is a broad term which is used in conflict resolution such as negotiation, mediation, conciliation and arbitration in conflict management. This study tried to answer the feasibility of ADRM in Kenyan courts and how they needed to be incorporated as an alternative way of solving disputes and conflict in Migwani, Kenya thus reducing the backlog of cases and speeding up the judgments. The thesis purposed to approach and view dispute resol...

Diplomacy in the Congo Conflict: An Analysis of the Efforts from 2001-2018

Abstract: The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has nearly 86 million inhabitants as per the March 2019 United Nations estimates. About 40% of the population reside in urban areas. With its 80 million hectares of arable land and over 1,100 minerals and precious metals, the DRC has the potential to become one of the richest countries on the continent and a driver of African growth but it has sustained political turmoil since independence. There have been several diplomatic efforts towards th...

The Shifting Humanitarian Aid Landscape: From Traditional Granting to Neoliberal Commercial Contracting

Abstract: Since early 1990s, the humanitarian funding landscape has evolved from accountable grants and MoUs to include a strict funding criteria through a competitive bidding process. Governments have adopted commercial contracting, a process that involves application by actors, both private sector and International Non- Governmental Organizations (INGOs), through tendering process, for delivery of goods and services for humanitarian action. Commercial contracting previously focused on deve...

Constitutionalism and the Rule of Law: Evaluating Whether Due Process is applied in the Prosecution of Terror Suspects in Kenya (2012-2019)

Abstract: The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether due process is applied in the prosecution of terror suspects in Kenya. Specific objectives included: to examine whether the counterterrorism laws, particularly provisions on the arrest of suspected terrorists follow due process as provided under the Constitution of Kenya, 2010; to evaluate whether counter-terrorism strategies are guided by due process rights and/or crime prevention principles of the criminal justice system; and to as...

‘Penalised for Persecution’: The Plight of Asylum Seekers in Zimbabwe

ABSTRACT Asylum seekers and refugees are among the world’s most vulnerable people. They frequently attract opposing views and are seen as a burden to society, which is an unfortunate reality. Most contemporary state practices fall short of the required standards, despite the existence of structures and a comprehensive international and regional legal framework to protect these vulnerable individuals. Zimbabwe has ratified several international and regional human rights treaties, but its dom...

Pathways to Protecting Free Speech in Africa: Opportunities For New Approaches to an Old Problem

Freedom of speech is one of the fundamental rights of every human in the world wether he/she is domicile in Europe, America, Asia, Oceania or Africa and is one of the fundamental human rights that I believe should be non negotiable, because no other creature or individual should prohibited others from expressing their views, opinions, ideas and rights vocally or otherwise. The creator who gave us the ability of speech never intended us to forgo it's use. Free Speech is very important to the d...


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